February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 7, JULY 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... GLOBAL AND REGIONAL MODELING
Temperatures in the Subtropical North Atlantic Ocean over the
Past 35 Years," G. Parrilla (Inst. Español Oceanog.,
Corazón Maria 8, 28002 Madrid, Spain), A. Lavin et al., Nature, 369(6475),
48-51, May 5, 1994.
The maximum warming observed, one degree per century, occurs
at 1100 m depth in the interior ocean, in contrast to the surface
warming predicted by models.
from J. Clim., 7(5), May 1994:
"A GCM Simulation of Global Climate Trends:
1950-1988," I.N. Smith (CSIRO, Priv. Bag 1, Mordialloc 3195,
Australia), 732-744. Simulated changes in land-surface
temperature are less than observed, suggesting that factors other
than sea surface temperature changes, including greenhouse
warming, may have been operating.
"Observed Dependence of Outgoing Longwave Radiation [OLR]
on Sea Surface Temperature and Moisture," A. Raval (GFDL,
POB 308, Princeton NJ 08542), A.H. Oort, V. Ramaswamy, J.
Clim., 7(5), 807-821, May 1994. Suggests that the
observed dependence (based on four years of ERBE data) be a
minimum performance standard for climate models. Illustrates this
approach using GCM output.
Biogeochemical Cycling Estimates with CZCS [Coastal Zone Color
Scanner] Satellite Data and General Circulation Models,"
D.J. Erickson III (NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), B.E. Eaton, Geophys.
Res. Lett., 20(8), 683-686, Apr. 23, 1993.
Describes a conceptual and computational method for
integrating future satellite data with 3-dimensional
chemistry-climate prediction models, using OCS as an example.
of Comparison for Clear-Sky Radiative Fluxes from General
Circulation Models with Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
Data," M.H. Zhang (Inst. Terr. Atmos., State Univ. of New
York, Stoney Brook NY 11794), R.D. Cess et al., J. Geophys.
Res., 99(D3), 5515-5523, Mar. 20, 1994. (See GCCD,
p. 3, May 1994)
items from J. Clim., 7(3), Mar. 1994:
"Regional Climate Change Scenarios over the United States
Produced with a Nested Regional Climate Model," F. Giorgi
(NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), C.S. Brodeur, G.T. Bates,
375-399. Used versions of the NCAR Community Climate Model and
the NCAR/Penn State mesoscale model to illustrate the feasibility
of the nested modeling technique for long-term regional climate
"GCM Simulations of the Three-Dimensional Propagation of
Stationary Waves," S. Yang, W.J. Gutowski Jr. (Atmos. Sci.,
Iowa State Univ., 3010 Agron. Bldg., Ames IA 50011), 414-433.
Used versions of the GFDL and NCAR models to simulate the
sources, sinks, and horizontal propagation of atmospheric
stationary waves, which play an important role in regional
climate. Simply increasing model resolution will not improve
simulation; more knowledge about the physics governing storm
tracks and latent heat release in the atmosphere is needed.
"An Assessment of Possible Climate Change in the
Australian Region Based on an Intercomparison of General
Circulation Modeling Results," P.H. Whetton (CSIRO Div.
Atmos. Res., Pvt. Bag 1, Mordialloc, Vic., 3195 Australia), P.J.
Rayner et al., J. Clim., 7(3), 441-463, Mar. 1994.
(See GCCD, p. 11, Mar. 1994)
Climates in the GISS General Circulation Model: Surface Air
Temperature," B. Hewitson (Dept. Environ. & Geog. Sci.,
Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch, S. Africa), ibid., 7(2),
283-303, Feb. 1994.
Uses a statistical technique based on principal component
analysis to study regional climate change in the continental
U.S., and compares the results with those derived from model
Tropics Revisited," D.M. Anderson (CMDL, NOAA, 325 Broadway,
Boulder CO 80303), R.S. Webb, Nature, 367(6458),
Jan. 6, 1994.
Discusses discrepancies between marine and terrestrial
indicators of tropical climate during the last glacial period,
and between model simulations and observations.
of Perceived Priority Issues in the Parameterizations of
Cloud-Related Processes in GCMs," K.A. Browning (Joint Ctr.
Mesoscale Meteor., Univ. Reading, Whiteknights Rd., POB 240,
Reading RG6 2FN, UK), Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc., 120(516),
483-487, Jan. Part B.
Summarizes responses to a survey by the Global Energy and
Water Cycle Experiment of the World Climate Research Programme.
Major issues were cloud cover; optical properties of clouds;
redistribution of heat, moisture and momentum by clouds;
distribution of precipitation; and coupling between physical
Heat Flux Parameterization and the Response of Ocean General
Circulation Models to High-Latitude Freshening," S.B. Power
(BMRC, GPO Box 1289K, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia), R.
Kleeman, Tellus, 46A(1), 86-95, Jan. 1994.
Used an ocean general circulation model with mixed boundary
conditions (a restoring condition on the upper level temperature
but a fixed, specified surface salt flux). Discusses implications
of the finding that model response depends on the details of the
parameterization of surface heat flux.
Derivation of the Observed Relationship Between Net Primary
Production [NPP] and Mean Annual Air Temperature," G.B.
Bonan (NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), Tellus, 45B(5),
397-408, Nov. 1993.
Presents a forest carbon exchange model that may provide a
means of integrating terrestrial carbon flux into global climate
Walk Expectancies for Recent Global Climate, and in an Enhanced
Greenhouse Warming," A.H. Gordon (Sch. Earth Sci., Flinders
Univ. S. Australia, POB 2100, Adelaide SA 5001, Australia),
J.A.T. Bye, Global & Planet. Change, 8,
Analysis of observed temperatures and GCM simulated
temperatures suggests that the statistical properties of
temperature would change with enhanced greenhouse warming.
Effects of Anthropogenically-Increased CO2 on the Dynamics of
Climate: Implications for Ice Age Cycles," B. Saltzman
(Dept. Geol. & Geophys., Yale Univ., POB 6666, New Haven CT
06511), K.A. Maasch, M.Ya. Verbitsky, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(11),
1051-1054, June 7, 1993.
Used a dynamical model to demonstrate that the
anthropogenically forced increase of atmospheric CO2, if
maintained over a long period of time, could displace the
climatic system from a regime of oscillating ice ages into a more
stable regime representative of the pre-Pleistocene.
of Modelled and Observed Climate for Impact Assessments,"
P.J. Robinson (Dept. Geog., Univ. N. Carolina, Chapel Hill NC
27514), A.N. Samel, G. Madden, Theor. Appl. Clim., 48(2-3),
For the southeast U.S., the GFDL model showed greater extremes
of temperature, an overabundance of hot spells and a different
number of raindays.
Greenhouse Warming Computations with a Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere
Model," U. Cubasch (M. Planck Inst. Meteor., Bundesstr. 55,
W-2000 Hamburg 13, Ger.), K. Hasselmann et al., Climate
Dynamics, 8(2), 55-69, Dec. 1992.
Model simulations for climate change over the next century due
to anthropogenic emissions show a near-surface temperature
increase of 2.6 K for a "business-as-usual" scenario,
and a 0.6 K increase for an "accelerated-policies"
of Surface Albedo from Space: A Parameterization for Global
Application," Z. Li (CCRS, 588 Booth St., Ottawa ON K1A
0Y7), J. Geophys. Res., 99(D4), 8335-8350, Apr. 20,
Discussion on "The Parametrization of Rainfall
Interception in GCMs" by A.J. Dolman and D. Gregory (April
1992, 118, 445-467), E.A.B. Eltahir, R.L. Bras (Parsons
Lab., Mass. Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA 02139), Quart. J.
Royal Meteor. Soc., 120(517), 733-738, Apr. 1994.
from J. Geophys. Res., 99(D2), Feb. 20, 1994:
"Timescales in Energy Balance Climate Models. 1. The
Limiting Case Solutions," R.G. Watts (Dept. Mech. Eng.,
Tulane Univ., New Orleans LA 70118), M.C. Morantine, K.A. Rao,
"...2. The Intermediate Time Solutions," M.C.
Morantine (addr. immed. above), R.G. Watts, 3643-3653.
from ibid., 99(D1), Jan. 20, 1994:
"Evaluation of Water Vapor Distribution in General
Circulation Models Using Satellite Observations," B.J. Soden
(Atmos. & Oceanic Sci. Prog., GFDL, Princeton Univ., POB 308,
Princeton NJ 08542), F.P. Bretherton, 1187-1210.
"Climatology and Natural Variability of the Global
Hydrologic Cycle in the GLA Atmospheric General Circulation
Model," K.-M. Lau (NASA-Goddard, Greenbelt MD 20771), V.M.
Mehta et al., 1329-1345.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations