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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d93oct1

"Global Climate Change and Sustainable Development," Air & Waste, 43(9), 1202-1212, Sep. 1993.

Consists of four invited comments and prepared discussions presented concurrently with the Critical Review Discussion Paper on this topic at the June 1993 annual meeting of the Air and Waste Management Association. (See Global Climate Change Digest, p. 85, June 1993.) A reply by the review's authors, Firor and Jacobsen, follows. Addresses climate change and sustainable development as separate and related issues.

Item #d93oct2

"Tackling Urban CO2 Emissions in Toronto," L.D.D. Harvey (Dept. Geog., Univ. Toronto, Toronto, Ont., Can.), Environment, 35(7), 16-20, 38-44, Sep. 1993.

Describes how the city of Toronto, Ontario (as one of 14 North American and European city governments in the Urban CO2 Project), is setting policies that will make reducing CO2 emissions easier and less expensive.

Item #d93oct3

"Environment and Economy: What's the Bottom Line?" R.H. Bezdek (Mgmt. Info. Serv. Inc., Washington, D.C.), ibid., 6-11, 25-32. A review of the theoretical, anecdotal and empirical evidence that examines the facts and fallacies at the core of the environment-economy controversy.

Item #d93oct4

"Verification Issues in the Development of an Effective Climate Change Convention," O. Green (Dept. Peace Studies, Bradford Univ., U.K.), J.E. Salt, World Resour. Rev., 5(3), 271-285, Sep. 1993.

Arrangements for verifying greenhouse gas emissions must be included in the climate convention process immediately. Properly structured, an institution created for this task will instill a feeling of confidence and transparency in the convention, both necessary features for success, as evidenced by the ozone depletion convention.

Item #d93oct5

"Decrease in the Growth Rates of Atmospheric Chlorofluorocarbons 11 and 12," J.W. Elkins (CMDL, NOAA, 325 Broadway, Boulder CO 80303), T.M. Thompson et al., Nature, 364(6440), 780-783, Aug. 26, 1993.

Measurements spanning the past 15 years and latitudes ranging from 83·N to 90·S show a decrease in the atmospheric growth rates of CFCs 11 and 12, consistent with producer estimates of reduced emissions. If growth rates of these two species continue to follow predicted trends, levels will reach a maximum before the turn of the century, then decline.

Item #d93oct6

Clim. Change, 24(4), 383-386, Aug. 1993, contains discussion between K. Kondratyev and J. Jäger on the latter author's editorial concerning the Second World Climate Conference and the role of science in formulating policy.

Item #d93oct7

"Risk Communication in the Swedish Energy Sector," R.E. Löfstedt (Ctr. Environ. Strategy, Univ. Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH, UK), Energy Policy, 21(7), 768-772, July 1993. Examines the effectiveness of risk communication in the specific case of the imposition of a CO2 cap in Sweden and its removal three years later.

Item #d93oct8

"International Environmental Law: Contemporary Issues and the Emergence of a New World Order," E.B. Weiss (Georgetown Univ. Law Ctr., Washington, D.C.), Georgetown Univ. Law J., 81(3), 675-710, Mar. 1993.

Offers a detailed examination of international environmental law over the past few decades, assesses the situation today, and describes future trends. The last includes the joining of environmental protection and economic development, the formulation of nonbinding instruments or "soft law," the continued adoption of new approaches, and the involvement of nongovernmental organizations heralded by the recent Earth Summit.

Item #d93oct9

"From the International Geophysical Year to Global Change," R.G. Fleagle (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Washington, AK-40, Seattle WA 98195), Rev. Geophys., 30(4), 305-313, Nov. 1992.

Major scientific programs of the past 40 years have greatly increased understanding of our global environment and have led to the present concern over global change. Yet better procedures and institutional structures for linking scientific understanding to government policy are still required.

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