February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 3, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1990
GENERAL AND POLICY
Responding to Climate Change: Tools for Policy Development, in
four vols., Oct. 1990. Published by Stockholm Environ. Inst., Box 2142, S-103,
14 Stockholm, Swed. (tel: 46-8-723-0260). A 28-page summary edited by Jill
Jaeger is also available.
Completed by an international panel for the Advisory Group on Greenhouse
Gases of UNEP, WMO and the International Council of Scientific Unions.
Unrestricted, global energy consumption will grow by 28-45% in 15 years, and
could double by 2020. Serious environmental and societal damage could occur from
resultant global warming unless temperature increase is limited to 0.1° C
per decade, with a maximum increase of 1-2° C above the preindustrial level.
Sea level rise should not exceed 20-55 millimeters per decade. The adoption of
currently available energy-saving technologies could halve expected energy
growth by 2005.
This Common Inheritance--Britain's Environmental Strategy (White
Paper, Cm 1200), released by Britain's environmental minister, Christopher
Patten, 296 pp., Sept. 1990. Available from Her Majesty's Stationery
Office--Books (P9D), Freepost, Norwich NR3 1BR, UK.; £24.50. A 36-page
summary costs £2.50. (See NEWS, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--Nov.
The Economics of Long-Term Global Climate Change, 70 pp., Oct.
1990. Available from Off. Public Inquiries (Rm. 1E-206), Mail Stop PA-5, U.S.
Dept. Energy, Washington DC 20585 (202-586-5575).
This interagency task force report, prepared to support development of the
National Energy Strategy, concludes that the costs of limiting CO2 emissions
will be high. Achieving stabilization at the current emission rate would cost 1%
of the gross national product annually, or $5.2 trillion per year world-wide.
Taxes on CO2 emissions would cause the prices of coal and oil to rise by 180%
and 70%, respectively. Response strategies to mitigate climate change include
regulatory reform of the utility industry, increased energy efficiency in
buildings and appliances, better transportation fuel efficiency, tree planting,
and limiting other greenhouse gases.
Carbon Charges as a Response to Global Warming: The Effects of Taxing
Fossil Fuels, xvii, 68 pp., Sep. 1990. To order, contact Natural Resour. &
Commerce Div., Congressional Budget Off., 2nd & D Streets SW, Washington DC
Since several industrialized countries have already adopted goals for
cutting CO2 emissions, similar action by the U.S. could advance these
international efforts. "Carbon charges," taxes on fossil fuels based
on their carbon contents, would provide an economic incentive to reduce CO2
emissions. Assuming that carbon charges would be phased in over ten years, with
final taxes of $60.50 per ton of coal, $12.99 per barrel of oil, and $1.63 per
thousand cubic feet of gas, the gross national product loss could be held to
1%-2%. Over the longer term charges could rise to $100 per ton with similar
economic effects. The doubling of atmospheric CO2 could be held off;
multilateral action would delay the doubling of atmospheric CO2 by 20 years.
Trends '90: A Compendium of Data on Global Change
(ORNL/CDIAC-036), 286 pp., Aug. 1990. Order from Carbon Dioxide Info. Anal.
Ctr., MS-6335, Bldg. 1000, Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., POB 2008, Oak Ridge TN 37831
(615-574-0390; fax: 615-574-2232).
Trends will be published annually to provide timely data to a
multidisciplinary readership of researchers, policy makers, information and
communication specialists, energy and environmental professionals and educators.
This inaugural issue provides graphical representations of data, background
information, explanations of observed trends, tabular summaries, and selected
references for each site or region of data collection. Contains historical and
current atmospheric CO2 concentrations; CO2 emissions data on fossil fuel
burning, cement production and gas flaring, some of which date from the 1860s;
and seasonal and annual regional and global temperature records of several
types. "Numeric Data Packages" for many data sets are also available
from the Center.
Reforestation to Offset Carbon Dioxide Emissions (EPRI EN-6910),
44 pp., July 1990. Order from Elec. Pwr. Res. Inst., Res. Rep. Ctr., POB 50490,
Palo Alto CA 94303 (415-965-4081); $25 (non-EPRI members, N. Amer.); $50
Mature forests should not be replaced by new plantations; to do so would
result in a large net increase of atmospheric CO2. However, a massive global
reforestation program could offset approximately 20% of anthropogenic CO2
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Index of Abbreviations