Department of Defense

Areas of Global Change Research. Defense research funding is planned and programmed specifically to address National Security requirements; programs described below concurrently satisfy Defense needs and stated goals of the USGCRP. Defense research programs are described in four research "themes" that capitalize on unique DOD capabilities related to USGCRP goals: Boundary Layer Dynamics (BLD), High Latitude Dynamics (HLD), Ocean Measurements (OM), and Regional Resolving Models (RRM).

DOD Program Title FY97 FY98 FY99
ONR BLD/Marine Aerosols 1.0 1.0 1.0
ONR BLD/Ocean Ecological Dynamics 0.5 0.0 0.0
ONR HLD/Arctic Acoustic Properties 3.0* 0.0 0.0
ONR HLD/Arctic Ice Dynamics 1.0 0.5 0.5
ONR HLD/Arctic Marine Sediments 0.2 0.0 0.0
ONR HLD/SCICEX Submarine Data Collection 0.5 0.7 1.0
ONR OM/Coastal Remote Sensing 0.0 1.0 2.0
ONR OM/MEDEA Data Declassification 1.0* 0.8* 0.0
ONR OM/North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory 2.0* 1.0 0.5
CRREL RRM/Coupled Hydrologic and Thermal Models 0.2 0.0 0.2
ONR RRM/Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Models 1.4 1.5 1.5
Total  10.8 6.5
President's Request  5.9 5.7 6.7
* Funded above 1997 budget request (Congressional add-on).
CRREL Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory
ONR Office of Naval Research

FY99 Program Highlights. For FY99, Defense programs associated with the USGCRP continue to key on research and data collection to enhance prediction of seasonal to interannual climate variability. The Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) project--a multidisciplinary field program jointly funded by Navy, NSF, DOE, NASA, and Canada--will continue to provide a continuous set of integrated measurements of the atmosphere, ocean, and Arctic ice pack. Another multi-agency program (SCICEX) with Navy, NSF, NOAA, and USGS support will employ a specially configured Navy submarine to collect detailed bathymetric, gravimetric, and oceanographic measurements under the Arctic ice canopy. These data have significantly altered earlier descriptions of the Arctic environment.

The multi-agency environmental group called MEDEA, charged to examine classified data sets and make recommendations regarding releasing these data to the public, will continue in FY99. Fundamental research in marine aerosols will develop unique instrumentation to measure air-sea gas transfer mechanisms; the resulting data will be used to develop new models of air-sea gas and energy fluxes within the marine boundary layer. The Navy Ocean Modeling Program (NOMP) will concentrate efforts in the Western Pacific region this year. Methodologies to determine an objective Defense Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory will be supported in FY98-99. All data and research results described above are routinely made available to the civil science community.

Related Research. DOD-sponsored research, not described above, also contributes to observing, understanding, and predicting environmental processes related to global change. Associated programs include theoretical studies and observations of solar phenomena; monitoring and modeling of unique features in the middle and upper atmosphere; fundamental research in physical and biological oceanography; terrestrial and sea ice modeling; global cloud specification and modeling; terrestrial and marine environmental quality research; and energy conservation measures.

Mapping of Budget Request to Appropriations Legislation. In the Department of Defense Appropriations Bill, research associated with the USGCRP is funded under Title IV-Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation. In Appropriations Committee reports, nearly all funding is included within the budget for Defense Research Sciences.