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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



The following are discussion papers available from Off. Public Affairs, Resources for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington DC 20036 (202-328-5009). Available at no charge is RFF Research Digest, a new quarterly summarizing recent papers and activities on all topics.

Item #d91jun64

Equity and International Agreements for CO2 Containment (ENR91-07), D. Burtraw, M.A. Toman, 41 pp., Feb. 1991, $5.

Considers how different conceptions of international equity might be manifested in negotiations for limiting CO2 emissions, and examines the consequences of different a priori sharing rules which might serve as focal points for negotiations. Offers a synthesis of focal point equity theory and strategic bargaining theory in a "principal-agent" framework for international negotiations. Examines the question of linking the CO2 agreement to other international policy issues.

Item #d91jun65

The Economic Cost of CO2 Mitigation: A Review of Estimates for Selected World Regions (ENR91-06), J. Darmstadter, A.J. Plantinga, 60 pp., Jan. 1991, $5.

Discusses the most appropriate way of measuring CO2 mitigation costs and changes in the economy that give rise to these costs. Surveys cost estimates made by a number of analysts, including "top down" and "bottom up" approaches, and forestry options for controlling CO2.

Item #d91jun66

How the CO2 Issue is Viewed in Different Countries (ENR91-03), P.M. Morrissette, A.J. Plantinga, 49 pp., Dec. 1990, $5.

Examines prevalent views, and their implications for achieving an international agreement to control CO2 emissions, for the U.S., Japan, the other OECD countries, Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, and the developing countries (particularly Brazil, China and India).

Item #d91jun67

Lessons from Other International Agreements for a Global CO2 Accord (ENR91-02), P.M. Morrissette, J. Darmstadter et al., 65 pp., Oct. 1990, $5.

Reviews five sets of agreements on the environment, emphasizing the 1987 Montreal Protocol and the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution in Europe. Agreements were based on growing understanding of the environmental processes. Essential to their success was flexibility of meeting obligations, and broad participation in devising mitigation strategies. The role of public perception is critical.

Item #d91jun68

Innovative Policies for Sustainable Development in the 1990s: Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection (QE90-11), R.N. Stavins, 28 pp, 1990, $2.25.

Discusses several incentive-based policies: pollution charges, marketable permits, deposit refund systems, and government subsidy elimination. Describes individual policy initiatives for 13 problems including greenhouse warming and ozone depletion.

Item #d91jun69

Policies for Regulation of Global Carbon Emissions (CRM91-02), W.E. Oates, P.R. Portney, 29 pp., 1991, no charge.

Examines the pros and cons of marketable discharge permits and emission taxes. Although there are considerable obstacles to the design and implementation of these approaches on an international scale, they offer promise and should be seriously considered.

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