February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1991
"A Renewable Future," C. Flavin (Worldwatch Inst., Washington,
D.C.), N.K. Lenssen, Environ. Sci. Technol., 25(5), 834-837, May
1991. Discusses past and future trends in costs of several forms of renewable
energy, concluding that the challenge ahead is only partly technological.
Political challenges are to overcome narrow economic interests and revamp
policies to create sustainable ecosystems.
Special Issue: "Energy Efficiency in Electricity," Energy
Policy, 19(3), Apr. 1991. Purchase single copies from
Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. (Journal Fulfillment, 80 Montvale Ave., Stoneham MA
02180; or Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK).
"Editor's Introduction," I. Brown (Assoc. Conserv. Energy, 9
Sherlock Mews, London W1M 3RH, UK), 195-198. Argues that electric utilities are
at a crossroads. They can either continue to act as suppliers of a commodity
(kilowatt-hours) and face the possibility of being ordered to reduce CO2
emissions, or they can move toward becoming energy service companies. The latter
approach will be the most profitable and sustainable in the forthcoming decade.
"Viewpoint," A. Kahane, 199-201. On the role of the consumer.
"Viewpoint," S. Weil, 202-204. On state utility regulations in the
"Viewpoint," W.R. Prindle, 205-206. On demand-side management.
"Electricity End-Use Efficiency: An Assessment of the Scope for
Efficiency Gains and Policy Options," G. McInnes, E. Unterwurzacher,
"Potential Energy Savings from Efficient Electric Technologies,"
C.W. Gellings, A. Faruqui, K. Seiden, 217-230.
"The Myths and Facts of Energy Efficiency: Survey of Implementation
Issues," F.P. Sioshansi, 231-243.
"More Efficient Household Electricity Use: An International
Perspective," L. Schipper, D.V. Hawk, 244-265.
"Evaluation of European Lighting Programmes: Utilities Finance Energy
Efficiency," E. Mills, 266-278.
"Promoting Energy Conservation in Small and Medium-Sized Companies,"
E. Gruber, M. Brand.
"From the Inside Out: Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Buildings
Sector," V. Norberg-Bohm (Kennedy Sch. Govt., Harvard Univ., Cambridge MA
02138), Environment, 23(3), 16-20, 37-44, Apr. 1991.
Assesses the potential for reducing energy use in commercial and residential
buildings, which account for 34% of the anthropogenic CO2 emissions in the U.S.
Includes several CO2 emission scenarios to the year 2015, trends in developing
countries, and U.S. policy options. The U.S. government should emphasize
conservation and renewable energy in its national energy strategy.
Energy Policy, 19(2), Mar. 1991.
"Viewpoint: Energy and the New Politics of the Environment," J.
Leggett (Greenpeace, London, U.K.), 161-171. The current predictions of the IPCC
demand a radical shift to a new global energy infrastructure; the long-term
winners in the energy industry will be those with the prescience to make changes
"Confusing the Issue on Energy Efficiency," L.G. Brookes
(Bournemouth, U.K.), 184-186. A vigorous rebuttal to D. Toke's previous comment
on the author's previous communication, "The Greenhouse Effect: The
Fallacies in the Energy Efficiency Solution."
On pp. 186-187: Correspondence on methane leakage from gas distribution
systems, impacts of economically justified energy efficiency and nuclear power.
Energy Policy, 19(1), Jan.-Feb. 1991.
"Renewable Energy--Great Hope or False Promise?" T. Jackson
(Stockholm Environ Inst., Box 2142, S-10314 Stockholm, Swed.), 2-7. The editor
of an upcoming series on renewable energy discusses the motivation for
addressing this issue and challenges proponents of renewable energy by asking:
Do renewable energy technologies offer the hope of providing clean, long-term
energy options, or do they present only false promises which will have no
significant hope of realization in the foreseeable future?
"A History of Renewable Energy Technology," B. Sorensen
(COWIconsult, 15 Parallevej, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark), 8-12. Renewable options
have been developed in some areas of the world; gives reasons for their
successes and failures.
"Least-Cost Greenhouse Planning: Supply Curves for Global Warming
Abatement," T. Jackson (Ctr. Sci. Studies, Lancaster Univ., Bailrigg,
Lancashire LA1 4YW), 35-46. Presents a methodology for comparing the
cost-effectiveness of different technical options for abating greenhouse gas
emissions (mainly CO2), and determines the extent to which each technology can
contribute to abatement by a specified date. Of 17 abatement options examined,
the nuclear option is the most expensive, except for marginal CO2 savings
achieved from advanced coal technology. A combination of energy efficiency
measures and high-efficiency gas-fired generation can achieve an annual CO2
savings approaching 285 million tons by 2005, a saving of 46.5% over existing
emissions from stationary sources.
"Nuclear Power and Global Warming," N. Mortimer (Sheffield City
Polytech., Sheffield, U.K.), 76-68. Nuclear power has been proposed as a
solution to global warming, but details of the proposal are typically vague.
When examined critically, it offers less than its advocates imply.
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