February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 7, JULY 1989
World Watch, 2(3), May-June 1989 (Worldwatch Inst., 1776
Mass. Ave. NW, Washington DC 20036). In addition to the articles below there are
pieces on desertification and items concerning technological advances in plastic
and new government initiatives in Brazil and Canada.
"Sunburned Soybeans," C.P. Shea, pp. 9-10. New research suggests
that the debilitating effects of greater ultraviolet radiation on crop yields
will be compounded by enhanced levels of crop-damaging ozone at the earth's
surface. The stability of future world food supplies depends upon the efforts
taken now to protect the ozone layer.
"Plight of the Other Rain Forest," J.C. Ryan, pp. 10-11. Describes
disappearing temperate rain forests in the United States, Canada and Chile.
Suggests urgent reforms to protect temperate forests in addition to urging
efforts to save tropical rain forests.
"Eating Our Way to a Warmer World," S. Fine, pp. 41-42. Describes
sources of methane and its role in global warming. Without changes in energy
use, waste disposal methods and food preferences, human-caused methane
production will increase.
"The Greening of the Soviet Union," H.F. French, pp. 21-29. Soviet
citizens and leaders are waking to the environmental crisis and efforts to
reverse the decline may be critical to the success of Gorbachev's reforms.
"Cradles of Life," A. Durning, pp. 30-40. Advocates international
and national reforms to fight poverty and deforestation in the tropical
"The Past and Future Amazon," P.A. Colinvaux, Sci. Amer.,
260(5), 102-108, May 1989.
Natural disturbances (climate change, storms, flooding, erosion, fire) have
influenced the Amazon River Basin through the ages. But nothing in its history
has approached the catastrophic proportions of today's clearcutting practices.
Conversion of much of the basin to pasture land will result unless wise and
economic uses of the forests can be developed.
"Can We Repair the Sky," Consumer Reports, 322-324, May
A comprehensive overview from the consumer viewpoint. Briefly reviews causes
of the ozone hole. Explains what consumers, industry and government can do to
mitigate ozone depletion.
"Methane: The Hidden Greenhouse Gas," F. Pearce, New Sci.,
37-41, May 6, 1989.
Presents current understanding of the atmospheric evolution and current
sources of methane, and effective greenhouse gas that is increasing in
concentration for unkown reasons. The article is based largely on the Dahïem
Conference on biogenic gases and the atmosphere held in West Berlin in February.
"Plants in the Greenhouse World," I. Woodward, ibid.,
No. 21, 4 pp. Special insert in the "Inside Science" series.
Presents a glimpse into the 21st century of changes in global vegetation as
global temperatures begin to increase and patterns of rainfall change.
"Glacier Bubbles are Telling Us What Was in Ice Age Air," J.
Weiner, Smithsonian, 20(2), 78-87, May 1989.
Analyzing fossil air from glacier bubbles, atmospheric chemists create
scenarios of earth's future climate. Historical data show that increases in
lead, sulfuric acid and carbon dioxide can be traced to human activity.
Acid News, No. 2, 6 pp. May 1989. A special issue for
International Air Pollution Week, May 27-June 5, 1989 devoted to strategies to
limit climate change. For information write to The Swedish NGO Secretariat on
Acid Rain, Miljövård, POB 33031, S-400 33, Göteborg, Sweden.
"Strategies Against-Climate Change," pp. 1, 5. Addresses policies
on energy, forestry, CFCs and other important gases developed by the November
1988 Climate and Development Conference in Hamburg.
"Nuclear Power No Solution," A. Stirling, p. 1. Even if all
electricity were produced by nuclear plants, global warming would be reduced by
only 12% because of the contributions of other sources of greenhouse gases.
"Energy Efficiency Best," P. Svenningsson, pp. 1, 3. Discusses
opportunities for reducing air pollution through energy efficincy in the
transportation, industrial and residential sectors.
"Best Standards Everywhere for Less Pollution," M. Walsh, p. 2. On
vehicle emission standards in the U.S. and Europe and the UNECE's NOx
"Mission to Planet Earth Revisited: An Update on Studies of Global
Change," T.F. Malone, R. Corell, Environment, 31(3), 6-10,
31-35, Apr. 1989.
Presents analysis of work already accomplished by the International
Geosphere-Biosphere Program and the challenges that lie ahead in investigating
the interactions of earth's physical, chemical, biological and social systems.
"Methane--Bridging the Energy Gap," Options, 6-8, Mar.
1989. (Published by Intl. Inst. Appl. Sys. Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria.)
Findings from a recently released IIASA study suggest natural gas, methane,
may provide an energy bridge to the future, pending longer-term solutions to
energy problems. Suggests that the call for 20% reductions in CO2 emissions by
the year 2005 could be achieved by transferring to methane gas.
Great Lakes United, IV(1), Spring 1989 (State Univ. New
York, Cassety Hall, 1300 Elmwood Ave., Buffalo NY 14222). Contains the following
"Global Warming Is Ill Wind for Great Lakes," C.A. Zichella, pp.
1-2. Calls for personal and political action to slow the greenhouse effect.
"Toronto Pushes for CFC Ban," M. Campbell. The Environmental
Protection Office (Toronto, Canada) has proposed a three-year plan to reduce the
city's CFC emissions by 80%.
"Cooling off the Greenhouse," Discover, 10(1),
30-31, Jan. 1989.
Presents novel ways of countering the greenhouse effect such as large
orbiting reflectors that could direct extra sunlight to polar seas, or boosting
uptake of carbon dioxide by plankton.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations