Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1991
ENERGY POLICY AND USE
Energy Efficiency 2000 Project Plan (ENERGY/AC.11/R.1/Rev. 2),
June 1991. From EE 2000 Proj. Off., U.N. Econ. Comm. for Europe, CH 1211 Geneva
10, Switz. (tel: +41-22-734-6011).
Describes a project intended to bring the energy efficiency of Eastern
Europe up to the level of Western Europe, through encouraging technology
transfer, trade fairs, workshops and other activities on technological, legal
and financial matters. Estimates that emissions of CO2 and SO2 in Eastern Europe
can be reduced by 20-25%.
Energy Efficiency, Developing Nations, and Eastern Europe, Intl.
Inst. for Energy Conservation, 1991. No charge from IIEC, 420 C St. NE,
Washington DC 20002 (202-546-3388).
Proposes a vigorous effort to increase energy efficiency in developing
countries that would cut the growth of global CO2 in half.
Energy Technology Choices: Shaping Our Future (OTA-E-493), U.S.
Congress, Office of Technol. Assessment, 156 pp., July 1991, $7.50. U.S. Govt.
Printing Off., Washington DC 20402 (202-783-3238).
A broad overview of energy choices facing the nation, requested by several
Congressional committees, that draws on past OTA reports and other documents.
Reviews options for increasing the energy supply and energy efficiency, then
analyzes packages of options that would be appropriate to meet national
Annual Energy Outlook 1991, Energy Info. Admin., U.S. Dept.
Energy, Mar. 1991. From Nat. Energy Info. Ctr., Rm. 1F-048, Forrestal Bldg.,
Washington DC 20585 (202-586-8800).
Addresses four alternative sets of assumptions concerning world oil prices
and economic growth rates and their effects on energy supply and demand through
the year 2010, under current U.S. energy policy. Among the results: natural gas
consumption will increase, and renewable energy's share of energy consumption
should rise to 11%.
From U.S. General Accounting Office (POB 6015, Gaithersburg MD 20877;
202-275-6241). First five copies free; additional $2 ea.
Meeting the Energy Challenges of the 1990s: Experts Define the Key
Policy Issues (GAO/RCED-91-66), 194 pp., Mar. 1991. A compendium of
presentations from panel discussions at a GAO-sponsored conference held July
1990. Examined emerging issues relating to energy supply and demand, energy and
the environment, and other topics.
AID Energy Assistance and Global Warming, July 1991. In 1990
Congress appropriated funds for the U.S. Agency for International Development to
pursue a global warming initiative through its assistance in energy and tropical
forestry. This report reviews the progress of the agency, especially in
countries where a significant impact could be made.
Energy Prospects: Vol. 1, 1991. From Business Council of
Australia, 10 Queens Rd., Melbourne, Vict. 3004; US$21.25 + $10.30 postage.
Concludes that Australia cannot reach its goal to reduce greenhouse gases
20% by the year 2005 without major costs to industry. Energy conservation and
other efficiency measures would enable the government to meet only half its
target. (See Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 328-329, June 19, 1991.)
The following brief reports are available at no charge from Policy
Analysis, Amer. Gas Assoc., 1515 Wilson Blvd., Arlington VA 22209
Methane Emissions from the Natural Gas Industry (Issue Brief 91-10),
6 pp., July 1991. A fact sheet summarizing results from the IPCC Response
Strategies Working Group, and several other recent publications.
A Comparison of Carbon Dioxide Emissions Attributable to New Natural Gas
and All-Electric Homes (Energy Anal. 90-5), 15 pp., Oct. 1990. After
comparing CO2 emissions from fuel extraction to energy distribution, finds that
using natural gas in primary residential applications results in less CO2 than
would electric appliances.
Potential Carbon Dioxide Emissions Reductions from Residential Space
Heating Conversions (Energy Anal. 91-7)
Natural Gas and Electric Vehicles--An Economic and Environmental
Comparison with Gasoline Vehicles (Energy Anal. 91-5)
The Role of Natural Gas in Offsetting Oil (Energy Anal. 91-3)
Advantages of Natural Gas Cooling in the Commercial Sector: Equipment,
Economics and Environmental (Issue Brief 91-5)
Potential for Carbon Dioxide Emissions Reductions in Buildings
(G-90-04), V. Norberg-Bohm, 143 pp., Mar. 1990. Request from Kennedy School
Govt., Harvard Univ., 79 J.F. Kennedy St., Cambridge MA 02138 (617-495-1400).
This is a somewhat earlier and much more detailed version of an article that
appeared in Environment (Global Climate Change Digest, Prof.
Pubs./Energy Policy, June 1991), which concluded that the U.S. Government should
emphasize conservation and renewable energy in its energy strategy.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations