To collaborate in mitigating the potential threat of climate change, governments signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro at the Earth Summit. The Convention, which came into force in March 1994, was signed after extensive negotiations among governments. Ethiopia not only signed the convention, it also ratified it in April 1994.
Developing national inventories of sources and sinks of GHGs, impact assessment and preparation of climate change adaptation measures are some of the commitments that apply to all parties under the convention. In support of preparation of a National Climate Change Action Plan, the Ethiopian report Ethio-US Country Study Project (Foreword / Inventory of Greenhouse Gases) covers the preparation of action plans at the sectoral level.
Although Ethiopia's current emission of greenhouse gases is negligible as compared to that of the developed countries, it is likely that the country will be affected negatively by global warming and climate change. Therefore conducting research on vulnerability and adaptation assessments to climate change is highly important for the country's long term development planning. It was in this sprit and as a party to the Climate Change Convention that we participated in the U.S Countries Studies Program to carry out GHG Emissions Inventory, Vulnerability, Adaptation and Mitigation Assessments.