Hungary joined the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the Parliament ratified it in December 1993. The UNFCCC aims at the stabilization of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions on a certain base level. The base level of the stabilization is generally the emission level of 1990. However, Article 4.6 of the UNFCCC allows for countries with economies in transition to choose a different base level, since the deep economic crisis, which led to the profound political changes in the late 80's, involved the drastic decrease of these emissions. Therefore, the Hungarian government decided to stabilize the anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions on the yearly average level of the period 1985-1987.
With the support of the U. S. Country Studies Program, Hungary developed a comprehensive inventory of greenhouse gas emissions for the selected base period. For international comparisons and synthesis, also the inventory for 1990 was developed. As the second element of the Country Study, the Hungarian Country Study Team elaborated mitigation scenarios for mid and long term for different sectors of the national economy. This interim report, Mitigation Analysis for Hungary, summarizes the results of this work. The mitigation analysis focused on two main sectors as follows: energy and forestry.