February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1992
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
Trading Entitlements to Control Carbon Emissions: A Practical Way to
Combat Global Warming, Jan. 1992. Contact Frank Joshua, U.N. Conf. on Trade
and Devel. (UNCTAD) Secretariat, Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switz.
(tel: +41-22-734-6011; fax: +41-22-733-6542).
Developed by a panel of experts in the U.S. and Europe, this scheme
allocates entitlements for specific amounts of CO2 emissions to each country,
then allows free international trade of entitlements, similar to the sulfur
dioxide emission trading plan of the U.S. Clean Air Act. Discusses economic
advantages, benefits to developing countries, and application of the plan. (See
Energy, Econ. & Clim. Change, p. 15, Feb. 1992.)
Controlling Greenhouse Gases: What the Global Warming Treaty Will
Mean to You, Feb. 1992. Introductory price of $76 includes a 70-page update
of the 1990 IPCC scientific assessment, and a forthcoming summary from the June
Earth Summit. Doc. Editor, Inside EPA, POB 7167, Ben Franklin Sta., Washington
DC 20044 (800-424-9068, or 703-892-8500).
Assembled by the editors of Inside EPA to prepare businesses for the
treaty that may emerge from the June Earth Summit. Contains a large amount of
background information, and a summary and bibliography of key reports.
Back from the Brink: Greenhouse Gas Targets for a Sustainable World,
J. Karas, 37 pp., Feb. 1992, Ј6. Friends of the Earth, 26-28 Underwood St.,
London N1 7JQ, UK (tel: 071-490-1555).
Released just prior to the Feb. 1992 climate treaty negotiations, this
report concludes that to keep climate change within tolerable bounds, global
cuts in CO2 emissions of 20-35% of 1990 levels are necessary, with deeper cuts
thereafter. Cuts of 25-50% by the year 2005 may be required from industrialized
countries. Other targets specified include a reversal of forest loss by the year
2000, and 30% cuts in emissions of carbon monoxide by the year 2005.
The Regions and Global Warming: Impacts and Response Strategies,
24 pp., July 1991. Ctr. for Growth Studies, Houston Adv. Res. Ctr. (HARC), The
Woodlands TX 77381 (713-363-7913).
This statement, from a March 1991 conference cosponsored by several
international organizations, reviews impacts on various sectors, and emphasizes
that any internationally determined response strategies will necessarily be
carried out largely at the regional, national and local levels. There is a
danger, however, that regionalism could drive a wedge between groups with
divergent interests; ways of avoiding this divisiveness are discussed. The
regional concerns unique to developing countries are considered. (A proceedings
volume will be published this year.)
Saving Our Skins: The Causes and Consequences of Ozone Layer
Depletion and Policies for Its Restoration and Protection, A. Makhijani, K.
Gurney, A. Makhijani, 42 pp., Feb. 1992. Inst. for Energy & Environ. Res.,
6935 Laurel Ave., Takoma Pk. MD 20912 (301-270-5500), or Wilhelm-Blum-Str.
12-14, 6900 Heidelberg, Ger. (tel: 011-49-6221-47670).
Condenses the findings and recommendations of a three-year project,
supported by private sources. The first part presents findings on several issues
in need of solutions, such as the severe health, economic and environmental
consequences possible from ozone depletion, and problems with presently allowed
Third World use of CFCs. The second part describes three future scenarios
corresponding to the first and second versions of the Montreal Protocol, and a
scenario corresponding to the 14 specific recommendations made at the end of the
report. If followed, they would mean that ozone depletion would end about 15 to
20 years earlier than under the accelerated Protocol.
Soot in the Stratosphere: The Impact of Current and HSCT Aircraft
Emissions, A.D.A. Hansen (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley, Calif.), R.F.
Pueschel, K.G. Snetsinger, 17 pp., Aug. 1991. NTIS: DE92-000686; $17.
Soot, emitted into the stratosphere or troposphere, strongly absorbs visible
and infrared radiation, may act as condensation nuclei, and may provide large
surface area for catalysis of gas-phase chemical reactions. Discusses emissions
from existing and proposed aircraft and implications for stratospheric physics
Communicating Cumulative Long-Term Risks (ER-9110), R.J. Bord,
R.E. O'Connor, D.J. Epp, Oct. 1991, $5. Order from Environ. Resour. Res. Inst.,
Pennsylvania State Univ., Univ. Pk. PA 16802.
Public attitudes toward global warming and hazardous waste sites were
surveyed and respondents were sent informational brochures. A second survey
evaluated the effect of the additional information on attitudes toward these
cumulative, uncertain and long-term environmental risks. Over 70 percent of the
global warming sample initially judged the problem extremely or somewhat
serious, but the informational brochures had a substantial impact on opinions,
leading the authors to conclude that relatively simple communication either
raises or lowers the perception of risk.
Setting Priorities for Space Research--Opportunities and Imperatives,
U.S. Nat. Res. Council Task Group on Priorities in Space Research, 63 pp., 1992.
No charge from Space Studies Board, Nat. Acad. Sci., 2101 Constitution Ave. NW,
Washington DC 20418 (202-334-3477).
Argues that scientists and the nation must create an orderly agenda for
scientific research in space, based on clearly defined objectives, to ensure
that it flourishes and contributes to the national welfare and public vitality.
Among the space projects discussed are those for monitoring global environmental
changes such as the Earth Observing System and the Upper Atmosphere Research
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations