February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1991
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
Global Warming in an Unequal World: A Case of Environmental
Colonialism, A. Agarwal, S. Narain, 36 pp., Jan. 1991. Available from Centre
for Sci. & Environ. (CSE), 807 Vishal Bhawan, 95 Nehru Pl., New Delhi
110019, India (tel: 6433394); US$4 + $2 bank collection charge.
Presents an alternative analysis of data on national emissions of CO2 and
methane found in a recent WRI report (see News, this Global Climate Change
Digest issue--June 1991), finding that India and China cannot be blamed for
rising levels of greenhouse gases if their populations are taken into account.
Also questions WRI's determination of much of the data itself, arguing that
tropical forest destruction in Third World countries is probably less than
estimated, and questioning the estimates of methane production by animals. The
report proposes a system of tradable emission allowances and concludes with a
discussion of the role of Western mass media in promoting the WRI report, the
need for farsighted political leadership in the Third World, and the need to
combat global warming on the local level in India.
Project 88--Round II. Incentives for Action: Designing Market-Based
Environmental Strategies, R. Stavins (Kennedy Sch. Govt., Harvard Univ.),
Proj. Dir., 95 pp., May 1991. Available from Sen. Timothy Wirth, 380 Russell
Sen. Off Bldg., Washington DC 20510 (202-224-5852).
Sponsored by Senators Timothy Wirth and John Heinz, as a follow-up to the
first phase of Project 88 (Global Climate Change Digest, Reports/Aimed
at the New Administration, Feb. 1989), this involved over 100 specialists from
various sectors. It focuses on climate change, solid and hazardous waste
management and natural resource management. For climate change it concludes that
(1) international trading among nations of greenhouse gas source/sink permits
should be established; (2) revenue-neutral CO2 charges can be a practical
mechanism for reaching domestic emissions targets; (3) comprehensive least-cost
utility bidding and planning can be used to reduce CO2 emissions, even in the
absence of international agreements.
Climate Change: World Leaders' Viewpoints (WMO No. 748), 48 pp.,
Mar. 1991. World Meteorological Organization, CP 2300, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switz.
Contains interviews with several key participants in recent world meetings on
climate change: the presidents of Brazil, France, Switzerland and Zimbabwe, the
king of Jordan, and the prime minister of Malta.
Unprecedented Risks: The Effects of Global Climate Change on U.S.
Wildlife Resources, L. Marshall-Forbes, 40 pp., Mar. 1991. Izaak Walton
League of America, 1401 Wilson Blvd., Level B, Arlington VA 22209
Expected climatic change poses serious questions for wildlife that must be
addressed now to ensure their protection. Types of species particularly
vulnerable include those isolated in parks and refuges that may not be able to
migrate, and those with little genetic diversity. While we buy time by
stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions, policymakers and wildlife managers can
take steps such as tailoring existing programs to offer protection to climatic
change, setting up a clearinghouse for data and other information, and expanding
wildlife research and monitoring.
Global Environmental Change Regional Reports is a series produced
by the publishers of Global Environmental Change Report (Cutter Info.
Corp., 37 Broadway, Arlington MA 02174-5539; 617-641-5125, fax: 617-648-8707).
Priced at $200-$550, each report summarizes recent policy developments and major
scientific research programs in the subject country, examines implications for
industries, and includes lists of key contacts and copies of important
documents. Topics emphasized are climate change, regional air pollutants, ozone
depletion and energy policy. Reports exist for Germany, Argentina and Chile,
Australia and New Zealand and Canada; next to be completed is India.
Global Climate Change: Potential Impacts and Policy
Recommendations, 1991. Calif. State Energy Comm. (916-324-3015); no charge.
This draft staff report, required by legislative mandate, concludes that the
most significant negative effect of potential climate change on California will
be on agricultural production. Electricity demand would rise and air quality
deteriorate. Recommendations are made for reducing CO2 emissions from the
largest single source, transportation. Because some climate change is likely,
appropriate responses are suggested.
Sequestering Carbon in Soils: A Workshop to Explore the Potential for
Mitigating Global Climate Change (EPA/600/3-91/031), 1991. Copies available
from Mark Johnson, US EPA, Environ. Res. Lab., 200 S.W. 35th St., Corvallis OR
Synthesizes (for policymakers and scientists) a February 1990 workshop
sponsored by EPA involving scientists from universities, industry and government
agencies. Examines the potential for managing soils to reduce their release of
carbon and increasing processes which sequester carbon. Specific research
recommendations are made for quantifying the processes involved.
Transforming Technology: An Agenda for Environmentally Sustainable
Growth in the 21st Century, G. Heaton, R. Repetto, R. Sobin, 50 pp.,
1991. WRI Public., POB 4852, Hampden Sta., Baltimore MD 21211; $12.50 + $3
handling. A four-page summary is given in the April 1991 WRI Publications
Brief (World Resour. Inst., 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006;
With rising world population and standards of living, pollution prevention
is essential. Needed are environmental regulations that promote long-term
innovation and pollution prevention, economic incentives for clean technologies,
incorporation of environmental costs in measures of productivity, and mechanisms
for transferring clean technologies to developing countries.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations