February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1990
GENERAL AND POLICY
Our Changing Planet: The FY 1991 U.S. Global Change Research Program,
Committee on Earth Sciences, 60 pp., Jan. 1990. Request from CES c/o U.S. Geol.
Survey, 104 National Ctr., Reston VA 22092 (703-648-4450).
Outlines the President's $1.034 billion budget request for global change
research for fiscal year 1991; this represents a 57% increase over the 1990
level. Ground-based research emphasizes the role of clouds in controlling
climate, fluxes of greenhouse gases, resource responses, past changes in the
Earth system, and the role of human activities. Funds to initiate the
development of the NASA Earth Observing System are included. (See NEWS, this
Global Climate Change Digest issue--Mar. 1990.)
Global Warming: Administration Approach Cautious Pending Validation
of Threat, 44 pp., Jan. 1990. Available (no charge) from U.S. General
Accounting Office, POB 6015, Gaithersburg MD 20877 (202-275-6241).
Requested by the Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on
Oversights and Investigations (John Dingell), this GAO analysis finds that the
Administration has not yet established a national policy, defined agency roles,
or provided adequate guidance to agencies to effectively address the global
warming problem. Although the United States has placed itself in a strong
position to assert international leadership, in light of considerable scientific
uncertainty it has focused on scientific research and the formulation of policy
responses, while deferring specific new commitments.
A Compendium of Options for Government Policy to Encourage Private
Sector Responses to Potential Climate Change, R.A. Bradley, E.R. Williams,
Eds., Jan. 1990. Prepared by Oak Ridge National Lab. for Office of Environmental
Analysis, U.S. Dept. Energy. In two vols. (each over 200 pp.), with executive
summary (94 pp.). Available (no charge) from Richard Bradley, U.S. DOE, 1000
Independence Ave. SW, Rm. 4G-036, Washington DC 20585 (202-586-4759).
This report to Congress, requested by the Senate Committee on
Appropriations, identifies four broad policy approaches for private-sector
responses: regulation, fiscal incentives, information, and research, development
and demonstration. While fiscal instruments are probably most efficient,
reasonably efficient regulatory options exist which are more politically
acceptable. Specific policies are evaluated for five private sectors: utilities,
transportation, manufacturing, agriculture and forestry.
The Greenhouse Effect: Negotiating Targets, M. Grubb, Dec. 1989.
Royal Inst. of International Affairs, U.K. (tel: +44-1-930-2233); £10.
Targets for CO2 emission reductions, similar to provisions of the Montreal
Protocol, would not work because of wide economic and political differences
among nations; agreements to cut by a fixed proportion would favor
energy-inefficient countries such as the United States at the expense of
efficient countries like Japan. Proposed are national permits for fossil fuel
consumption proportional to population, which could be traded among countries
and possibly multi-national companies. (See Chem. & Industry, p.
811, Dec. 18, 1989; World Clim. Change Rep., p. 16, Jan. 1990; an
interview with the report author in Global Environ. Change Rep., pp.
1-3, Jan. 12, 1990.)
Energy and the Environment: A Policy Overview, 222 pp., Feb.
1990. International Energy Agency (IEA), Organiz. Econ. Coop. Devel. (OECD).
Available from OECD Pubs., 2001 L St. NW, S. 700, Washington DC 20036
(202-785-6323), $40; or 2 rue Andre-Pascal, 75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France (130
This is the first IEA report dealing directly with climate change, and
contains some of the agency's input to the February 1990 IPCC meeting in
Washington. Among the major economic and technical options identified for
reducing greenhouse gas production is a switch from fossil electric utility
plants to nuclear and cleaner fuels such as natural gas; taxes on fossil fuels
are also suggested. (See related articles in World Clim. Change Rep.,
pp. 25-27, Jan. 1990; Science News, p. 95, Feb. 10, 1990.)
Environmental Policy and 1992, N. Haigh, D. Baldock, Dec. 1989.
Commissioned by the U.K. Dept. of Environment through the Inst. for European
Environ. Policy (IEEP), 3 Endsleigh St., London WC2H 0DD, UK; $5.
One effect of the 1992 European Community single-market initiative in
Britain could be the imposition of a value added tax on electricity and gas
bills under the tax harmonization program; a next step could be a Community-wide
energy tax to curb greenhouse emissions. (See NEWS, this Global Climate
Change Digest issue--Mar. 1990; World Clim. Change Rep., p. 19, Jan.
Adaptive Options and Policy Implications of Sea Level Rise and Other
Coastal Impacts of Global Climate Change, 50 pp., Jan. 1990. (Workshop
report of the Coastal Zone Management Subgroup, Work Group III (Response
Strategies), IPCC. Sponsored by U.S. NOAA, EPA and Army Corps. Engin. Available
(no charge) from Dynamac Corp. (Attn: Roberta Wedge), DYNAMAC Bldg., 11140
Rockville Pike, Rockville MD 20852 (301-468-2500).
This workshop (Miami, Fla., Nov. 1989) considered the Americas, Europe, the
Mediterranean and western Africa; a second (Perth, Australia, Feb. 1990) will
cover other areas. Participants unanimously felt that the world urgently must
begin identifying, analyzing, evaluating and planning adaptive responses, and
that international cooperation is important. Nine general, high-priority tasks
are discussed, as well as numerous specific adaptive options (technical,
engineering, structural, biological and policy). Social, legal, cultural,
environmental and economic implications were considered.
CO2 and SO2: Consistent Policy Making in the Greenhouse,
D.J. Dudek, A.M. LeBlanc, P. Miller, 31 pp., Jan. 1990. Environmental Defense
Fund, 257 Park Ave. S, New York NY 10010 (212-505-2100); $15 ($7.50 members).
Based on data from the U.S EPA, industry and elsewhere; argues that
market-based controls of acid rain pollutants, currently in some proposals for
the Clean Air Act, could reduce the growth in emissions of the greenhouse gas
carbon dioxide in addition to accomplishing efficient acid rain control. The
approach would lead to improved energy efficiency, cogeneration and fuel
switching. By contrast, mandated control technologies such as scrubbers could
increase CO2 emissions.
State of the World--1990, L.R. Brown et al., 253 pp., Feb. 1990.
Worldwatch Inst., 1776 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington DC 20036
(202-452-1999); $18.95 hbk./$9.95 pbk., volume discounts.
Also available in 11 other major languages, this seventh edition of a widely
recognized series gives statistics on world resources and environmental
conditions. Several chapters cover policy responses to global warming, sea level
rise, water in the greenhouse world, energy strategies, and reducing air
Global Climate Change: Separating Science from Politics, J. Cohen
et al. (Nat. Assoc. Manufacturers), 4 pp., June 1989. Available (no charge) from
NAM, 1331 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, S. 1500N, Washington DC 20004 (202-637-3000).
Articulates the NAM's position opposing drastic, unilateral policy responses on
the part of the United States, and describes its own initiatives on the problem.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations