February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 7, JULY 1989
Following are reports that have been issued by the International
Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A Study of Global Change (IGBP); several more are
in preparation. This major, transdisciplinary program was prompted by four
considerations: 1) a growing realization that biotic and non-biotic components
of the biosphere are inextricably linked; 2) human impacts on the earth system
are now comparable to natural interactive processes; 3) an appreciation of the
limits to habitability of the earth, and 4) advances in technology and science
make possible study of the earth as an interactive system. IGBP objectives are
to describe and understand the interactive processes that regulate the earth as
a system, the environment it provides for life, changes that are occurring and
the influence of humans. Priority is given to topics that will most likely lead
to prediction of global change on time scales of decades to centuries. Request
reports from the IGBP Secretariat, Royal Swedish Acad. Sci., Box 50005, S-104 05
Stockholm, Swed. (tel: +46-8 16 64 48). A newsletter is available (see
NEWS/RESEARCH NEWSLETTERS, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--July
1989); program news also appears in a special section of the journal Ambio
(see pp. 355 and 367, vol. 15 no. 4, Winter 1988-89.)
The International Geosphere-Biosphere Program...Final Report of the
Ad Hoc Planning Group (Rep. No. 1), 21 pp., Aug. 1986. An outline of
proposed details of the program, prepared as a basis of discussion at the 21st
General Assembly of the ICSU (International Council of Scientific Unions),
Berne, Switzerland, September 1986.
A Document Prepared by the First Meeting of the Special
Committee--ICSU Secretariat, Paris, 16-19 July, 1987 (Rep. No. 2), 22 pp.,
1987. Defines the goals and members of the four coordinating panels and four
working groups set up by the IGBP Special Committee.
A Report from the Second Meeting of the Special Committee--Harvard
University, Cambridge, MA, USA, 8-11 February, 1988 (Rep. No. 3), 42 pp.
1988. Includes reports of the coordinating panels and working groups, and
address list for national committee members from 20 countries.
The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A Study of Global
Change (IGBP)--A Plan for Action (Rep. No. 4), 200 pp., Aug. 1988. A
detailed program description, prepared by the Special Committee for discussion
by the IGBP Scientific Advisory Council in October 1988, proposing activities
and an action plan for each of four research components (terrestrial
biosphere-atmospheric chemistry interaction, marine biosphere-atmosphere
interactions, biospheric aspects of the hydrological cycle, effects of climate
change on terrestrial ecosystems). Common problems relating to the four working
group topics are discussed (global geosphere-biosphere modeling, data management
and information systems, techniques for extracting environmental data of the
past, geosphere-biosphere observatories). Also covers financing and interaction
with existing international programs and includes extensive reference material
such as namelists, committees and the IGBP constitution.
Global Changes of the Past (Rep. No. 6), H. Oeschger, J.A. Eddy,
39 pp., 1989. Report of a meeting of the Working Group on Techniques for
Extracting Environmental Data from the Past (Berne, Switzerland, July 1988).
Gives background and needed field work, laboratory techniques and data
interpretation on several topics recommended for emphasis, such as paleo records
of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, global changes in the Holocene, and
needs in ocean and terrestrial data.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations