February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 5, MAY 1991
National Action Strategy on Global Warming, Can. Council
Ministers of Environ. (CCME), 60 pp., Nov. 1990. Request from CCME, 3rd Fl.,
Bldg. 30, 139 Tuxedo Ave., Winnipeg, Man. R3N 0H6 (204-948-2090).
(See News, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--May 1991.)
Describes a framework by which Canadian governments, in consultation with
stakeholders, can develop and implement specific measures. The national strategy
should have three components: limiting greenhouse gas emissions, anticipating
and preparing for potential climate changes, and improving scientific
understanding and prediction. The immediate goal is stabilization of greenhouse
gas emissions at 1990 levels by the year 2000 through a variety of approaches
for limiting emissions that should be planned within the international context
of policy initiatives, that emphasize flexibility, and that recognize regional
differences. The limitation strategy should involve consultation with all
sectors of society, contribute toward international conventions, include targets
and schedules for reducing emissions, and consist of a phased, progressive
approach implemented after considering implications and effectiveness.
Canada's Green Plan, 174 pp., Dec. 1990. Request copies from
Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ont. K1A 0H3 (800-668-6767).
(See News, this Global Climate Change Digest issue--May 1991.) The
chapter on global environmental security describes a 5-year, $575 million
program, most of which is devoted to climate change. Initiatives for limiting
greenhouse gas emissions include increased energy efficiency, new minimum energy
standards, development and implementation of new technologies, a major public
information campaign and an urban tree-planting program. Also proposed are
studying the use of economic instruments in achieving environmental objectives
and accelerating scientific research.
The Changing Atmosphere: Strategies for Reducing CO2 Emissions,
City of Toronto Special Advisory Comm. on Environ., Mar. 1991. Policy
Overview, 16 pp. (no charge); Technical Volume, 106 pp. ($10, except
to developing countries).
Presents 73 specific recommendations by which Toronto can economically
reduce CO2 emissions 20% by 2005. These include circulating Lake Ontario water
through the city's District Heating System (DHS) pipes for air conditioning;
expanding the DHS service area and upgrading efficiency; reforming the electric
rate structure; altering vehicle use; tree planting; and improving energy
Out of Balance: The Risks of Irreversible Climate Change, House
of Commons Environ. Comm., Mar. 1991. Available from Can. Govt. Pub. Ctr.,
Supply & Services Can., Ottawa, Ont. K1A 0S9 (819-956-4802).
This final report to Parliament concludes that action must be taken
immediately, beginning with a national program of greenhouse gas emissions
measurement and source identification, to provide a baseline for further
progress. In the long term, realistic and specific targets for emissions are
necessary; Canada should adopt a target of reducing energy use by 2% annually
until CO2 levels are stabilized. Energy conservation is the best near-term
strategy, although mechanisms such as carbon taxes and tradeable emission
permits should be given consideration.
National Inventory of Sources and Emissions of Carbon Dioxide
(EPS 5/AP/2), A.P. Jaques, 37 pp., May 1990. Available (no charge) from Environ.
Protec. Pubs., Environ. Canada, Ottawa, Ont. K1A 0H3, Can.
Quantifies all anthropogenic emissions (including biomass burning) for 1987
by societal sector and fuel type. Emissions are projected to increase by almost
40% from 1985 to 2005.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations