New
Library
About
Online Catalog
Ask Dr. Global Change
Site Map
Links


HomeTOCPreviousNext

References

Aas, P., Lyons, M., Pledger, R, Mitchell, D.L. and Jeffrey, W.H. 1996. Inhibition of bacterial activities by solar radiation in nearshore waters and the Gulf of Mexico. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 11:229-238.

Ankley, G.T., Tiegte, J.E., DeFoe, D.L., Jensen, K.M., Holcombe, G.W., Durhan, E.S. and Diamond, S.A. 1998. Effects of ultraviolet radiation and methoprene on survival and development of Rana pipiens. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17: in press.

Aráoz, R. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Ultraviolet radiation induces both degradation and synthesis of phycobilisomes in Nostoc sp.: a spectroscopic and biochemical approach. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 23:301-313.

Arrigo, K.R. 1994. Impact of ozone depletion on phytoplankton growth in the Southern Ocean: large-scale spatial and temporal variability. Marine Ecology Progress Series 114:1-12.

Banerjee, M. and Häder, D.-P. 1996. Effects of UV radiation on the rice field cyanobacterium, Aulosira fertilissima. Environmental and Experimental Botany 36:281-291.

Banse, K. 1995. Zooplankton: Pivotal role in the control of ocean production. ICES Journal of marine Science 52:265-277.

Beach, K.S. and Smith, C.M. 1996a. Ecophysiology of tropical rhodophytes. I. Microscale acclimation in pigmentation. Journal of Phycology 32:701-710.

Beach, K.S. and Smith, C.M. 1996b. Ecophysiology of tropical rhodophytes. II. Microscale acclimation in photosynthesis. Journal of Phycology 32:710-718.

Behrenfeld, M.J., Lee II, H. and Small, L.F. 1994. Interactions between nutritional status and long-term responses to ultraviolet-B radiation stress in a marine diatom. Marine Biology 118:523-530.

Behrenfeld, M.J. 1995. Ultraviolet-B radiation effects on inorganic nitrogen uptake by natural assemblages of oceanic plankton. Journal of Phycology 31:25-36.

Behrenfeld, M.J. and Falkowski, P.G. 1997a. Photosynthetic rates derived from satellite-based chlorophyll concentration. Limnology and Oceanography 42:1-20.

Behrenfeld, M.J. and Falkowski, P.G. 1997b. A consumer's guide to phytoplankton primary productivity models. Limnology and Oceanography 42:1479-1491.

Biggs, B.J.F. 1996. Patterns in benthic algae of streams. In Algal Ecology, Stevenson, R.J. (ed.), pp. 31-56.

Björn, L.O., Cunningham, A., Dubinsky, Z., Estrada, M., Figueroa, F.L., Garcia-Pichel, F. Häder, D.-P., Hanelt, D., Levavasseur, G. and Lüning, K. 1996. Technical discussion. I: Underwater light measurements and light absorption by algae. In Underwater Light and Algal Photobiology. Scientia Marina 60 (Suppl. 1). Figueroa, F.L., Jiménez, C., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L. and Niell, F.X. (eds.), Barcelona, Spain, pp. 59-63.

Blaustein, A.R. and Kiesecker, J.M. 1997 The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on amphibians in natural ecosystems. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), R.G. Landes Company, pp. 175-188.

Blaustein, A.R., Kiesecker, J.M., Chivers, D.P. and Anthony, R.G. 1997. Ambient UV-B radiation causes deformities in amphibian embryos. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 94:13735-13737

Booth, C.R., Morrow, J.H., Coohill, T.P., Frederick, J.E., Häder, D.-P., Holm-Hansen, O., Jeffrey, W.H., Mitchell, D.L., Neale, P.J., Sobolev, I., van der Leun, J. and Worrest, R.C. 1997. Impacts of solar UVR on aquatic microorganisms. Photochemistry and Photobiology 65:252-269.

Bothwell, M.L., Sherbot, D.M.J. and Pollock, C.M. 1994. Ecosystem response to solar ultraviolet-B radiation: Influence of trophic level interactions. Science 256:97-100.

Boucher, N.P. and Prezelin, B.B. 1996. An in situ biological weighting function for UV inhibition of phytoplankton carbon fixation in the Southern Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series 114:223-236.

Brown, B.E., Dunne, R.P., Scoffin, T.P. and le Tissier, M.D.A. 1994. Solar Damage in intertidal corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series 105:219-230.

Brown, C.W., Esaias, W.E. and Thompson, A.M. 1995. Predicting phytoplankton composition from space Using the ratio of euphotic depth to mixed-layer depth: An evaluation. Remote Sensing Environment 53:172-176.

Büchel, C. and Wilhelm, C. 1993. In vivo analysis of slow chlorophyll fluorescence induction kinetics in algae: progress, problems and perspectives. Photochemistry and Photobiology 58:137-148.

Buma, A.G.J., Engelen, A.H. and Gieskes, W.W.C. 1997. Wavelength-dependent induction of thymine dimers and growth rate reduction in the marine diatom Cyclotella sp. exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 153:91-97.

Buma, A.G.J., van Hannen, E.J., Roza, L., Veldhuis, M.J.W. and Gieskes, W.W.C. 1995. Monitoring ultraviolet-B-induced DNA damage in individual diatom cells by immunofluorescent thymine dimer detection. Journal of Phycology 51:314-321.

Buma, A.G.J., van Hannen, E.J., Veldhuis, M.J.W. and Gieskes, W.W.C. 1996b. UV-B induces DNA damage and DNA synthesis delay in the marine diatom Cyclotella sp. Scientia Marina 60 (Suppl. 1). Barcelona, Spain, pp. 101-106.

Buma, A.G.J., Zemmelink, H.J., Sjollema, K. and Gieskes, W.W.C. 1996a. UVB radiation modifies protein and photosynthetic pigment content, volume and ultrastructure of marine diatoms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 147:47-54.

Burenkov, V.I. 1993. Optical properties of the Laptev Sea near the Lena River delta. Proc. Symp. on High Latitude Optics. Tromso, Norway, 28 June 2 July 1993.

Caroll, A.K. and Shick, J.M. 1996. Dietary accumulation of UV-Absorbing mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) by the green sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis). Marine Biology 124:561-569.

Chalker-Scott, L. 1995. Survival and sex ratios of the intertidal copepod, Tigriopus californicus, following ultraviolet-B (290-320 nm) radiation exposure. Marine Biology 123:799-804.

Coohill, T.P., Häder, D.-P. and Mitchell, D.L. 1996. Environmental ultraviolet photobiology: Introduction. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:401-402.

Corn, P.S. 1998. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on boreal toads in Colorado. Ecological Applications 8:18-26.

Critchley, C. and Russell, A.W. 1994. Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in vivo: the role of protein turnover in photosystem II. Physiologia Plantarum 92:188-196.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. 1994. Ultraviolet radiation, ozone depletion, and marine photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research 39:303-320.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. 1996. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on short-term photosynthesis of natural phytoplankton. Photochemistry and Photobiology - in press.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. 1997a. Biological weighting functions for describing the effects of ultraviolet radiation on aquatic systems. In The effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems.Ch. 6, Häder, D-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 97-118.

Cullen, J.J. and Neale, P.J. 1997b. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on short-term photosynthesis of natural phytoplankton. Photochemistry and Photobiology 65:264-266.

Damkaer, D.M. 1982. Possible influence of solar UV radiation in the evolution of marine zooplankton. In The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems, Calkins, J. (ed.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 701-706.

Davidson, A.T., Marchant, H. J. and de la Mare, W. K. 1996. Natural UV exposure changes the species composition of Antarctic phytoplankton in mixed culture. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 10:299-305.

Demmig-Adams, B. and Adams III., W. 1992. Photoprotection and other responses of plants to high light stress. Annual Reviews of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 43:599-626.

Döhler, G. 1996. Effect of UV irradiance on utilization of inorganic nitrogen by the Antarctic diatom Odontella weissflogii (Janisch) Grunow. Botanica Acta 109:35-42.

Döhler, G., 1992. Impact of UV-B radiation (290320 nm) on uptake of 15N-ammonia and 15N-nitrate by phytoplankton of the Wadden Sea. Marine Biology 112:485-489.

Döhler, G., 1997. Impact of UV radiation of different wavebands on pigments and assimilation of 15N-ammonium and 15N-nitrate by natural phytoplankton and ice algae in Antarctica. Journal of Plant Physiology 151:550-555.

Döhler, G. and Hagmeier, E. 1997. UV-Effects on Pigments and Assimilation of 15N-Ammonium and 15N-Nitrate by Natural Marine Phytoplankton of the North Sea. Botanica Acta 110:481-488.

Döhler, G., Hagmeier, E. and David, C. 1995a. Effects of solar and artificial UV irradiation on pigments and assimilation of 15N ammonium and 15N nitrate by macroalgae. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 30:179-187.

Donkor, V.A. and Häder, D.-P. 1995. Protective strategies of several cyanobacteria against solar radiation. Journal of Plant Physiology 145:750-755.

Donkor, V.A. and Häder, D.-P. 1996. Effects of ultraviolet irradiation on photosynthetic pigments in some filamentous cyanobacteria. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 11:143-149.

Donkor, V.A. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Ultraviolet radiation effects on pigmentation in the cyanobacterium Phormidium uncinatum. Acta Protozoologica 36:49-55.

Ducklow, H.W., Carlson, C.A., Bates, N.R., Knap, A.H. and Michaels, A.F. 1995. Dissolved organic carbon as a component of the biological pump in the North Atlantic Ocean. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 348:161-167.

Dunlap, W.C. and Shick, J.M. 1998. Ultraviolet radiation-absorbing mycosporine-like amino acids in coral reef organisms: a biochemical and environmental perspective. Journal of Phycology 34:418-430.

FAO 1995. FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics Catches and Landings, http://www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/fishery/trends/catch/globalsf.html

Figueroa, F.L., Jiménez, C., Lubián, L.M., Montero, O., Lebert, M. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Effects of high irradiance and temperature on photosynthesis and photoinhibition in Nannochloropsis gaditana Lubián (Eustigmatophyceae). Journal of Plant Physiology 151:6-15.

Figueroa, F.L., Jiménez, C., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L. and Niell, F.X. 1996. Underwater light and algal photobiology. Scientia Marina 60 (Suppl. 1). Barcelona, Spain, pp. 343.

Foster, R. and Lüning, K. 1996. Photosynthetic response of Laminaria digitata to ultraviolet A and B radiation. In Underwater light and algal photobiology. Scientia Marina 60 (Suppl. 1), Figueroa, F.L., Jiménez, C. and Pérez-Lloréns, J.L. (eds.), Barcelona, Spain, pp. 65-71.

Franklin, L.A. and Foster, R.M. 1997. The changing irradiance environment: consequences for marine macrophyte physiology, productivity and ecology. European Journal of Phycology 32:207-232.

Fuhrman J.A. and Noble R.T. 1995. Viruses and protists cause similar bacterial mortality in coastal seawater. Limnology and Oceanography 40:1236-1242.

Garcia-Pichel, F. 1994. A model for the internal self-shading in planktonic organisms and its implications for the usefulness of ultraviolet sunscreens. Limnology and Oceanography 39:1704-1717.

Garcia-Pichel, F. 1995. A scalar irradiance fiber-optic microprobe for the measurement of ultraviolet radiation at high spatial resolution. Photochemistry and Photobiology 61:248-254.

Gerber, S. and Häder, D.-P. 1995a. Effects of enhanced solar irradiance on chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic oxygen production of five species of phytoplankton. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 16:33-42.

Gerber, S. and Häder, D.-P. 1995b. Effects of artificial and simulated solar radiation on the flagellate Euglena gracilis: physiological, spectroscopical and biochemical investigations. Acta Protozoologica 34:13-20.

Gerber, S., Biggs, A. and Häder, D.-P. 1996. A polychromatic action spectrum for the inhibition of motility in the flagellate Euglena gracilis. Acta Protozoologica 35:161-165.

Giacometti, G.M., Barbato, R., Chiaramonte, S., Friso, G. and Rigoni, F. 1996. Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on photosystem II of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6083. European Journal of Biochemistry 242:799-806.

Gieskes, W.W.C. and Buma, A.G.J. 1997. UV damage to plant life in a photobiologically dynamic environment: the case of marine phytoplankton. Plant Ecology 128:16-25.

Gleason, D.F. and Wellington, G.M. 1995. Variation in UVB sensitivity of planula larvae of the coral Agaricia agaricites along a depth gradient. Marine Biology 123:693-703.

Gómez, I. and Wiencke, C. 1996. Photosynthesis, dark respiration and pigment contents of gametophytes and sporophytes of the Antarctic brown alga Desmarestia menziessi. Botanica Marina 39:149-157.

Gómez, I., Wiencke, C. and Weykman, G. 1995. Seasonal photosynthetic characteristics of the brown alga Ascoseira mirabilis from King George Island (Antarctica). Marine Biology 123:167-172.

Grevby, C. 1996. Organisation of the light harvesting complex in fucoxanthin containing algae. PhD Thesis, Göteborg University, Sweden.

Häder, D.-P. 1995a. Photo-ecology and environmental photobiology. In CRC Handbook of Organic Photochemistry and Photobiology, Horspool, W.M. and Song, P.-S. (eds.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, New York, London, Tokyo, pp. 1392-1401.

Häder, D.-P. 1997a. Effects of UV radiation on phytoplankton. In Advances in Microbial Ecology, Jones, J.G. (ed.), Vol. 15. Plenum Press, New York, London, pp. 1-26.

Häder, D.-P. 1997b. Effects of solar UV-B radiation on aquatic ecosystems. In Plants and UV-B: Responses to Environmental Change, Lumsden, P.J. (ed.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 171-193.

Häder, D.-P. 1997c. UV-B and aquatic ecosystems. In UV-B and Biosphere, Rozema, J., Gieskes, W.W.C., van de Geijn, S.C., Nolan, C. and de Boois, H. (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston and London, pp. 413.

Häder, D.-P. 1997d. Penetration and effects of solar UV-B on phytoplankton and macroalgae. Plant Ecology 128:4-13.

Häder, D.-P. 1997e. Stratospheric ozone depletion and increase in ultraviolet radiation. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 1, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 1-4.

Häder, D.-P. and Figueroa, F.L. 1997. Photoecophysiology of marine macroalgae. Photochemistry and Photobiology 66:1-14.

Häder, D.-P. and Schäfer, J. 1994. In-situ measurement of photosynthetic oxygen production in the water column. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 32:259-268.

Häder, D.-P. and Worrest, R.C. 1997. Consequences of the effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on aquatic ecosystems. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 3, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 11-30.

Häder, D.-P., Worrest, R.C., Kumar, H.D. and Smith, R.C. 1995. Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on aquatic ecosystems. Ambio 24:174-180.

Häder, M. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Optical properties and phytoplankton composition in a freshwater ecosystem (Main-Donau-Canal). In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 9, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 155-174.

Halac, S., Felip, M., Camarero, L., Sommaruga-Wögrath, S., Psenner, R., Catalan, J. and Sommaragu, R. 1997. An in situ enclosure experiment to test the solar UVB impact on plankton in a high-altitude mountain lake. I. Lack of effect on phytoplankton species composition and growth. Journal of Plankton Research 19:1671-1686.

Hanelt, D., Jaramillo, M.J., Nultsch, W., Senger, S. and Westermeir, R. 1994. Photoinhibition as a regulatory mechanism of photosynthesis in marine algae of Antarctica. Serie Cient. Inst. Antarct., Chil. 44:67-77.

Hays, J.B., Blaustein, A.R., Kiesecker, J.M., Hoffman, P.D., Pandelova, I., Coyle, D. and Richardson, T. 1996. Developmental responses of amphibians to solar and artificial UVB sources: A comparative study. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:449-456.

Helbling, E.B., Chalker, B.E., Dunlap, W.C., Holm-Hansen, O. and Villafane, V.E. 1996. Photoacclimation of antarctic marine diatoms to solar ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 204:85-101.

Helbling, E.W., Villafane, V. and Holm-Hansen, O. 1994. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on Antarctic marine phytoplankton photosynthesis with particular attention to the influence of mixing. In Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Mesurements and Biological Effects, Weiler, C.S. and Penhale, P.A. (eds.), Antarctic Research Searies # 62, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, pp. 207-227.

Herndl, G.J. 1997. Role of ultraviolet radiation on bacterioplankton activity. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 8, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 143-154.

Herrmann, H., Ghetti, F., Scheuerlein, R. and Häder, D.-P. 1995b. Photosynthetic oxygen and fluorescence measurements in Ulva laetevirens affected by solar irradiation. Journal of Plant Physiology 145:221-227.

Herrmann, H., Häder, D.-P. and Ghetti, F. 1997. Inhibition of photosynthesis by solar radiation in Dunaliella salina: relative efficiencies of UV-B, UV-A and PAR. Plant, Cell and Environment 20:359-365.

Herrmann, H., Häder, D.-P., Köfferlein, M., Seidlitz, H.K. and Ghetti, F. 1995a. Study on the effects of UV radiation on phytoplankton photosynthetic efficiency by means of a sunlight simulator. Med. Biol. Environ. 23:36-40.

Herrmann, H., Häder, D.-P., Köfferlein, M., Seidlitz, H.K. and Ghetti, F. 1996. Effects of UV radiation on photosynthesis of phytoplankton exposed to solar simulator light. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 34:21-28.

Holmes, R. 1994. Biologists sort the lessons of fisheries collapse. Science 264:1252-1253.

Holm-Hansen, O. 1997. Short- and long-term effects of UVA and UVB on marine phytoplankton productivity. Photochemistry and Photobiology 65:266-268.

Hunter, J.R., Kaupp, S.E. and Taylor, J.H. 1982. Assessment of effects of UV radiation on marine fish larvae. In The Role of Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Marine Ecosystems, Calkins, J. (ed.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 459-497.

IASC. 1995. Effects of increased ultraviolet radiation in the Arctic. IASC Report No. 2, IASC Secretariat. Journal of Plant Physiology 148:42-48.

Jeffrey, W.H., Aas, P., Maille Lyons, M., Coffin, R.B., Pledger, R.J. and Mitchell, D.L. 1996a. Ambient solar radiation-induced photodamage in marine bacterioplankton. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:419-427.

Jeffrey, W.H., Pledger, R.J., Aas, P., Hager, S., Coffin, R.B., Haven, R.V. and Mitchell, D.L. 1996b. Diel and depth profiles of DNA photodamage in bacterioplankton exposed to ambient solar ultraviolet radiation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 137:283-291.

Jerlov, N.G. 1968. Optical Oceanography. Elsevier Publications Company, Amsterdam.

Jiménez, C., Figueroa, F.L., Aguilera, J., Lebert, M. and Häder, D.-P. 1996. Phototaxis and gravitaxis in Dunaliella bardawil: Influence of UV radiation. Acta Protozoologica 35:287-295.

Karentz, D. and Spero, H.J. 1995. Response of a natural Phaeocystis population to ambient fluctuations of UVB radiation caused by Antarctic ozone depletion. Journal of Plankton Research 17:1771-1789.

Karentz, D., Bothwell, M.L., Coffin, R.B., Hanson, A., Herndl, G.J., Kilham, S.S., Lesser, M.P., Lindell, M., Moeller, R.E., Morris, D.P., Neale, P.J., Sanders, R.W., Weiler, C.S. and Wetzel, R.G. 1994. Report of working group on bacteria and phytoplankton. In Impact of UV-B Radiation on Pelagic Freshwater Ecosystems. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Beiheft 43 (Special issue), Williamson, C.E. and Zagarese, H.E. (eds.), pp. 31-69.

Karsten, U. and Garcia-Pichel, F. 1996. Carotenoids and mycosporine-like amino acid compounds in members of the Genus Microcoleus (Cyanobacteria): A chemosystematic study. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 19:285-294.

Kashyap, A.K., Pandey, K.D. and Gupta, R.K. 1991. Nitrogenase Activity of the Antarctic cyanobacterium Nostoc commune: influence of temperature. Folia Microbiologica 36:557-560.

Kim, D.S. and Watanabe, Y., 1994. Inhibition of growth and photosynthesis of freshwater phytoplankton by ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation and subsequent recovery from stress. Journal of Plankton Research 16:1645-1654.

Kirst, G. O. and Wiencke, C. 1996. Ecophysiology of algae. Journal of Phycology 31:181-199.

Kouwenberg, J.H.M., Browman, H.I., Runge, J.A., Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F. and St-Pierre, J.-F. 1998 a. Biological weighting of ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. II. Calanus finmarchicus G. (Copepoda) eggs. Marine Biology, in press.

Kouwenberg, J.H.M., Browman, H.I., Cullen, J.J., Davis, R.F., St-Pierre, J.-F. and Runge, J.A. 1998b. Biological weighting of ultraviolet (280-400 nm) induced mortality in marine zooplankton and fish. I. Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L) eggs. Marine Biology, in press.

Kumar, A., Sinha, R.P. and Häder, D.-P. 1996b. Effect of UV-B on enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in the cyanobacteria Nostoc calcicola. Journal of Plant Physiology 148:86-91.

Kumar, A., Tyagi, M.B., Srinivas, G., Singh, N., Kumar, H.D., Sinha, R.P.and Häder, D.-P. 1996a. UVB shielding role of FeCl3 and certain cyanobacterial pigments. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:321-325.

Leavitt, P.R., Vinebrooke, R.D., Donald, D.B., Smol, J.P. and Schindler, D.W. 1997. Past ultraviolet radiation environments in lakes derived from fossil pigments. Nature 388:457-459.

Lesser, M. 1996. Acclimation of phytoplankton to UV-B radiation: oxidative stress and photoinhibition of photosynthesis are not prevented by UV-Absorbing compounds in the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum micans. Marine Ecology Progress Series 132:287-297 (correction: Marine Ecology Progress Series 141:312).

Licht, L.E.and Grant, K.P. 1997 The effects of ultraviolet radiation on the biology of amphibians. American Zoologist 37:137-145.

Little, E.E. and Fabacher, D.L. 1994. Comparative sensitivity of rainbow trout and two threatened salmonids, Appache Trout and Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, to UV-B radiation. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Beiheft 43:217-226.

Lüning, K. 1990. Seaweeds. Their Environment, Biogeography and Ecophysiology. Wiley, New York.

Malloy, K.D., Holman, M.A., Mitchell, D. and Detrich III, H.W. 1997. Solar UVB-induced DNA damage and photoenzymatic DNA repair in Antarctic zooplankton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 94:1258-1263.

Markager, S. and Sand-Jensen, K. 1994. The physiology and ecology of light-grown relationship in macroalgae. In Progress in Phycological Research Vol. 10, Round, F.E. and Chapman, D.J. (ed.), Biopress Ltd., Bristol, pp. 209-298.

Meinesz, A., Belscher, T., Bouderesque, C.-F. and Lefevre, J.-R. 1991. Premiére évaluation des potentialés du satellite Spot pour la cartographie des peuplements benthiques superficieles de Méditerranée occidentale. Oceanologica Acta 14:299-307.

Mercado, J. M., Jiménez, C., Niell, F.C.X. and Figueroa, F.L. 1996. Comparisons of methods for measuring light absorption by algae and their application to the estimation of the package effect. In Underwater light and algal photobiology. Scientia Marina 60 (Suppl. 1), Figueroa, F.L., Jiménez, C. and Pérez-Lloréns, J.L.(eds.), Barcelona, Spain, pp. 39-45.

Milot-Roy, V. and Vincent, W.F. 1994. UV radiation effects on photosynthesis: the importance of near-surface thermoclines in a subarctic lake. In Advances in Limnology: Impact of UV-B radiation on Pelagic Ecosystems. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Beiheft 43, Williamson, C.E. and Zagarese, H.E. (eds.), pp. 171-184.

Montecino, V. and Pizarro, G. 1995. Phytoplankton acclimation and spectral penetration of UV irradiance off the central Chilean coast. Marine Ecology Progress Series 121:261-269.

Morrow, J.H. and Booth, C.R. 1997. Instrumentation and methodology for ultraviolet readiation measurements in aquatic environments. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 4,Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 31-44.

Müller-Niklas, G., Heissenberger, A., Puskaric, S. and Herndl, G.J. 1995. Ultraviolet-B radiation and bacterial metabolism in coastal waters. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 9:111-116.

Naganuma, T., Inoue, T. and Uye, S. 1997. Photoreactivation of UV-induced damage to embryos of a planktonic copepod. Journal of Plankton Research 19:783-787.

Naganuma, T., Konishi, S., Inoue, T., Nakane, T. and Sukizaki, S. 1996. Photodegradation or photoalteration? Microbial assay of the effect of UV-B on dissolved organic matter. Marine Ecology Progress Series 135:309-310.

Neale, P.J., Cullen, J.J. and Davis, R.F. 1998a. Inhibition of marine photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation: Variable sensitivity of phytoplankton in the Weddell-Scotia Sea during austral spring. Limnology and Oceanography 43:433-488.

Neale, P.J., Davis, R.F. and Cullen, J.J. 1998b. Interactive effects of ozone depletion and vertical mixing on photosynthesis of Antarctic phytoplankton. Nature 392:585-589.

Nicholson, W.L. 1995. Photoreactivation in the genus Bacillus. Current Microbiology 31:361-365.

Nolan, C.V. and Amanatidis, G.T. 1995. European Commission research on the fluxes and effects of environmental UVB radiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 31:3-7.

Ott, H. and Amanatides, G.T. 1994. Sesame 1994-1995: a European contribution to the stratospheric ozone issue. DG XII, EC, Brussels, pp. 16.

Ovaska, K., Davis, T.M. and Flamarique, I.N. 1997. Hatching success and larval survival of the frogs Hyla regilla and Rana aurora under ambient and artificially enhanced solar ultraviolet radiation. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:1081-1088.

Peletier, H., Gieskes, W.W.C. and Buma, A.G.J. 1996. Ultraviolet-B radiation resistance of benthic diatoms isolated from tidal flats in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 135:163-168.

Piazena, H. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Penetration of solar UV and PAR into different waters of the Baltic Sea and remote sensing of phytoplankton. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 5, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 45-96.

Pomeroy, L.R. and Wiebe, W.J. 1988. Energetics of microbial food webs. Hydrobiologia 159:7-18.

Porst, M., Herrmann, H., Schäfer, J., Santas, R. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Photoinhibition in the Mediterranean green alga Acetabularia mediterranea measured in the field under solar irradiation. Journal of Plant Physiology 151:25-32.

Quesada, A. 1995. Growth of Antarctica cyanobacteria under ultraviolet radiation: UVA counteracts UVB inhibition. Journal of Phycology 31:242-248.

Rai, L.C., Tyagi, B. and Mallick, N. 1996. Alternation in photosynthetic characteristics of Anabaena dolium following exposure to UV-B and Pb. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:658-663.

Rai, P.K. and Rai L.C. 1997. Interactive effects of UV-B and Cu on photosynthesis, uptake and metabolism of nutrients in green alga Chlorella vulgaris and simulated ozone column. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 43:(in press).

Roemmich, D. and McGowan, J. 1995. Climatic warming and the decline of zooplankton in the California Current. Science 267:1324-1326.

Rothchild, B.J. 1996. How bountiful are ocean fisheries? Consequences 2:26-36.

Santas, R., Häder, D.-P. and Lianou, C. 1996. Effects of solar UV radiation on diatom assemblages of the Mediterranean. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:435-439.

Santas, R., Koussoulaki, A. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. In assessing biological UV-B effects, natural fluctuations of solar radiation should be taken into account. Plant Ecology 128:93-97.

Sarmiento, J.L. and Le Quéré, C. 1996. Oceanic carbon dioxide uptake in a model of century-scale global warming. Science 274:1346-1350.

Scheuerlein, R., Treml, S., Thar, B., Tirlapur, U.K. and Häder, D.-P. 1995. Evidence for UV-B-induced DNA degradation in Euglena gracilis mediated by activation of metal-dependent nucleases. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 31:113-123.

Schreiber, U., Schliwa, U. and Bilger, W. 1986. Continuous recording of photochemical and non-photochemical chlorophyll fluorescence quenching with a new type of modulation fluorometer. Photosynthesis Research 10:51-62.

Schubert, H., Kroon, B.M.A. and Matthijs, H.C.P. 1994. In vivo manipulation of the xanthophyll cycle and the role of the zeaxanthin cycle in the photoprotection against photodamage in the green alga Chlorellapyrenoidosa. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269:7267-7272.

Scully, N.M. and Lean, D.R.S. 1994. The attenuation of ultraviolet radiation in temperate lakes. In Advances in Limnology: Impact of UV-B radiation on pelagic ecosystems. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Beiheft 43, Williamson, C.E. and Zagarese (eds.), pp. 135-144.

Seckmeyer, G., Thiel, S., Blumthaler, M., Fabian, P., Gerber, S., Gugg-Helminger, A., Häder, D.-P., Huber, M., Kettner, C., Köhler, U., Köpke, P., Maier, H., Schäfer, J., Suppan, P., Tamm, E. and Thomalla, E. 1994. Intercomparison of spectral-UV-radiation measurement systems. Applied Optics 33:7805-7812.

Shick, J.M., Lesser, M.P. and Jokiel, P.L. 1996. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on corals and other coral reef organisms. Global Change Biology 2:527-545.

Sinha, R.P. and Häder, D.-P. 1996. Photobiology and ecophysiology of rice field cyanobacteria. Photochemistry and Photobiology 64:887-896.

Sinha, R.P. and Häder, D.-P. 1997. Impacts of UV-B irradiation on rice-field cyanobacteria. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 9, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 189-198.

Sinha, R.P., Kumar, H.D., Kumar, A. and Häder, D.-P. 1995. Effects of UV-B irradiation on growth, survival, pigmentation and nitrogen metabolism enzymes in cyanobacteria. Acta Protozoologica 34:187-192.

Sinha, R.P., Singh, N., Kumar, A., Kumar, H.D., Häder, M. and Häder, D.-P. 1996. Effects of UV irradiation on certain physiological and biochemical processes in cyanobacteria. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, B: Biology 32:107-113.

Smith, R.C., Baker, K.S., Byers, M.L. and Stammerjohn, S.E. 1998. Primary productivity of the Palmer Long-Term Ecological Research Area and the Southern Ocean. Journal of Marine Systems 529:in press.

Smith, R.C., Prézelin, B.B., Baker, K.S., Bidigare, R.R., Boucher, N.P., Coley, T., Karentz, D., MacIntyre, S., Matlick, H.A., Menzies, D., Ondrusek, M., Wan, Z. and Waters, K.J. 1992. Ozone depletion: Ultraviolet radiation and phytoplankton biology in Antarctic waters. Science 255:952-959.

Sommaruga, R. and Robarts, R.D. 1997. The significance of autotrophic and heterotrophic picoplankton in hypertrophic ecosystems. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 24:187-200.

Sommaruga, R., Krössbacher, M., Salvenmoser, W., Catalan, J. and Psenner, R. 1995. Presence of large virus-like particles in a eutrophic reservoir. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 9:305-308.

Sommaruga, R., Oberleiter, A. and Psenner, R. 1996. Effect of UV radiation on the bacterivory of a heterotrophic nanoflagellate. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62:4395-4400.

Springer, A.M. and McRoy, C.P. 1993. The paradox of pelagic food webs in the northern Bering Sea. III. Patterns of primary production. Continental Shelf Research 13:575-599.

Sullivan, C.W., Arrigo, K.R., McClain, C.R., Comiso, J.C. and Firestone, J. 1993. Distributions of phytoplankton blooms in the Southern Ocean. Science 262:1832-1837.

Takahashi, T., Feely, R.A., Weiss, R.F., Wanninkhof, R.H., Chipman, D.W., Sutherland, S.C. and Takahashi, T. 1997. Global air-sea flux of CO2: An estimate based on measurements of sea-air pCO2 difference. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 94:8282-8299.

Takahashi, T., Takahashi, T.T. and Sutherland S. 1995. An assessment of the role of the North Atlantic as a CO2 sink. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 348:143-152.

Thomson, D.J. 1997. Dependence of global temperatures on atmospheric CO2 and solar irradiance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 94:8370-8377.

Uhrmacher, S., Hanelt, D. and Nultsch, W. 1995. Zeaxanthin content and the degree of photoinhibition are linearly correlated in the brown alga Dictyota dichotoma. Marine Biology 123:159-165.

USEPA (U. S. Environmental Protection Agency) 1987. An assessment of the effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on aquatic organisms. In Assessing the Risks of Trace Gases That Can Modify the Stratosphere. EPA 400/1-87/001C, pp. 1-33.

Vassiliev, I.R., Prasil, O., Wyman, K.D., Kolber, Z.K., Hanson, A. K., Prentice, J.E. and Falkowski, P.G. 1994. Inhibition of PS II photochemistry by PAR and UV radiation in natural phytoplankton communities. Photosynthesis Research 42:51-64.

Vernet, M. and Smith, R.C. 1997. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the pelagic Antarctic ecosystem. In The effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 16, Häder, D-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 247-265.

Vernet, M., Brody, E.A., Holm-Hansen, O. and Mitchell, B.G. 1994. The response of Antarctic phytoplankton to ultraviolet radiation: absorption, photosynthesis, and taxonomic composition. In Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Mesurements and Biological Effects, Weiler, C.S. and Penhale, P.A. (eds.), Antarctic Research Searies # 62, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, pp. 207-227.

Villafane, V.E., Helbling, W.W., Holm-Hansen, O. and Chalker, B.E. 1995. Acclimatization of Antarctic natural phytoplankton assemblages when exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Plankton Research 17:2295-2306.

Vincent, W.F. and Roy, S. 1993. Solar ultraviolet radiation and aquatic primary production: damage, protection and recovery. Environmental Reviews 1:1-12.

Vitousek, P.M., Mooney, H.A., Lubchenco, J. and Melillo, J.M. 1997. Human domination of Earth's ecosystems. Science 277:494-499.

Wake, D.B. 1991. Declining amphibian populations. Science 253:860.

Wängberg, S.-Å, and Selmer, J.-S. 1997. Studies of effects of UV-B radiation on aquatic model ecosystems. In The Effects of Ozone Depletion on Aquatic Ecosystems. Ch. 12, Häder, D.-P. (ed.), Environmental Intelligence Unit, Academic Press and R.G. Landes Company, Austin, pp. 199-214.

Wängberg, S.-Å, Selmer, J.-S., Ekelund, N.G.A. and Gustavson, K. 1996. UV-B effects on Nordic marine ecosystems. TemaNord, Nordic Council of Ministers, Denmark 1996:515.

Waters, K.J. and Smith, R.C. 1994. Phytoplankton production in the Sargasso Sea as determined using optical mooring data. Journal of Geophysical Research 99:18,385-18,402

Weiler, C.S. and Penhale, P.A. 1994. Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctica: Measurements and Biological Effects. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

Wetzel, R.G., Hatcher, P.G. and Bianchi, T.S. 1995. Natural photolysis by ultraviolet irradiance of recalcitrant dissolved organic matter to simple substrates for rapid bacterial metabolism. Limnology and Oceanography 40:1369-1380.

Wiencke, C. 1996. Recent advances in the investigation of Antarctic macroalgae. Polar Biology 16:231-240.

Wiencke, C., Bartsch, I., Bischoff, B., Peters, A.F. and Breeman, A.M. 1994. Temperature requirements and biogeography of Antarctic, Arctic and amphiequatorial seaweeds. Botanica Marina 37:247-259.

Williamson, C.E. Metzgar, S.L., Lovera, P.A. and Moeller, R.E. 1997. Solar ultraviolet radiation and the spawning habitat of yellow perch, Perca flavescens. Ecological Applications 7:1017-1023.

Williamson, C.E. 1995. What role does UV-B radiation play in freshwater ecosystems? Limnology and Oceanography 40:386-392.

Williamson, C.E. 1996. Effects of UV radiation on freshwater ecosystems. International Journal of Environmental Studies 51:245-256.

Worrest, R.C. and Kimeldorf, D.J. 1976. Distortions in amphibian development induced by ultraviolet-B enhancement (290-315 nm) of a simulated solar spectrum. Photochemistry and Photobiology 24:377-382.

Xiong, F., Lederer, F., Lukavsky, J. and Nedbal, L. 1996. Screening of freshwater algae (Chlorophyta, Chromophyta) for ultraviolet-B sensitivity of the photosynthetic apparatus. Journal of Plant Physiology 148:42-48.

Zeng, J. and Stamnes, K. 1994. Impact of stratospheric ozone depletion on UV penetration into the ocean. 1994 Ocean Sciences Meeting, February 21-25, San Diego, California.


HomeTOCPreviousNext
U.S. Global Change Research Information Office, Suite 250, 1717 Pennsylvania Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20006. Tel: +1 202 223 6262. Fax: +1 202 223 3065. Email: . Web: www.gcrio.org. Webmaster: .
U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Intranet Logo and link to Home