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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
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Item #d90may35

The following are the latest publications of the Association for the Conservation of Energy, representing 24 British firms involved with energy conservation equipment. A quarterly newsletter is also available. Contact ACE at 9 Sherlock Mews, London W1M 3RH, UK (tel: 01 935 1495); prices include postage to the UK or Ireland.

Limiting Climate Change: An Assessment of Global/Regional/National Energy-CO2 Scenarios, S.T. Boyle, 55 pp., Jan. 1990, £25.70. A compendium comparing six global, three regional and 19 national energy-CO2 scenarios generated by various organizations and agencies in a range of countries. Each is described briefly in a standard format which includes author, objectives and scope, range of options studied, whether economic analysis has been included, and any policy implications. Among the broad conclusions drawn by the author from the comparison: "business as usual" approaches all lead to substantial CO2 emission increases; no single technology (e.g. nuclear or advanced coal combustion) can control emissions alone; cuts of at least 20% are technically feasible by the year 2005 in many of the scenarios; and costs are often low or negative to achieve the first 20-30% reduction.

Solving the Greenhouse Dilemma: A Strategy for the UK, July 1989, £1.80. This joint study with the World Wide Fund for Nature claims to be the first to systematically quantify the CO2 emissions reductions possible for Britain--23% over the next 15 years. Reductions are estimated individually for the electricity, transport, domestic building, commercial, public and industrial sectors.

Item #d90may36

Global Energy Perspectives: 2000-2020, 1989. Presented at the 14th Triennial Congress of the World Energy Conference (WEC), Montreal, Sep. 1989; Proj. Leader J.R. Frisch (Electricité de France). For information contact World Energy Conf., 34 St. James St., London SW1A 1HD, UK (tel: 01 930 3966). See also article in Ambio, 17(8), 459-460, 1989, for discussion of this and several other papers presented at the conference.

Thirty-three WEC specialists from 18 countries projected the world energy situation under both limited and moderate economic development (ranging from 1.8 to 3.2% over different intervals during the years 1985-2020). For the limited case, CO2 emissions are 20% higher in year 2000, and 41% in 2020; for the moderate case the figures are 31% and 70%, respectively. No economic analysis is included.

Item #d90may37

Communication from the Commission to the Council on Energy and the Environment, European Community Council of Ministers, 50 pp., Nov. 1989. Contact Comm. European Commun., 200 rue de la Loi, B-1049 Brussels. Limited copies available from Tom Hutchcraft, Nat. Coal Assoc., 1130 17th St. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-463-2638).

This study, by the executive arm of the European Community, addresses pressing energy issues in a broad manner, examining trends in emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOx, and urging the development of solutions to emission of greenhouse gases by the Community's Council of Ministers and energy industries in the member states. Although there is still scientific uncertainty on the greenhouse issue, policies for reducing greenhouse emissions should be pursued vigorously at the Community and international levels. While no position is taken on the use of any particular energy source, energy efficiency and noncarbon-based energy sources are top priorities. (See articles in World Clim. Change Rep., pp. 23-24, Jan. 1990; Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 588, Dec. 1989.)

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