February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 8, AUGUST 1991
ENERGY POLICY AND ECONOMICS
Energy Pol., 19(5), June 1991.
"Conservation Potential of Compact Fluorescent Lamps in India and
Brazil," A.J. Gadgil (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Univ. California, Berkeley CA
94720), G. De Martino Jannuzzi, 449-463. Analyzes the potential of CFLs from the
standpoint of national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. Utility
subsidies are required before consumers will install CFLs, but this will be
worthwhile to the utilities. Technical and marketing barriers to large-scale
introduction are identified, and various policy options for encouraging CFL use
"Facts or Values--How Do Parliamentarians and Experts See Nuclear
Power?" R.P. Hämäläinen (Sys. Analysis Lab., Helsinki Univ.
Technol., Otakaari 1 M, SF-02150 Espoo, Finland), 464-472. Results from a unique
decision-making project in the parliament of Finland show that there are value
differences concerning nuclear power as well as different opinions about facts
and data, both among and between politicians and experts. This paper illustrates
how decision analysis was used to elicit these differences and to structure the
"Solar Hydrogen Energy Trade," C.-J. Winter (Solar/Hydrogen Energy
Res. Ctr., Stuttgart/Ulm, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80, Germany),
494-502. As the world comes to rely increasingly on solar power, solar hydrogen
will become irreplaceable as a carrier of energy from areas with high insolation
and for seasonal storage. Solar hydrogen will enhance world energy trade with a
product that is pollution-free, inexhaustible, renewable and low-risk.
"Politics of Electricity Production," T. Price (Seers Bough,
Wilton Lane, Jordans, Beaconsfield HP9 2RG, UK), Nature, 351(6326),
435-436, June 6, 1991. Despite its controversial image, the nuclear industry is
seriously addressing the issues of public concern, and a wave of nuclear
construction is likely to begin soon after the year 2000.
Energy Pol., 19(4), May 1991.
"Energy Analysis of Renewable Energy Sources," N.D. Mortimer (Sch.
Urban & Regional Studies, Sheffield City Polytechnic, Pond St., Sheffield S1
1WB, UK), 374-385, May 1991. The value and application of energy analysis to
renewable energy sources is explained in relation to concerns about global
warming. Ways in which energy analysis can complement conventional economic
evaluation are discussed. An extensive summary of the results of previous
analyses is given, and improvements in databases needed for new studies
"Renewable Energy: A Technical Overview," B. Sorensen
(COWIconsult, 15 Parallelvej, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark), 386-391. Outlines the
fluxes of renewable energy through the environment, and various conversion
tech-niques in terms of technological requirements and basic efficiency limits.
The current technological development of major renewable energy forms is
"The Third Energy R&D Programme of West Germany," H.-F. Wagner
(Fed. Min. Res. & Technol., POB 200270, 5300 Bonn 2, Germany), 392-399. The
new German energy research program for the first half of the 1990s will provide
a broad spectrum of technical options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
other environmental impacts. Nuclear energy still receives the largest financial
share, although it is less than before; both nuclear and coal technologies are
ripe for development by private industry. Renewables and fusion energy will both
receive emphasis with increased budgets.
"A Case for Alternative Transport Fuels," P.A. Okken (Neth. Energy
Res. Foundation ECN, POB 1, 1755 ZG Petten, Neth.), 400-405. Reviews the topic
in the context of greenhouse gas constraints. Fuel efficiency improvements and
modal split shifts could stabilize CO2 emissions from transport, but alternative
non-oil fuels will be needed in the long run. Carefully designed biofuel
schemes, hydrogen, and electric cars may be used; compressed natural gas and
methanol are possible transient fuels.
"Nuclear Power and Carbon Dioxide: The Fallacy of the Nuclear
Industry's New Propaganda," N. Mortimer (address in preceding entry), The
Ecologist, 21(3), 129-132, May-June 1991.
Presents an analysis of the entire nuclear fuel cycle to explain why,
contrary to claims of the nuclear industry, nuclear power is responsible for
much larger CO2 emissions than several renewable options and efficiency
measures. The need to mine and process progressively lower quality uranium ores
resulting from any major expansion in nuclear power would lead to huge increases
in CO2 emissions.
The Energy J., 12(2), Apr. 1991.
"The Cost of Switching Electricity Generation from Coal to Nuclear
Fuel," M.R. Virdis (Mineral Econ. Prog., Univ. Arizona, Tuscon AZ 85721),
M. Rieber, 109-134. The recognized cost advantage of Western European and
Japanese nuclear power over coal-fired electricity generation contrasts with
conditions in the U.S., where there is no apparent advantage. This analysis
adopts OECD methodology for European/Japanese practice and also replaces market
conditions with statist controls, for better comparison with the U.S. Little
advantage of nuclear over coal is found.
"The Cost of Australian Carbon Dioxide Abatement," R.E. Marks
(Australian Grad. Sch. Mgmt., Univ. New South Wales, Austr.), P.L. Swan et al.,
135-152. Examines the generation of CO2 emissions from fossil fuels in
Australia, and analyzes means to cut emissions from electricity generation and
road transport. Calculates the cost, in terms of growth foregone, of measures to
attain the Toronto targets for these sectors in Australia, using the ORANI
Environment, 33(2), Mar. 1991.
"Report on Reports: `Electricity, Efficient End Use Technologies and
New Generation Technologies, and Their Planning Implications,'" reviewed by
W.M. Moomaw (Ctr. Environ. Mgmt., Tufts Univ., Medford, Mass.), 25-27. The book
reviewed is a collection of papers from an international electricity congress
convened in Sweden in 1989 (T.B. Johansson et al., Eds.; Lund Univ. Press, Lund,
Swed., 1989). The reviewer recommends that the U.S. complement its energy
strategy analysis with an in-depth study by each utility, corporation, and
institution, to determine which combination of supply and end-use options best
meets their environmental needs.
"Boosting U.S. Energy Efficiency through Federal Action," E. Hirst
(Energy Div., Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge TN 37831), 7-11; 32-36. The U.S.
will enjoy the multiple benefits of increased energy efficiency only if the
federal government actively promotes energy efficiency through research,
expanded state and local programs, stronger efficiency standards, improved
regulation of energy utilities, and increased technology transfer to developing
countries. Details of these approaches are given.
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