endnotes

Introduction

1  United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Agenda 21: Programme of Action for Sustainable Development  (New York: United Nations, 1992).

Chapter One

2  The World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission), Our Common Future  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987), p.43.

3  The President's Council on Sustainable Development, Sustainable America: A New Consensus for Prosperity, Opportunity, and a Healthy Environment  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1996).

4  The term education for sustainability  or sustainability education  complements a number of other fields such as environmental education, global education, economics education, development education, multicultural education, conservation education, outdoor education, global change education, and others. Education for sustainability is considerably broader and encompasses many aspects of these respected and established fields of study.

5  Definitions of environmental education have been presented in the following documents: U.N. Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Belgrade Charter  (Belgrade, Yugoslavia, 1975); Final Report, Intergovernmental Conference on Environmental Education  (Tbilisi, USSR, 1977); The World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission), Our Common Future  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987); North American Association for Environmental Education (NAAEE), Defining Environmental Education: The NAAEE Perspective,  Unpublished paper, 1983; United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Agenda 21: Programme of Action for Sustainable Development  (New York: United Nations, 1992); International Council for Adult Education, 7 Year Plan for Major Institutional Change, Phase II, 1996 ;  National Archives, Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Education among the Department of the Environment Canada and the Secretariat of Social Development Republic of Mexico and the Environmental Protection Agency,  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Washington, DC: 1992).

6  Carnegie-Mellon University study cited by Susan Cohen, "The Warm Zone," The Washington Post Magazine,  July 1995.

7  Peter D. Hart Research, Goals and Priority Action Projects: Environmental Education about Fish and Wildlife Conservation  (Troy, Ohio: North American Association for Environmental Education, 1994), p. 2.

8  The Roper Organization, "America's Environmental GPA" and "Teen America's Environmental GPA," both surveys commissioned by SC Johnson & Son, Inc., 1991-1992.

9  Ontario Teachers Foundation position paper, 1993, p. 10. Cited in Jody Naters, "Learning for a Sustainable Future," December 1994, p.11.

10  National Science and Technology Council, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Technology for a Sustainable Future: A Framework for Action  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1994), p.110.

11  Harold R. Hungerford, Investigating and Evaluating Environmental Issues and Actions: Skill Development Modules  (Champaign, IL: Stripes Publishing Company, 1992).

12  William B. Stapp, "The Concept of Environmental Education," The Journal of Environmental Education,  1:1, Fall 1969, p. 31.

Chapter Two

13  Abbey Ruskey, National Environmental Education Advancement Project, University of Wisconsin- Stevens Point, Unpublished paper, November 1995.

14  Julian Keniry, National Wildlife Federation, Ecodemia  (Washington, DC: 1995).

15  Jayne Chase, Blueprint for a Green School  (Jefferson City, Missouri: Scholastic, 1995).

16  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics  (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1995), Table 4.

17  Rosalyn McKeown-Ice, Environmental Education Literacy Needs Assessment Project: Assessing Environmental Literacy of Student and Environmental Education Needs for Teachers-Final Report 1/9/93-95.  National Consortium for Environmental Education and Training, 1995.

Chapter Three

18  The Commission of Global Governance, Our Global Neighborhood, The Report of the Commission of Global Governance  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 1.

19  Personal conversation with Taylor Grant, SABAN Entertainment, February 1996.

20  Agriculture Extension Work Act (Smith-Lever Act), P.L. 63-95, May 8, 1914.

21  United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), "Local Authorities' Initiatives of Agenda 21," Agenda 21: Programme of Action for Sustainable Development  (New York: United Nations, 1992).

22  U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, National Center for Education Statistics, The Condition of Education  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1994), p. 68.

23  School-to-Work Opportunities Act, P.L. 103-239, 1993.

24  U.S. Department of Education, Where We Stand in Education  (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1994).

25  Mindi Maline, Lifelong Learning: A Conceptual Framework  (The National Institute on Postsecondary Education, Libraries and Lifelong Learning, 1995).

26  Ibid.

27  Carol B. Aslanian, "Trends in Adult Learning" (New York: The College Board, Office of Adult Learning, 1993).

28  U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, World Population Profile: 1994  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1994).

29  Ibid.

30  U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Reaching The Goals: Goal 5 - Adult Literacy and Lifelong Learning  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, July 1993), p.6.

31  Fullerton, op.cit.

32  U.N. Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, World Social Situation in the 1990s  (New York: United Nations, 1990).

33  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Literacy in America: A First Look at the Results of the National Adult Literacy Survey  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1992).

34  Ibid.

Chapter Four

35  Goals 2000: Educate America Act, H.R. 1804, 1994. U.S. Department of Education, The Goals 2000 Act: Supporting Community Efforts to Improve Schools  (Washington, DC: Governmenta Printing Office, 1994), p.1.

36  National Science and Technology Council, (NSTC), Office of Science and technology Policy (OSTP), Technology for a Sustainable Future: A Framework for Action  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1994). NSTC, OSTP, Bridge to a Sustainable Future: A National Environmental Technology Strategy (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1995).

37  Ibid.

38  U.S. Department of Education, Interagency Technology Task Force, Technology Learning Challenge  (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1995), p.2.

39  Software Publishers Association, Software Publishers Association Market Report (1994-95 school year),  Education Section (Washington, DC: October 1995), p.105.

40  Ibid.

Chapter Five

41  UNESCO-UNEP, International Strategy for Action in the Field of Environmental Education and Training for the 1990s  (Nairobi & Paris, 1988).


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