February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1992
Obtain from Org. for Intl. Cooperation & Development (OECD) Publications
Ctr., 2001 L St. NW, S-700, Washington DC 20036 (202-785-6323), or OECD, 2 rue
André-Pascal, 75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France.
Energy Efficiency and the Environment, Intl. Energy Agency, 239
pp., Dec. 1991; $48.
Evaluates the potential for increased energy efficiency in IEA countries,
and the corresponding environmental benefits, particularly with respect to CO2
emissions. Examines in detail the technical, economic, regulatory and market
factors likely to determine the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency
improvements in a range of end-use sectors. Assesses the macroeconomic impact of
measures designed to accelerate the penetration of energy efficient
technologies, using data available for some IEA countries. The extent to which
increased efficiency reduces CO2 emissions depends on the extent to which
efficiency improvements are actually translated into reductions in energy demand
by consumer behavior. The costs of policy measures for encouraging efficiency
improvements must be carefully assessed. More reliable information of the sort
that can only be obtained by extensive, regular surveying is needed in many IEA
Meeting of OECD Ministers on Environment and Development--Policy
Statement, 9 pp., Dec. 1991; no charge.
(See News, this GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE DIGEST issue--Jan. 1992.)
Sustainable development world-wide is one of OECD's central objectives; market
forces alone cannot address widespread needs--government action is also needed.
Most OECD countries have decided to stabilize CO2 emissions at 1990 levels by
about the year 2000; other OECD members are urged to do likewise. The statement
also discusses responsibilities of non-OECD countries, financial and
technological aid to developing countries, trade, the role of the private
sector, and UNCED '92.
OECD Economic Surveys: United States 1991, approx. 150 pp., Dec.
Estimates that environmental regulation has cost the U.S. 2.0-2.5% of gross
national product annually, a fraction that could rise in the future. However,
greater use of market mechanisms such as taxes and tradeable permits could
reduce the costs of attaining environmental goals. This is particularly the case
with energy policy. U.S. energy taxes are low compared to other OECD countries,
and increased energy prices merit consideration as one approach to attaining
environmental and energy security goals.
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Index of Abbreviations