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ENERGY STRATEGY AND TECHNOLOGY
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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 7, JULY 1991

REPORTS...
ENERGY STRATEGY AND TECHNOLOGY


Item #d91jul77

Third Report from the Energy Committee: Energy Efficiency, U.K. House of Commons Energy Select Comm., Apr. 1991. For sale from HMSO (Her Majesty's Sta. Off.) Pub. Ctr., POB 276, London SW8 5DT, UK (tel: 01-873 9090). (See News, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--July 1991.)


Item #d91jul78

Available from Environ. & Energy Study Inst. (122 C St. NW, S. 700, Washington DC 20001; 202-628-1400).

Energy Bill Clears Senate Committee: A Wrap-Up of Final Action (on the National Energy Security Act, S. 1220), May 1991, 5 pp., $5. Also includes the two-page reports Federal Research and Development Key to Energy Future, and Government Role in Mileage Standards, Alternative Fuels.

Energy Legislation Summary, Apr. 30, 1991, 90 pp., $45. Summarizes 141 energy bills under topics including comprehensive energy policy, conservation and efficiency, fossil and alternative fuels, transportation, and nuclear energy.


Item #d91jul79

Available from World Resour. Inst., 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006 (202-638-6300):

Toward a Sustainable Energy Future: The Critical Role of Rational Energy Pricing, J.J. MacKenzie, 15 pp. Constitutes the May 1991 edition of WRI Issues and Ideas. Critiques the U.S. National Energy Strategy and presents alternatives that would lead to a U.S. economy with a sustainable energy supply independent of imported fuels.

Driving Forces: Motor Vehicle Trends and Their Implications for Global Warming, Energy Strategies, and Transportation Planning, J.J. MacKenzie, M. Walsh, Dec. 1990; $12.50 + $3 handling. Documents how increasing CO2 emissions are contributing to global climate change and gives future projections. Recommends measures that would lead to pollution-free, hydrogen-powered vehicles.

Reducing U.S. Reliance on Imported Oil: An Assessment of Alternative Transportation Fuels, J.J. MacKenzie, 10 pp., Oct. 1990 (no charge). An analysis using several criteria including global warming contributions finds that ethanol, methanol and natural gas offer no advantages over gasoline.


Item #d91jul80

Environmental Costs of Electricity, R.L. Ottinger et al., 750 pp., Nov. 1990; $35. Prepared by Pace Univ. Ctr. Environ. Legal Studies for N.Y. State Energy Res. & Devel. Authority and the U.S. Dept. Energy. Available from American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 1001 Connecticut Ave. NW, S. 535, Washington DC 20036 (202-429-8873).

Attempts to quantify, for the first time, the environmental and social costs of sulfur, nitrogen and carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. power plants powered by coal and natural gas. Compares the costs of power generation using coal, natural gas and nuclear fuels.


Item #d91jul81

Beyond the Petroleum Age: Designing a Solar Economy (Worldwatch Paper 100), C. Flavin, N. Lenssen, 65 pp., Dec. 1990. Worldwatch Inst., 1776 Mass. Ave. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-452-1999).

Technologies are now at hand that could enable renewable energy resources to supply more than half the world's energy within 40 years. To achieve this, the energy economy would have to become more efficient and decentralized. Major policy changes are needed, such as energy price reform, removal of subsidies so that fossil fuel prices reflect their full security and environmental price, adoption of goals to limit emissions of greenhouse gases.


Item #d91jul82

Short Term Options for Controlling CO2 Emissions of Light Duty Vehicles (SAE Tech. Paper Ser. No. 901111), D.L. Greene (Ctr. Transport. Analysis, Oak Ridge Nat. Lab.), 15 pp., 1990. Soc. Automotive Eng., 400 Commonwealth Dr., Warrendale PA 15096 (inquire for price).

An aggressive effort to improve fuel economy could hold CO2 emissions in 2015 near present levels. However, if present trends continue, a 50% increase in light duty vehicle CO2 emissions by 2015 is not out of the question.


Item #d91jul83

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Alternative Transportation Fuels, D. Fisher, 53 pp., Apr. 1991. Environ. Defense Fund, 5655 College Ave., Oakland CA 94618 (415-658-8008); $10 ($8 nonprofits).

Some new fuels that lessen smog and reduce dependence on imported oil could exacerbate global warming. For example, methanol derived from coal emits about 80% more CO2 than gasoline. Ethanol, produced from corn, contributes greenhouse gases through the high fossil fuel inputs needed to raise and process the corn and the high levels of nitrogen fertilizer that result in emissions of nitrogen oxide.


Item #d91jul84

Prospects for Reduced CO2 Emissions in Automotive Transport (ENR 90-15), J. Darmstadter, A. Jones, 52 pp., Aug. 1990. Resources for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-328-5086); $5. Examines how automobiles now contribute to global CO2 emissions and reviews the factors that are likely to shape future contributions.


Item #d91jul85

Driving Up the Heat: A Buyer's Guide to Automobiles, Fuel Efficiency and Global Warming, 2nd ed., 86 pp., Apr. 1991. Public Citizen--Critical Mass Energy Project, 215 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Washington DC 20003 (202-546-4996); $10. Ranks over 900 1991-model cars, vans and light trucks by fuel efficiency, impact on global warming, lifetime gasoline consumption and lifetime CO2 emissions.

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