February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 5, MAY 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD
on the Expansion of the Global Food Supply," H.W. Kendall
(Mass. Inst. Technol., Rm. 24-514, Cambridge MA 02139), D.
Pimentel, Ambio, 23(3), 198-205, May 1994.
Examines whether and how global food production may be
increased to provide for a world population expected to double by
about 2050. A business-as-usual scenario points to looming
shortages of food. In addition, stress from possible climatic
alteration and enhanced ultraviolet radiation may make
satisfactory production extremely difficult. Identifies the
nature of the changes required to make sufficient food available.
Degradation, Global Food Production, and Risk for Large-Scale
Migration," B.R. Döös (Jordangasse 7/13, A-1010 Vienna,
Austria), Ambio, 23(2), 124-130, Mar. 1994.
Estimates the impact of processes such as soil erosion,
salinization, chemical contamination, ultraviolet radiation and
biotic stress, as well as opportunities to improve food
production efficiency. Calculates that during the next 30-35
years, the annual gain in food production will be significantly
lower than the rate of world population growth.
issue: Food Policy, 19(2), April 1994.
Published (by Butterworth-Heinemann) simultaneously with a
special issue of Global Environ. Change, with reviewed
papers from a 1993 NATO workshop on climate change and food
security. (The Global Environ. Change papers were
summarized in GCCD, April 1994; those from Food Policy
are summarized here.) Single copies £46 (Europe); £48
"Introduction: Climate Change and World Food
Security," T.E. Downing (Environ. Change Unit, Univ. Oxford,
Oxford OX1 3TB, UK), M.L. Parry, 99-104. The workshop brought
together three groups: food policy and hunger researchers,
primarily from the social sciences; agricultural system modelers;
and climate impact assessment specialists. They concluded that
climate change threatens the livelihood of vulnerable populations
in marginal areas, and developed recommendations for further
"Demand and Supply: Trends in Global Agriculture,"
P. Crosson (Resour. for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC
20036), J.R. Anderson, 105-119. Addresses whether the global
agricultural system can satisfy demand for food and fiber to the
year 2030 at acceptable economic and environmental costs.
Knowledge is the key factor; it can be more readily developed,
and can be substituted for resources.
"Climate Change and Involuntary Migration: Implications
for Food Security," J. McGregor (Refugee Studies Prog.,
Univ. Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK), 120-132. Questions assumptions
on which alarmist projections are based: how studies
conceptualize the link between environmental change and
migration, and premises underlying the link between migration and
food security. The term environmental refugee is misleading.
"Multiple Threats to Regional Food Production:
Environment, Economy, Population?" D. Norse (Environ. Change
Unit, Univ. Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK), 133-148. Examines
relationships among four threats: climate change, environmental
degradation, economic growth and population growth. Uncertainty
has led to two polarized views about their outcome, both of which
must be challenged.
"Agricultural Policy, Climate Change and Food Security in
Mexico," K. Appendini (Centro de Estudios Econ., El Colegio
de México, Camino Al Ajusco 20, Mexico D1000, Mex.), D.
Liverman, 149-164. Examines conditions in 20th century Mexico to
provide a context for thinking about the implications for Mexico
of two types of global change: the internationalization of
economics, and the transformation of the environment.
"Climate Change: Some Likely Multiple Impacts in Southern
Africa," C.H.D. Magazda (Univ. Lake Kariba Res. Sta., POB 48
Kariba, Zimbabwe), 165-191. Examines ecological, agricultural and
"World Food Security: Prospects and Trends," R.S.
Chen (CIESIN, 2250 Pierce Rd., Univ. Ctr. MI 48710), R.W. Kates,
192-208. Offers a speculative and clearly optimistic scenario for
achieving food security in a warmer, more crowded world of 2060,
requiring widespread acknowledgment of food as a human right, a
pervasive global safety net, and the capacity to cope with
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