February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 1, NUMBER 6, DECEMBER 1988
World Resources 1988-89--An Assessment of the Resource Base that
Supports the Global Economy, 372 pp., Nov. 1988. World Resour. Inst. and
Internat. Inst. Environ. & Devel., in collaboration with U.N. Environ. Prog.
Order from Basic Books, POB 350, Hagerstown MD 21741 (800-638-3030); $15.25
paper, $29.65 cloth.
The second in a series to be issued biennially, intended to contribute to
management of the world's resources by providing an independent, nongovernmental
perspective. Following a 14-page executive summary in Part I, Part II is devoted
to individual resource areas like atmosphere and climate, energy, forests and
rangelands, oceans and coasts, plus two general chapters on global systems and
cycles, and policies and institutions. Part III covers rehabilitating and
restoring degraded lands. Part IV gives resource data tables corresponding to
the topics in Part II. This issue also includes a special regional focus on
Energy Policy Statement: A Call to Action for the Next President and
Congress, Environ. & Energy Study Inst., 10 pp., Oct. 1988. Order from
EESI, 122 C St. NW, S. 700, Washington DC 20001 (202-628-1400); $10.
The board of directors of EESI, an independent, non-partisan public policy
organization, approved this statement unanimously to encourage decisive action
by the government on a new energy policy to counter global warming, and also
international economic competition, other forms of air pollution, and threatened
energy security. Most important of four categories of action is energy
efficiency. This can be improved greatly through: taxes on fuels that produce
carbon dioxide; giving priority to energy efficiency in acid rain control
proposals; shifting energy production subsidies from nuclear sources to
renewable ones and efficiency development; new standards for transportation
efficiency; accelerated research and development. The other three general
categories are alternative energy sources and fuel switching, reversing forest
destruction, and leadership in developing international initiatives.
The Changing Atmosphere--Challenges and Opportunities, 24 pp.,
Oct. 1988. Issued by American Meteor. Soc. (45 Beacon St., Boston MA 02108;
617-227-2425) and Univ. Corp. Atmos. Res.
Presents specific recommendations to the new administration for assessing
and preparing for climate changes, and for protecting life and property from
severe weather events, made by a professional society (AMS) and a consortium of
universities (UCAR). The U.S. must join with other nations to develop the
observational database, computer models and necessary understanding to
anticipate the course of climate-related events, estimate the impacts of
changes, and prepare for them. Completion of existing programs to improve
warnings, acquisition of supercomputers and enhancement of severe storm research
programs are necessary for protection from severe weather. These investments are
top priorities because they will be repaid in avoided costs, and are justified
despite the need for federal deficit reduction.
Climate Change: A Primer, N.J. Rosenburg, 19 pp., 1987 (reprinted
1988). Resour. for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036
(202-328-5000), single copies free; multiple copies $2 ea.
A Primer on Climate Change: Mechanisms, Trends and Projections
(RR86-04), N.J. Rosenburg, 67 pp., 1986; $3.
The first text is aimed at nonscientists and is drawn from the second, a
fully referenced technical discussion paper. The former defines and
characterizes climate; explains the workings of the climate system (radiation
and energy balance) and human effects on it through greenhouse gases and land
use change; then discusses whether climate is changing, agriculture as a
sensitive indicator, and what the future holds.
A Matter of Degrees: The Potential for Controlling the Greenhouse
Effect, I.M. Mintzer, 57 pp., April 1987. World Resour. Inst. (Washington,
D.C.) Order from WRI Pubs., POB 620, Holmes PA 19043; $11.50.
A comprehensive analysis of the impacts of policy changes and new
technologies on the buildup of greenhouse gases, based on computer model
calculations. Four scenarios were analyzed; of these, the basic scenario
represents no major efforts to alter present trends, while the slow buildup
scenario represents the adoption of strong policies to improve energy
efficiency, introduce solar energy, arrest deforestation and limit CFC
emissions. In the basic scenario the earth's temperature will be committed to an
increase of 2.9-8.6 ĚC by the year 2075. However, the strong measures
represented in the slow buildup scenario substantially offset this increase, if
adopted within the next decade.
A Regional Model of Long-Term Wetland-Forest Dynamics (WP-87-63),
M.Ya. Antonovsky, F.Z. Glebov, M.D. Korzukin, 51 pp., 1987.
Internat. Inst. Appl. Sys. Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria; US $7.
Under current conditions, the characteristic time for succession from forest
to bog in the boreal forests of the USSR, Scandinavia and Canada is about 100
years, but with greenhouse warming succession rates may be considerably altered.
This may have significant impact on the forest sector, and models must be
developed to determine likely future outcomes.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations