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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d89mar30

"Are Atmospheric `Greenhouse' Effects Apparent in the Climatic Record of the Contiguous U.S. (1895-1987)?" K. Hanson (NOAA-ARL, 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway, Miami FL 33149), G.A. Maul, T.R. Karl, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16(1), 49-52, Jan. 1989.

Tests climatic records to see if there is evidence of an overall trend in either temperature or precipitation since 1895, or evidence of a trend in winter or summer precipitation for the northern plains of the U.S. Time series of these data were tested for constancy of the mean using the Spearman rank test and two-phase regression. Results indicate that overall trends are near zero. The only evidence for long-term trends is for higher fall precipitation during 1970-1987, compared to the remainder of the period, 1895-1969.

Item #d89mar31

"The Role of Atmospheric Chemistry in Climate Change," D.J. Wuebbles (Atmos. & Geophys. Sci. Div., Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., Livermore, Calif.), K.E. Grant et al., JAPCA, 39(1), 22-28, Jan. 1989.

Examines the importance of atmospheric trace gases that are radiatively active, or influence other radiatively active gases, in determining climatic change and future policy options. Discusses several major topics such as chemical interactions involving OH and O3 in the troposphere; O3 and H2O vapor in the stratosphere; feedback effects between atmospheric chemistry and climate change. No definitive studies on these interactions exist, but they must be understood to develop effective policy options.

Item #d89mar32

"A Tenfold Increase in the Abundance of Large Solid Particles in the Stratosphere, as Measured Over the Period 1976-1984," M.E. Zolensky (Planetary Sci. Br., NASA Johnson Space Ctr., Houston, Tex.), D.S. McKay, L.A. Kaczor, J. Geophys. Res., 94(D1), 1047-1056, Jan. 20, 1989.

Reports results of a survey of large solid-particles sampled from three impaction collection surfaces at about 17-19 km altitude during 1976, 1981, and 1984. Shows a tenfold increase in particles >>1 micro m diameter, which is probably due to an increasing influx of solid rocket exhaust and rocket and satellite debris. Presents detailed results of particulate sampling program. Suggests how modeling of stratospheric particulates might be refined.

Item #d89mar33

"The Need for Systems Research on Global Climate Change," F.B. Wood Jr. (Off. Technol. Assessment, U.S. Congress, Washington, DC), Syst. Res. (UK), 5(3), 225-240, 1988.

Unprecedented rates of increase in atmospheric trace gases and deforestation justify intensive systems research to help verify current and projected global warming trends. The climate system is characterized by multiple inputs, feedback relationships and nonlinear behavior that is often counter to intuition. This systems review identifies numerous uncertainties that warrant attention.

Item #d89mar34

"Greenhouse Effect and the Climate," P.D. Jones (Climatic Res. Unit, E. Anglia Univ., Norwich, UK), R.A. Warrick, Atom. (UK), No. 381, 13-15, July 1988.

The authors examine the possible climatic changes due to the greenhouse effect and discuss the issue of detection.

Item #d89mar35

"Chlorofluorocarbons Related to Global Environmental Pollution," T. Ibusuki (Kogai Shigen Kenkyusho, Tsukuba, Japan), Anzen Kogaku, 27(2), 64-69, 1988. In Japanese.

Discusses Montreal Protocol of 1987, manufacture and use of Freon, O3 layer depletion and its modeling, the greenhouse effect, the recycling of Freon and development of Freon substitutes.

Item #d89mar36

"Effect of CO2 Emissions From Coal Fired Power Plants--A Review in Perspective," K.M. Sullivan, Clean Air (Melbourne), 22(1), 14-18, Feb. 1988.

Discusses the global carbon cycle with respect to the impact on human activities. Describes the greenhouse effect and considers the contribution of coal-fired power stations to it. Discusses radiative gas monitoring, effects, and control.

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