February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 7, JULY 1992
GENERAL INTEREST AND POLICY
1992 Supplement: Scientific Assessment of Climate Change
(summary), IPCC Working Group I, 24 pp., Feb. 1992, no charge. Request from
Shelagh Varney, Meteor. Off., Hadley Ctr., London Rd., Bracknell RG12 2SY, UK
(tel: +44-344-856888; fax: +44-344-856912).
This is a typeset, more finished version of the text previously listed (in
Reports, May 1992) as available from the World Meteorological Organization in
Geneva. Also published in a 200-page edition including supporting scientific
material. (See Books, this issue--July 1992.)
Global Warming: The Benefits of Emission Abatement, Org. for
Econ. Coop. & Devel. (OECD), 70 pp., 1992, $15/F60. OECD Pubs., 2001 L St.
NW, S-700, Washington DC 20036 (202-785-6323); or OECD, 2, rue André-Pascal,
75775 Paris Cedex 16, France (tel: 33-1 45-24-82-00); or other OECD outlets.
Develops a conceptual framework for analyzing benefits, emphasizing how
global warming will affect each country differently and how its potential
impacts on society are difficult to capture using traditional economic measures.
Environmental factors such as species diversity, human amenity and morbidity are
especially important, as are the timing of impacts, levels of response and
questions of equity. Makes new estimates of prospective damages (primarily for
the U.S.) based on a survey of existing literature, finding they are probably
greater than those suggested by previous studies, especially considered over the
long term. To provide more reliable cost-benefit analyses, research emphasis
should shift from costs of policy action to their benefits.
Cool Tools: State and Local Policy Options to Confront a Changing
Climate, P. Wexler, Ed., 96 pp., Mar. 1992. Univ. Maryland Ctr. for Global
Change, Exec. Bldg., S. 401, 7100 Baltimore Ave., College Pk. MD 20740
Presents some results from a database being assembled by the Center,
summarizing or describing policy initiatives--enacted, defeated and
considered--arranged by areas of activity relevant to emissions abatement (state
energy offices, state procurement, utility regulation, transportation, land use
planning, energy taxes). Proposals are selected to demonstrate the range of
innovation offered, rather than the most recent or successful.
Preparing U.S. Agriculture for Global Climate Change, Council for
Agric. Sci. & Technol. (CAST), June 1992. Full report $15; 8-page summary $3
from CAST, 137 Lynn Ave., Ames IA 50010 (515-292-2125).
An 11-member panel studied how U.S. farming and forestry could prepare
within a few decades to sustain more production while emitting less, and storing
more, greenhouse gases. The history of technological change in U.S. agriculture
shows that it has great capacity to adjust to climate change if agricultural
research and the adoption of new technology are encouraged. Water availability,
which will decline regardless of whether climate changes, will play a key role.
The greatest opportunity for U.S. agriculture to help mitigate climate change
lies in storing carbon in soil and trees and displacing fossil fuel with biomass
sources of energy.
Global Warming Research: Learning from NAPAP's Mistakes, E.S.
Rubin, 26-page booklet, July 1992, no charge. Ctr. Study Amer. Business, Campus
Box 1208, Washington Univ., St. Louis MI 63130 (314-935-5630).
As was the case with the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program,
currently planned U.S. global change research will do little to answer the
questions most important to policy makers in the coming decade, such as the
potential ecological, economic or human health impacts, and the economic
consequences of stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions. A program of integrated
assessments by multidisciplinary teams could help this problem.
Growing Trees: A Least-Cost Approach to Cool Global Warming,
30-page exec. summary, July 1992, no charge. Ctr. for Clean Air Policy, 444 N.
Capitol St., S. 602, Washington DC 20001 (202-624-7709).
Gives results (which have broad applicability) of a year-long study on the
use of trees and other options to offset CO2 emissions at an electric utility
plant in Ohio. Emissions can be offset 20% with increased cost to consumers of
only 2%, using trees and coalbed methane recovery. Global warming policies
should ensure that utilities have flexibility in molding compliance strategies.
Human & Ecosystem Health: Canadian Perspectives, Canadian Action,
1992, Can$10. Can. Public Health Assoc. (CPHA), 400-1565 Carling Ave., Ottawa,
Ont. K1Z 8R1, Can. (613-725-3769).
An overview of issues related to sustainable development and improved health
by an ad hoc task force of CPHA, which includes specific recommendations on
climate change, resource depletion and ecosystem contamination.
Global Pollution from Jet Aircraft Could Increase in the Future
(GAO/RCED-92-72), 28 pp., Jan. 1992, single copies free. U.S. General
Accounting Office, POB 6015, Gaithersburg MD 20877 (202-275-6241).
Evaluates present and future contributions to ground-level and global
pollution by jet aircraft, and the roles of various federal agencies in
controlling those emissions. Nitrogen oxides could have a significant impact on
stratospheric ozone depletion in the future, if the number of aircraft increases
as expected in the absence of compensating technological developments.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations