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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Atmospheric Radiation--A Selection of Topics, J. Lenoble, Ed., Atmos. Res., 23(3/4), Oct. 1989. The International Radiation Symposium, organized by the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics (IAMAP), was held in 1988 in Lille, France. This issue contains most of the invited papers and covers the following major topics: (1) interaction between clouds and radiation, (2) climate and radiation, (3) basic radiative transfer, and (4) remote sensing of atmospheric constituents. The following papers are included in this issue; those most closely related to climate change are annotated here. Extended abstracts of 170 of the 200 papers are published by A. Deepak under the title "IRS '88: Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation," J. Lenoble and J.F. Geleyn, Eds.

"Line Shape and the Water Vapor Continuum," S.A. Clough (Atmos. Environ. Res. Inc., Cambridge MA 02139), F.X. Kneizys, R.W. Davies, 229-241.

"Towards a Surface Radiation Climatology: Retrieval of Downward Irradiances from Satellites," J. Schmetz (European Space Operations Ctr., Robert Bosch-Str. 5, 6100 Darmstadt, FRG), 287-321.

"Effects of Line Shapes and Line Coupling on the Atmospheric Transmittance," D. Spänkuch (GDR Meteor. Serv., Albert-Einstein-Str. 42-46, 1561 Potsdam, GDR), 323-344.

"Non-Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in CO2 in the Stratosphere and Mesosphere," F.W. Taylor (Dept. Atmos. Phys., Oxford Univ., Oxford 0X1 3PU, UK), 363-378.

"Solar Irradiance Variability," C. Fröhlich (Phys.-Meteor. Observ. Davos, World Rad. Ctr., CH-7260 Davos-Dorf, Switzerland), 379-390.

"Microwave Limb-Sounding of Earth's Upper Atmosphere," J.W. Waters (Jet Propulsion Lab., Calif. Inst. Technol., Pasadena CA 91109), 391-410.

Item #d90jan37

"The Influence of Boundary Layer Clouds on Radiation: A Review," Y. Fouquart (Lab. Optique Atmos., 59655-Villeneuve d'Ascq, France), 203-228.

Reviews boundary layer clouds from two perspectives: as they are represented in climate models, and the complex interaction between cloud dynamics and radiation. Field measurements are compared with theoretical calculations. Emphasizes shortwave absorption, and considers the influence of cloud shape together with horizontal heterogeneities on the bulk radiative properties of cloud layers.

Item #d90jan38

"An Overview of Cloud-Radiation Interaction Studies in the U.S.S.R.," E.M. Feigelson (Inst. Atmos. Phys., USSR Acad. Sci., 3 Pyzhevsky per, Moscow G-17), 243-257.

Reviews Soviet studies of the radiative properties of stratified and broken liquid droplet clouds. Discusses radiative properties of cirrus clouds.

Item #d90jan39

"Effects of Radiation on Clouds," P.R. Jonas (Meteor. Off., Meteor. Res. Flight, RAE Farnborough, UK), 259-286.

Combines theoretical studies with observations. Concludes that, while the effects of radiation on the evolution of stratocumulus cloud sheets are comparatively well understood, some details remain unresolved. However, because of limited observations and greater coupling of radiative, dynamical and microphysical processes, cirrus clouds are less well understood.

Item #d90jan40

"Cloud Parameterization for Climate Modeling: Status and Prospects," D.A. Randall (Dept. Atmos. Sci., Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins CO 80523), 345-361.

Reviews current status of cloud parameterization research. Describes emerging parameterizations in general terms, with emphasis on prognostic cloud water and fractional cloudiness, and how these relate to the important problem of upper tropospheric stratoform clouds associated with deep convection.

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