February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1991
Arctic Ozone Experiment. The European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone
Experiment (EASOE), launched in October 1991, will involve over 250 scientists
from most European countries, the U.S., the Soviet Union, New Zealand and Japan.
Coordinated by a secretariat at Cambridge University, they will make
measurements over the coming winter to refine understanding of ozone destruction
processes. (See feature article in New Scientist, pp. 49-52, Nov. 9,
1991; ibid., p. 14, Oct. 19; Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 569, Oct.
CO2 Disposal. The U.S. Department of Energy has solicited proposals
for developing innovative concepts that will utilize waste CO2 produced by or
resulting from industrial processes. Funding is expected to reach $1 million for
fiscal year 1993 and beyond. (See J. Air Waste Mgmt. Assoc., p. 1297,
Japan will join a 14-nation project, under the auspices of the International
Energy Agency and being coordinated by British Coal, that will study ways of "burying"
CO2 at sea. Japanese scientists recently discovered liquified CO2 1300 meters
deep in the ocean which had emerged from volcanic vents. (See New Scientist,
p. 19, Oct. 5.)
New Climate Institute. The Wuppertal Institute for Climate,
Environment and Energy held its inaugural conference in September. It has
received funding from the North Rhine Westphalia government for the first year
of operation, and will promote structural economic changes to mitigate the
threat of global warming. For information contact Raimund Bleischwitz, Res.
Coord., Wuppertal Inst., Doppersberg 19, D-5600 Wuppertal 1, Germany (tel:
"Small Island Nations to Seek Accord on Creating Insurance Pool to
Cover Risk," Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 561-562, Oct. 23, 1991.
Describes details of a proposal submitted for consideration by the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on a Framework Convention on Climate
"Pressure to Market CFC Substitutes Challenges Chemical Industry,"
J. Haggin, Chem. Eng. News, pp. 27-28, Sep. 9, 1991. Industry is
compressing its developmental schedule at substantial financial risk in search
of safe alternatives. Progress and remaining problems are discussed.
"A Global Experiment in Technology Transfer," R. Pool, Science,
pp. 6-7, May 2, 1991. Delegates from two dozen nations, at an international
conference to review progress in developing CFC replacement technology, made it
clear that technology transfer to developing nations has a long way to go.
Problems are enumerated.
"IPCC Reference Scenario Comes Under Attack," Global
Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, Sep. 6, 1991. In August a U.S. industry
coalition, the Climate Council, formally requested that the IPCC provide full
disclosure of the hypothetical nature of its business-as-usual reference
scenario. Since the council does not consider the scenario a prediction or
forecast, the estimates of future climate change based on it are also
hypothetical. This article discusses various views on the matter.
"Unease Grows Under the Ozone Hole," N.C. Nash, New York
Times, p. C4, July 23, 1991. The residents of Punta Arenas, a city at the
southern tip of Chile, at the edge of the Antarctic ozone hole are exposed to
increased ultraviolet radiation in spring. Jaime Abarea, the area's only
dermatologist is seeking funds for research on possible human effects. There
have also been reports of oddities such as flocks of sheep that recently
"Plan Presented to Curb Auto Emissions by Using Tradable Permits,"
Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 417-418, July 31, 1991. Britain's transport
secretary submitted a plan to the European Commission by which credits toward
fuel efficiency requirements may be traded among automobile manufacturers, as a
means of achieving CO2 emission reductions economically.
"Vehicle `Feebates' Become Policy in Ontario," Global
Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, July 3, 1991. In the first application of the
feebate concept in North America, the province of Ontario will tax most types of
vehicles but offer rebates to buyers of the most fuel efficient. A scheme closer
to the original feebate idea was nearly passed in California in 1990 and will be
considered next year. Unlike the Ontario plan, it is completely revenue neutral,
with fees on gas guzzlers balancing the rebates for efficient cars.
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