February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1989
GENERAL AND POLICY
"Tropical Deforestation: Some Effects on Atmospheric Chemistry,"
T.J. Goreau (324 N. Bedford Rd., Chappaqua NY 10514), W.Z. de Mello, Ambio,
17(4), 278-281, 1988.
Fossil-fuel combustion and biomass burning are responsible for increased
concentrations of CO2, CH4 and N2O (three atmospheric gases which are major
regulators of global temperature and the ozone layer). The amount of CO2
released from soils is ten times greater than from fossil fuel combustion. A
stable balance of CO2 can be attained by 1) control of combustion sources,
possibly with a tax to pay for removal of CO2 released, and 2) slowing
deforestation and increasing productivity of tropical habitats with
fertilization and replanting.
"Oceanic Primary Production: Estimation by Remote Sensing at Local
and Regional Scales," T. Platt (Bedford Inst. Oceanog., POB 1006,
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Can.), S. Sathyendranath, Science, 241(4873),
1613-1616, Sep. 23, 1988.
The major carbon flux in the ocean is due to photosynthesis by
photoplankton. This article discusses a method for deriving an estimate of
primary production from remotely sensed data on ocean color. The quantity of
greatest ecological interest is the primary production per unit area of sea
"The Effects of Future Climatic Changes on International Water
Resources: the Colorado River, the United States, and Mexico," P.H. Glieck
(Energy & Resour. Grp., Univ. Calif., Berkeley CA 94720), Policy Sci.,
21, 23-39, 1988.
Examines the possibility that future long-term climatic changes may
exacerbate water shortages in the Colorado River. Evaluates and discusses
political conflicts and tensions that arise from reductions in water supply in
both the U.S. and Mexico. Makes recommendations for incorporating climatic
changes into international water treaties and agreements.
J. Policy Anal. & Mgmt., 7(3), Mar. 1988.
"Scientific Basis for the Greenhouse Effect," G.J. MacDonald
(Mitre Corp., McLean, Va.), 425-444.
Detailed analysis of tens of millions of surface-temperature observations
indicate an average warming of 2 ° C in high latitudes. Major climatic
shifts can be expected as the warming proceeds at an increasing pace.
"Living in a Warmer World: Challenges for Policy Analysis and
Management," I. Mintzer (Energy & Climate Project, World Resour. Inst.,
1735 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006), 445-459.
The timing and severity of climatic change impacts will be determined in
large measure by policy choices made in the near future and implemented over the
next several decades.
"The Greenhouse Effect: What Government Actions Are Needed," L.B.
Lave (Econ. Dept., Carnegie Mellon Univ.), 460-470.
The current facts support a program of energy conservation, emission
abatement, research, and periodic reconsideration that is far more vigorous than
current policy of the U.S. government.
"Policy Analysis, Welfare Economics, and the Greenhouse Effect,"
P.G. Brown (Sch. Pub. Affairs, Univ. Md., College Park, Md.), 471-475.
Welfare economics is not a suitable tool for formulating policy with respect
to the greenhouse effect.
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