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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
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Item #d90apr122

CO2 Emissions Model: The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is sponsoring the development of an analytical framework for estimating emissions under different energy supply-demand scenarios and the costs of associated emissions limitations strategies. An initial application of the model, Global 2100, explored the costs to the United States of limiting emissions to 1985 levels through 2010 and reducing them by 20% thereafter. A global application of the model was recently completed. (See REPORTS/GENERAL, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Apr. 1990.)

Item #d90apr123

ANZAAS and AAAS: Global climate change was a major theme at recent meetings of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science in Hobart, Tasmania, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science in New Orleans. (See Nature, p. 683, Feb. 22, 1990.) The following issues of New Scientist report some of the presentations at the ANZAAS meeting:

Feb. 24, 1990, pp. 23-24: Global warming could shut down New Zealand's kiwi industry and seriously affect other fruit production; a new model developed by Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) cuts previous estimates of sea level rise under global warming by half; archeological evidence indicates humans will have little trouble adapting to a greenhouse world; scientists have detected a mysterious form of ozone depletion over New Zealand apparently unrelated to the Antarctic ozone hole.

Mar. 3, 1990, p. 30: Coral reefs should thrive in a greenhouse, but probably will not offset increased carbon dioxide in the air.

Mar. 10, 1990, p. 24: A comprehensive survey, conducted by U.S. scientists, of where carbon dioxide goes across the globe finds that the oceans are soaking up considerably more carbon dioxide the previously thought, and that there must be a major sink on land for carbon dioxide in the Northern Hemisphere.

Item #d90apr124

"Britain Must Learn to Farm in the Greenhouse," J. Gribbin, New Scientist, p. 28, Feb. 24, 1990. Martin Parry and colleagues at the University of Birmingham find that global warming would have both positive and negative effects on British agriculture. New policies must be developed within the next several years, not decades, to take advantage of possible shifts in production in Britain and other countries.

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