February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 2, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1989
The Impacts of Global Warming on California--Interim Report,
J. Anderson et al., 160 pp., June 1989. Available from California Energy
Commission (Public Info. Office, 1516 9th St., Sacramento CA 95814;
This first legislatively mandated report of the Commission's
Intergovernmental Relations Committee will be followed by a final report due
June 1990. After examining the scientific debate on global warming, it found a
high degree of risk that the state will experience a 1.5° to 4.5° C
warming by about 2050. Most of the report examines likely impacts to the state;
significant risk is found in the following areas: water resources (decreased
snowpack and summer flows, increased pollution problems); forestry (higher
stress from summer heat and dryness, susceptibility to fires, insects and
disease); rising ocean level (a one-meter rise would triple the size of the San
Francisco Bay system); natural habitat (reduced coastal wetland habitats, heat
and dryness effects on plants and animals). Less severe risks were identified
for electric energy demand, regional air quality and human health, and the
California economy; the effects for agriculture are unclear. The last chapter
outlines response policies to be evaluated in the final report.
Carbon Dioxide Reduction through Electrification of the
Industrial and Transportation Sectors, Energy Research Group Inc. (Waltham,
Mass.), July 1989. Work conducted for Edison Electric Institute; a seven-page
executive summary is available (1111 19th St. NW, Washington DC 20036;
Concludes that the use of highly efficient electric technologies in several
traditionally fossil-fueled applications has the potential to reduce carbon
dioxide emissions. Reductions in combustion products depend on relative
technology efficiencies and the mix of fossil and lower-polluting non-fossil
fuels used to generate electricity. A minimum reduction of 17% in emissions
could be realized in the industrial sector by substituting such
electrotechnologies as induction and infrared heating; an 8.2% reduction could
be realized in the transportation sector by substituting various electric
vehicles for those powered by fossil fuels. Additional research is needed to
further quantify technological opportunities for reducing carbon dioxide
Global Climate Change Conference: Policy Recommendations,
National Governor's Association, 59 pp., July 1989. Available from Off. Pub.
Affairs, NYS Dept. Environ. Conserv., 50 Wolf Rd., Albany NY 12233
Work groups at this meeting of scientists and public policy experts
formulated policy recommendations on energy, environment, investment strategies,
land use, natural resources, education and population. Scientific work groups
reported the status of topics such as sea level and agricultural effects. Major
recommendations include a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions and
elimination of CFC production by year 2000; fuel efficiency for new cars of 42
miles per gallon; establishment of strict technology-forcing emission and
efficiency standards; various controls on land use and building codes;
discouragement of coastal development; consideration by business planners of the
viability of investments in a warmer world.
Implications of Global Climate Policies, 14 pp., June 1989.
Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1800 K St. NW, S. 400,
Washington DC 20006 (202-887-0200).
Intended to inspire informed policy choices on the part of U.S. decision
makers at the July 1989 economic summit in Paris, this report maintains that
effective and sustainable action to deal with potential global climate change
requires a greater analysis of the economic, competitive and foreign policy
implications than has been undertaken. Economic and energy security risks
associated with a unilateral commitment are identified, as are outstanding
Drive for Clean Air: Natural Gas and Methanol Vehicles,
INFORM, June 1989. Bound book copies available from INFORM, 381 Park Ave. S, New
York NY 10016 (212-689-4040); $65 + $2.50 handling.
Compares the relative merits of two major vehicle fuel alternatives to
gasoline and diesel--natural gas (methane), and methanol, an alcohol
manufactured mainly from natural gas. Both can be made from coal or biomass.
Natural gas is found to have significantly greater benefits, including lower
carbon dioxide emissions. In light of the study findings, continued U.S.
government focus on methanol is unwarranted.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations