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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999



Item #d92aug44

Environ. Health Perspectives, 96, Dec. 1991, contains revised versions of 11 papers presented at the Nov. 1989 Conference on Global Atmospheric Change and Human Health held by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). Published by U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington, DC (202-275-2051).

"Global Atmospheric Changes," W.T. Piver (NIEHS, POB 12233, Res. Triangle Pk. NC 27709), 131-137. A background review of processes responsible for the greenhouse effect, air pollution, acid deposition and increased exposure to UV radiation.

"Anticipated Public Health Consequences of Global Climate Change," J. Longstreth (Battelle, 370 Enfant Prom. SW, S. 900, Washington DC 20024), 139-144. Reviews quantitatively the expected effects of ozone depletion and qualitatively those of warming, and their interaction.

"A New Approach to Evaluate the Impact of Climate on Human Mortality," L.S. Kalkstein (Dept. Geog., Univ. Delaware, Newark DE 19716), 145-150. Describes a synoptic climatological approach and applies it to data from St. Louis, Missouri, to evaluate heat stress and pollutant impacts.

"Global Atmospheric Change: Potential Health Effects of Acid Aerosol and Oxidant Gas Mixtures," J.A. Last (Dept. Internal Med., Univ. California Sch. Med., Davis CA 95616), 151-157.

"Mercury and Monomethylmercury: Present and Future Concerns," W.F. Fitzgerald (Dept. Marine Sci., Univ. Connecticut, Groton CT 06340), T.W. Clarkson, 159-166. Concerns atmospheric deposition and subsequent ingestion of mercury by humans through consumption of fish.

"Biological Diversity, Ecology, and Global Climate Change," P.R. Jutro (Off. Res. & Devel., U.S. EPA, Washington DC 20460), 167-170.

"Global Climate Change and Infectious Diseases," R. Shope (Arbovirus Res. Unit, Yale Univ. Sch. Med., New Haven CT 06510), 171-174. Identifies diseases most likely to be affected, such as yellow fever, cholera and Lyme disease, although effects remain hypothetical until more is known about expected temperature and humidity changes.

"Potential Health Effects of Climatic Change: Effects of Increased Ultraviolet Radiation on Man," F. Urbach (Temple Med. Practices, 200 Commerce Dr., Port Washington PA 19034), 175-176. Expected effects include increased skin cancers and cataracts, and possible alteration of immune function.

"Effects of Ultraviolet Light on the Eye--Role of Protective Glasses," F.J.G.M. Vankuijk (Dept. Chem., Montana State Univ., 108 Gaines Hall, Bozeman MT 59717), 177-184. Discusses mechanisms by which UV light can alter cataract formation and retinal degeneration.

"Metabolism and Toxicity of Hydrochlorofluorocarbons: Current Knowledge and Needs for the Future," M.W. Anders (Dept. Pharmacol., Univ. Rochester, 601 Elmwood Ave., Rochester NY 14642), 185-191. For most CFC substitutes, there are insufficient data on metabolism and toxicity. In vivo and in vitro studies on these properties are needed.

"Global Atmospheric Change and Research Needs in Environmental Health Sciences," B.D. Goldstein (Dept. Environ. Med., Johnson Med. Sch., Piscataway NJ 08854), D.J. Reed, 193-196.

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