February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 4, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1991
RESEARCH AND NEWS NOTES
"A Deepening, Broadening Trend," G.P. Brasseur, Nature,
pp. 668-669, Aug. 22, 1991. Discusses the current understanding of the causes of
a decreasing trend in total atmospheric ozone over the 11.5-year period up to
May 1990, observed recently in satellite data, and the scientific questions it
"Europe's Hot Air over Carbon Cuts," D. MacKenzie, New
Scientist, pp. 17-18, Aug. 24, 1991. The European Commission will decide
this fall how much it should commit to reducing carbon emissions after the year
2000. This article reviews results of studies contracted by the Commission in
several countries to determine least-cost methods for meeting both energy needs
and carbon dioxide limits between 1995 and 2010. See also editorial on p. 9, "Must
We Agree on Carbon Cuts?"
"Report Calls for Europe-Wide Tax on CO2 along with Emissions Trading
Scheme," Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 435-436, Aug. 14, 1991. The
report, Economic Instruments for Reducing Western European Carbon Dioxide
Emissions, by P. Kaegeson, was released by the Swedish Environmental Council
"Clean Coal Conferences Proposed for Three Countries," Update,
pp. 1-2, Spring 1991. (U.N. Centre for Sci. & Technol. for
Development--CSTD, New York NY 10017; 212-963-8435). China, India and the Soviet
Union, three of the world's largest coal consumers, are considering a proposal
to host a series of conferences on environmentally sound coal technologies,
organized by the U.N. CSTD. The conferences assume special importance in the
context of global warming.
More on Mt. Pinatubo: "Volcano Clouds the Picture on Global Warming,"
New Scientist, p. 11, Aug. 24, 1991; "Pinatubo's Impact Spreads
around the Globe," Sci. News, pp. 132-133, Aug. 31.
"Japan's New 'Earth 21' Program Draws Praise, Skepticism on Ability
to Curb Climate Change," Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 343, June 19,
1991; "Can Japan Put the Brakes on Global Warming?'" Sci. American,
p. 98, Aug. 1991. Japan's plan for technology transfer to developing countries
to reduce global warming did not receive much attention at the economic summit
in Houston last October. The Japanese government arranged a conference with U.S.
global warming experts at the Georgia Institute of Technology, where the plan
received mixed reactions.
"Greenhouse Warming Report Fortifies Congressional Moves," P.S.
Zurer, Chem. Eng. News, pp. 37-38, July 1, 1991. A House resolution and
a new bill seek to implement recommendations of the recent National Academy of
Sciences report. (See also Report section.)
"Can PR Cool the Greenhouse?" Science, pp. 1784-1785,
June 28, 1991. A new coalition of U.S. coal, electric utility and manufacturing
companies, the Information Council for the Environment (ICE), is testing an
advertising campaign for possible national use. Some environmentalists and
scientists think the arguments presented are misleading. (See also Nature,
p. 3, July 4; Global Environ. Change Rep., p. 7, June 7.)
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