February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1990
Global environmental research in Japan will receive increased
emphasis in the 1991 budget submitted by its Science and Technology Agency and
the Ministry of Trade and Industry. Work to be supported includes developing CFC
substitutes, improving prediction of global warming, launching a new ozone
observation satellite, and studying the role of the oceans in climatic change.
In addition, the Environment Agency has opened a new Center for Global
Environmental Research at Tsukuba Science City. (See Nature, p. 783,
Aug. 30, 1990; New Scientist, p. 18, Oct. 6.)
The Center for International Climate Policy Research was
established at the University of Oslo following the Bergen conference on
sustainable development, May 1990. Funded by the Norwegian government and the
private sector, it will evaluate international legal agreements on climate,
cost-effectiveness and social impacts of response measures, and approaches to
technology transfer or financial assistance. The address is POB 1066, Blindern,
N-016 Oslo 3, Norway.
"Taxation or Regulation?" P. Aldhous, Nature, p. 412, Oct.
4, 1990. In the U.S. and Europe, opinions seem to be diverging on whether
taxation (market forces) or regulation is the best approach for limiting
emissions of greenhouse gases, with European viewpoints placing more emphasis on
regulation. This brief article discusses recent policy and research developments
relating to the U.S., the Netherlands and the U.K.
"Europe's Ministers Fail to Agree on Framework for Green Taxes,"
D. MacKenzie, New Scientist, p. 17, Sep. 29, 1990. Twelve environment
ministers of European Community countries meeting in Rome agreed that market
forces should be used for environmental goals, but disagreed on what those goals
should be. However, the European Commission itself restated its position
favoring substantial, phased increases in energy prices to counteract greenhouse
emissions. According to Intl. Environ. Rptr. (p. 385, Sep. 26), West
Germany's Environment Minister Klaus Töpfer proposed in Rome that carbon
dioxide emissions be taxed in his country at a rate of DM10 (about US$6.40) per
"[Japan's] Finance Ministry Announces Plans to Establish Environment
Tax," ibid., p. 361, Sep. 1990. New taxes will be levied in 1992 on
all stages of trade in fossil fuel products, from production to consumption, to
reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
"Pentagon Switches Funds to Environment Research," D. Charles,
New Scientist, p. 23, Sep. 22, 1990. A U.S. Defense Department budget
proposal contains $200 million for a Strategic Environmental Defense Program and
was considered likely to pass. It would fund environmental sensors on ships and
submarines, time on military computers for global modeling, and research on
alternative energy sources. Civilian scientists would be allowed access to
currently classified global environmental data collected by the military.
"Leaking Gas Mains Help to Warm the Globe," D. MacKenzie, ibid.,
p. 24. A report commissioned by the environmental group Greenpeace concludes
that natural gas leakage in Britain may contribute more to global warming than
burning the gas does. Also discussed is the position of British Gas on the
issue, and implications for changes being considered for European Community fuel
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations