February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1989
GENERAL AND POLICY
Slowing Global Warming: A Worldwide Strategy (Worldwatch Paper
91), C. Flavin, 94 pp., Oct. 1989. Order from Worldwatch Institute, 1776
Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-452-1999); $4.
Concludes that only a fundamental restructuring of the world energy economy
can prevent climate change in the next century. Moving away from fossil fuels is
essential, for they release methane and nitrous oxide as well as carbon dioxide.
A transition to renewable sources must start now and extend over several
decades, and will require strong government backing; the time is right for an
international global warming agreement, including a carbon tax to assist
developing countries. The study establishes international targets for reduction
of per capita carbon emissions: 3% each year in the United States and Soviet
Union and 1% in countries such as Japan; third world countries such as India
would be permitted an increase. Together, the goals lead to a 12% cut in global
carbon emissions by the year 2000, or 38% less than if society follows the
Solar Hydrogen--Moving Beyond Fossil Fuels, J.M. Ogden,
R.H. Williams (Ctr. Energy & Environ. Studies, Princeton Univ.), 123 pp.,
Oct. 1989. Order from World Resources Institute Pubs., POB 4852, Hampden Sta.,
Baltimore MD 21211; $10 + $2 handling.
This readable and well-referenced technical report argues that hydrogen
produced by electrolysis from solar cells is one of the few long-term energy
options for meeting the world's energy needs without contributing to global
warming or other air pollution problems. Recent breakthroughs in technology mean
that solar hydrogen can begin to replace automotive fuels within the next ten
years at competitive prices. The cost is soon likely to be low enough that solar
hydrogen can be generated in the southwestern United States and transmitted to
population centers by pipeline. Hydrogen works well in internal combustion
engines and other nations have developed hydrogen powered vehicles, but U.S. tax
policy is biased in favor of research on conventional supplies. Recommended are
several policy options including a U.S. carbon emissions tax, elimination of the
oil depletion allowance, and federally mandated increases in fuel economy
National Energy Efficiency Platform: Description and Potential
Impacts (Energy Efficiency Paper No. 2), H.S. Geller, 27 pp., revised Aug.
1989. American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), 1001 Connecticut
Ave. NW, S. 535, Washington DC 20036 (202-429-8873); $4.
Presents a ten-point strategy and energy policy analysis (developed jointly
by ACEEE with the Alliance to Save Energy, the Energy Conservation Coalition,
and the Natural Resources Defense Council), which would cut energy demand back
to levels of the mid-1980s, realize an 11% reduction in absolute carbon
emissions by the year 2000, and still allow for rising population, economic
output and living standards. These reductions cannot be achieved without strong
commitment by the Administration and Congress. The platform points relate to
topics including vehicle fuel economy, acid rain legislation, utility
regulation, advanced technologies, research and demonstration programs, and
building efficiency standards.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations