February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1990
Global CO2 Emission Reductions: The Impacts of Rising Energy
Costs, A.S. Manne, R.G. Richels, 35 pp., Feb. 1990. Available (no charge)
from the second author at Electric Power Research Institute, POB 10412, Palo
Alto CA 94303 (415-855-2602).
Using results from the EPRI Global 2100 model (see RESEARCH NEWS, this
Global Climate Change Digest issue--Apr. 1990), the authors find that, in
the absence of carbon emission limits, global emissions will not only increase
but the regional pattern will shift as developing countries increase emissions.
The recently proposed 20% reduction in global emissions would be hard to achieve
if per capita income inequalities are to be significantly reduced; a more modest
decrease is explored. The magnitude of carbon tax necessary to induce consumers
to reduce their dependence on carbon-based fuel is estimated to be $250 per ton
in all regions. This implies a five-fold increase in the price of coal and an
increase of $.75 per gallon of gasoline. International trading of emission
rights would smooth the regional differences in the time necessary to reach an
equilibrium tax level.
Human Dimensions of Global Change Program: Reports or information
from meetings of the following working groups are available in this program
sponsored by the United Nations University (UNU), the International Social
Science Council, and the International Federation of Institutes for Advanced
Study (IFIAS). Periodic updates are published in the IGU Bulletin;
general information on the program is available from the Tokyo Office of UNU
(Toho Seimei Bldg., 15-1, Shibuya 2-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150, Japan; tel:
(03) 499-2811) or the North American office (DC2-1462, U.N. Plaza, New York NY
Global Climate Change: Strategies and Response. About 30 energy
analysts, one-third from developing countries, met in Budapest, Hungary, in
April 1989 to develop a research agenda for reducing carbon dioxide emissions
and defining policy options. The 20-page report is available from the HDGCP
secretariat at IFIAS, 39 Spadina Rd., Toronto, Ont. M5R 2S9, Can.
Needs of the Most Vulnerable People and Places. A meeting with the
International Geographical Union (IGU) was held in Moscow and Irkutsk-Baykal in
Global Risk Assessment. The first meeting involved 25 scholars of
risk assessment at Clark University (USA) in October 1989. A meeting report is
available from Roger Kasperson of Clark.
Industrial Restructuring and the Analysis of Industrial "Metabolism."
Industrial change and sustainable development were the topics of the first
workshop held in Maastrich (the Netherlands) in October 1989. A seven-page
workshop statement is available from Frank Rijsberman, Director,
IFIAS-Maastrich, Proj. Devel. Off., Witmakersstraat 10, 6211 JB Maastrich, the
Legal, Ethical and Institutional Dimensions of Global Change.
Information on a workshop on international law and global change held in The
Hague, the Netherlands, in November 1989 can be obtained from its organizer,
Edith Brown Weiss, Georgetown Univ. Law Ctr., Rm. 447, 600 New Jersey Ave. NW,
Washington DC 20001 (202-662-9112).
Methods of Analysis, Modeling and Data Requirements. The first
meeting was planned for Moscow in March 1990.
Foerderschwerpunkt Treibhauseffekt (Major Research Goal
`Greenhouse'), Bundesministerium fuer Forschung und Technologie (Bonn, FRG), 54
pp., July 1989. In German. NTIS: TIB/B89-82245/XAB; $28.
Explains the present and future climate research funded by the German
Ministry of Research and Technology. This includes: long-term observations,
field experiments for process studies, climate models, and establishing the
validity of an anthropogenic climate signal.
Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect
(DOE/ER-0411), M.W. Firestine (Dept. Energy, Washington DC), 36 pp., 1989. NTIS:
DE89-012869/XAB; $13.95. Contains a non-technical review of the problems
associated with atmospheric carbon dioxide and the resulting greenhouse effect.
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (EPA/IMSD-89/001), 72 pp., May
1989. NTIS: PB89-207476/XAB; $15.95.
A bibliography in five sections: (1) overview of strato-spheric ozone
issues; (2) atmospheric chemistry and dynamics; (3) risk assessment for humans
and other organisms; (4) domestic and international public policy; and (5)
research on substitutes and alternatives for ozone-depleting substances.
Congressional Hearings: The following three hearing reports are
for sale by Supt. Documents, U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington DC 20402
(inquire for prices).
Global Warming: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Energy and
Power--House of Representatives--Feb. 21 and May 4, 1989, 177 pp.
Climate Surprises: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Science,
Technology, and Space--U.S. Senate--May 8, 1989, 152 pp.
Global Warming and CAFE Standards: Hearing before the Subcommittee on
the Consumer of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, U.S.
Senate--May 2, 1989, 343 pp.
Carbon Dioxide Releases from Fossil-Fuel Burning: Statement Before the
Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources (DOE/OR/21400-T379), G.
Marland, T. Boden (Oak Ridge Nat. Lab.), 34 pp., July 1989. NTIS:
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations