February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1991
Negotiating a Regime to Control Global Warming (G-90-10), J.K.
Sebenius, 48 pp., Oct. 1990. Environ. & Natural Resour. Prog., Kennedy Sch.
Govt., Harvard Univ., 79 JFK St., Cambridge MA 02138 (617-495-1350); $20 +
Analyzes the process of negotiating a climate treaty (rather than the merits
of various policy options), based on the author's experience with Law of the Sea
negotiations and on the history of the Montreal Protocol. Discusses the likely
success of single issue protocols versus comprehensive packages, and the
possible mobilization of blocking coalitions in the First, Second and Third
Worlds. Suggests several approaches for overcoming such opposition.
Building an Advanced Climate Model: Program Plan for the CHAMMP
Climate Modeling Project (DOE/ER-0479T), U.S. Dept. Energy, 70 pp., Dec.
1990. Available from Off. Health & Environ. Res., Atmos. Clim. Res. Div.,
ER-76, U.S. DOE, Washington DC 20545 (301-353-4375).
The goal of the program is to develop, verify and apply a new generation of
climate models, using the best scientific and numerical approaches to
representing processes, fully utilizing hardware and software capabilities to
address greenhouse climatic change. Computational ability is expected to
increase by a factor of 104 over the 1990s. This program plan includes useful
appendices on the prospects for large-scale computing, supercomputing in the
DOE, and discussion of data storage and visualization. (See News, this Global
Climate Change Digest issue--Jan. 1991.)
Global Warming: The Greenpeace Report, J. Leggett, Ed., 554 pp.,
1990. Publ. by Oxford Univ. Press; £19.95 hbk./£5.95 pbk.
A collection of 19 essays concerning the science, impacts and policy
responses related to global warming, written by a group of experts sometimes
referred to as the "shadow IPCC" that was organized by the
environmental group Greenpeace. Argues that the IPCC failed to recommend
stringent measures to counter global warming. (See review by D. Victor in Nature,
pp. 361-362, Nov. 22.)
Global Warming: Emission Reductions Possible as Scientific
Uncertainties Are Resolved (GAO/RCED-90-58), 72 pp., Sep. 1990. U.S. General
Accounting Office (POB 6015, Gaithersburg MD 20877; 202-275-6241). Up to five
Examines federal research on global warming, identifies areas of uncertainty
and proposes policy options (both adaptive and control strategies) for
government and industry. A review of one British and four U.S. climate models
finds they are insufficient for reliably assessing effects of warming. Research
should stress better understanding of biological, chemical and geophysical
processes related to greenhouse gas levels, and better observational data bases.
Science and the Public: Global Warming Caused by the Greenhouse
Effect, J. Doble et al., approx. 200 pp., Dec. 1990. Public Agenda
Foundation, 6 E. 39th St., New York NY 10016 (212-686-6610); $25.
In one of three similar studies sponsored by the Kettering Foundation on
science and the public, over 400 U.S. citizens were surveyed on global warming
and then surveyed again after being exposed to information on scientific
uncertainty and views of scientists on policy options. Opinion moved closer to
that of trained scientists after only about an hour's worth of education.
Eighty-two percent favor the U.S. taking unilateral action; 70% favored such
action even if Americans would have to sacrifice more than citizens of other
countries, as did 70% of the scientists. However, Americans were unwilling to
make substantial changes in driving habits.
Climate Variability, Climate Change and Fisheries, M.H. Glantz,
L.E. Feingold, Eds., 139 pp., Sep. 1990. Available from Environ. & Soc.
Impacts Grp., NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307.
Participants in workshops cosponsored by the U.S. EPA and the National
Marine Fisheries Service developed 15 case studies involving commercially
important fish species around the world. These were used to estimate regional
societal consequences of global warming impacts on fisheries using the approach
of forecasting by analogy, in which societies' abilities to respond to future
change are estimated by their responses to past changes in the abundance or
availability of marine resources.
The Arctic and Global Change Research: Gaps Identified at the
Symposium, 1990. Available from Climate Institute, 316 Penn. Ave. SE, S.
403, Washington DC 20003 (202-547-0104); $3.
This short discussion paper, based on the October 1989 meeting organized by
the Institute in Ottawa, identifies research areas requiring priority attention
in the future, and outlines 23 specific issues on physical, biological,
environmental, economic and social topics. (A complete proceedings is
Driving Up the Heat: A Buyer's Guide to Automobiles, Fuel Efficiency
and Global Warming, 42 pp., Apr. 1990. Public Citizen--Critical Mass Energy
Project, 215 Pennsylvania Ave., Washington DC 20003 (202-546-4996); $5.
Assesses the potential for future improvements in fuel efficiency, and
consequent reductions in CO2 emissions, based on data from federal agencies and
other sources. Calls for a federal fuel efficiency standard of 45 miles per
gallon by the year 2000. Includes an analysis of fuel efficiency and CO2 output of all 1990 U.S. car models.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations