February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1992
ENERGY POLICY AND USE
A Review of the National Energy Modeling System, Nat. Res.
Council, Comm. on the Nat. Energy Modeling System, Jan. 1991. Available in book
form in March from Nat. Acad. Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington DC
20418 (800-624-6242; 202-334-3313); $26 + $3 shipping.
The 16-member committee recommends that a National Energy Modeling System be
developed from existing models within the Energy Information Administration
(EIA), an independent, non-advocacy unit of the U.S. Department of Energy. Such
a system would be useful for analyzing various energy scenarios and policy
options in terms of economic, environmental and national security impacts.
Development should focus on the intermediate future (2-25 years), and involve
cooperation between the EIA and various public and private groups. Other
recommendations are made for timing, management and design.
Saving Energy and Reducing CO2 with Electricity--Estimates of
Potential (EPRI CU-7440), Elec. Power Res. Inst., 148 pp., Oct. 1991. Res.
Reports Ctr., POB 50490, Palo Alto CA 94303 (415-965-4081); $200 (EPRI
Analysis of energy scenarios through the year 2010 shows that with "beneficial
electrification" (whereby new and enhanced electric end use replaces
inefficient fossil fuel end use), and electric efficiency measures, U.S.
electric energy consumption could be reduced by 28% and U.S. CO2 emissions from
electricity generation by 26%.
Utility Demand-Side Management Programs Can Reduce Electricity Use
(GAO/RCED-92-13), 60 pp., Oct. 1991. U.S. General Accounting Office (POB 6015,
Gaithersburg MD 20877; 202-275-6241). First five copies free; additional $2
Examines (1) the potential for utility sponsored demand-side management
programs to cut future electricity demand; (2) impediments to the effectiveness
of such programs; and (3) efforts by utilities, states and federal
power-marketing agencies to encourage efficient electricity use.
The Sense and Nonsense of Energy Conservation (Contemp. Issues
Ser. 45), R.B. McKenzie, 18 pp., Oct. 1991. No charge from Ctr. Study Amer.
Business, Campus Box 1208, Washington Univ., St. Louis MO 63130 (314-935-5630).
This abbreviated version of a paper published by the American Petroleum
Institute questions the need for an energy conservation policy to lessen
America's dependence on foreign oil, and finds that markets provide the best
mechanism for protecting resources and the environment. The worst enemy of the
environment is not oil, energy or the market system, but poverty, as evidenced
by the formerly socialist economies.
Environmental Issues in Planning Building Energy Technologies R&D
in the United States (PNL-SA-19657), B.C. Farhar (Battelle Pacific NW Labs,
Richland, Wash.), F.H. Abel et al., 31 pp., Aug. 1991. NTIS: DE92-000392;
A conference paper presented at a symposium on energy and environment
(Espoo, Finland, Aug. 1991) describing projects of the U.S. Department of Energy
that investigate the impact of building energy use on the environment. Three
types of projects have been funded: incorporating the cost of externalities into
utility electricity generation; CFC substitutes for refrigeration equipment; and
indoor air quality.
Analyzing U.S. Transportation Efficiency Standards, beyond the
National Energy Strategy (NES) (PNL-SA-19822), J.M. Callaway (Battelle
Pacific NW Labs, Richland, Wash.), J.A. Edmonds, 26 pp., Aug. 1991. NTIS:
Conference paper which analyzes the effects of imposing CAFE standards in
conjunction with actions contained in the President's NES. Finds that additional
effects on emissions, energy use and global warming potential are small, because
substantial reductions are achieved in the NES by the use of electric vehicles,
methanol and natural gas.
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