Table A2. Examples of Data Needed from Outside the USGCRP

* Questions taken from Our Changing Planet: The FY 1991 Research Plan.
Topical QuestionsData and Information Examples
How will climate change affect temperature, precipitation, soil moisture patterns, and the general distribution of water on the land surface, and how will these changes in turn influence the atmosphere?
  • Streamflow
  • Soil moisture
  • Ground and surface water
  • Precipitation
  • Evapotranspiration
  • Water use
  • Temperature
How do different coastal regions respond geologically and ecologically to rising sea level, and how can the contributions from changes in climate be differenti-ated from those due to tectonic processes?
  • Ground level motion
  • Height of waves on shores
  • Sea level
  • Sea and land ice thickness
  • Sediment cores
How do the oceans interact with the atmosphere in the storage, transport, and uptake of heat?
  • Buoy data
  • Ocean ship histories
  • Ocean ship transect data
  • NOAA and DOD satellite data
In which ecological systems and species are significant changes most likely to occur, and what attributes of importance to humans will be at risk?
  • Migration and productivity
  • Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) data
  • Soil classification
  • Ecotone maps
  • Status of threatened species
What are the natural ranges and rates of change in the climate and environmental systems?
  • Temperature
  • Ice cores
  • Cloud records
  • Precipitation
  • Ground-based solar grid
  • Tree rings
  • Upper air data
What are the effects of volcanic emissions on regional and global climate?
  • Volcanic gases and aerosol emissions
  • Radiative forcing
What is needed to develop the information required to verify models of interaction between human and natural systems and to assess the likelihood of changes in those processes?
  • Demographic and census data
  • Health statistics
  • Land use
  • Economic activity and trade
  • Mineral use
  • Technological change and distribution
  • Pollutant distribution and effects
  • Emission sources and sinks
  • Energy production and use