February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1989
GENERAL AND POLICY
The Impact of Climatic Variability on U.K. Industry (AIR Rep. 1),
M.L. Parry, N.J. Read, Eds., 71 pp., 1988. Obtain from Atmos. Impacts Res. (AIR)
Grp., Sch. Geog., Univ. Birmingham, POB 363, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
A summary of discussions and recommendations from a December 1987 workshop,
sponsored by the British Councils of Economic and Social Research and Natural
Environment Research, to encourage more integrated study of impacts on water and
energy supplies, construction, transportation and insurance. About a third of
the recommendations relate to climate change, the rest to weather variability
and severe weather. Because the water industry is especially sensitive to
climate change, recommendations include identification of effects on catchment
yield and water quality, storm statistics that determine design of drainage and
sewage systems, return periods and patterns of rainfall and drought, saline
intrusion of aquifers through sea level rise. Also discusses climate change
effects on the energy industry. The more integrated approach demanded by these
problems should possibly take the form of a national climate program for the
Predicting Climate Change--An Improved Model of Warming Commitment,
I. Mintzer (World Resour. Inst., 1735 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006;
202-638-6300), approx. 60 pp., Fall 1988. Order from WRI Publications, POB 620,
Holmes PA 19403; $12.50.
The improved model, based on several component simulation models, better
predicts the timing and extent of global warming and ozone depletion. It
projects energy demand through a disaggregated end-use analysis, rather than one
primarily based on assumed rates of population and GNP growth. The carbon cycle
model is more complete, and the expanded atmospheric model can analyze policy
options for both global warming and total global ozone. Effects of technological
changes on future greenhouse gas emissions can be compared with those of fiscal,
tax or trade-pricing policies.
Our Polluted Environment--A Long-Term Perspective, J.G. Speth
(World Resources Inst.), approx. 40 pp., Fall 1988. Order at address above;
A paper, commissioned by the National Geographic Society for its Centennial
Symposium, that examines four long-term trends in pollution including the
growing dominance of global effects. Identifies six social and technological
transitions needed to reduce pollutants at their sources--the preferred
approach--in the coming decades: renewable and efficient energy; new
technologies that are less capital- and materials-intensive; technological
designs that work with nature; economic policies that do not subsidize waste or
undervalue natural assets; international cooperation; and stabilization of world
Future Risk: Research Strategies for the 1990s (SAB-EC-88-040),
19 pp. + append., Sep. 1988. Request from Science Advisory Board Office (A101F),
U.S. EPA, 401 M St. SW, Washington DC 20460 (202-382-2552).
Summarizes 10 recommendations of the Research Strategies Subcommittee of the
U.S. EPA Science Advisory Board (see NEWS, this Global Climate Change Digest
issue--Feb. 1989). These include shifting EPA's research focus from
end-of-pipe controls to prevention of pollution generation; planning a balanced,
long-term research program better suited to anticipating environmental problems;
establishing a national environmental research institute by EPA; and doubling
its research and development budget. Detailed recommendations are found in five
appendices covering research on: sources, transport and fate; exposure
assessment; ecological effects; health effects; and risk reduction.
CO2 and Climatic Change (IEACR/07), I.M. Smith, 52 pp.,
May 1988. Published By IEA (Internat. Energy Agency) Coal Research, 14-15 Lower
Grosvenor Place, London SW1W 0EX, UK (tel. 01-828-4661; fax 01-828-9508); Ј60.
Available in North America from Renouf Pub. Co., 1294 Algoma Rd., Ottawa, Ont.
K1B 3W8, Can. (613-741-4333); Can. $150.
Reviews recent developments relating to greenhouse gas warming including
emission trends, the limitations and results of models of possible changes, and
empirical studies. Concludes that future emissions of gases are a great source
of uncertainty, but models and observations suggest a noticeable warming will
appear in one or two decades. Improved understanding is necessary for policy
decisions. Discusses precautionary measures for abatement and control of CO2
emissions, such as energy use efficiency and energy source substitution, and
recycling, removal, utilization and disposal of CO2.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations