February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 7, JULY 1992
SEA LEVEL IMPACTS
"The Socio-Economic Impact of Sea Level Rise on the Netherlands: A
Study of Possible Scenarios," M.G.J. den Elzen (RIVM, POB 1, 3720
Bilthoven, Neth.), J. Rotmans, Clim. Change, 20(3), 169-195,
Used a computer model that calculates the impact of greenhouse gas emissions
on global temperature and sea level rise to generate four sets of scenarios
based on differences in economic growth, energy use, and other factors.
Estimates the resulting costs of coastal defense and water management in the
"Sea Level Rise on the South Carolina Coast. 2. Case Studies for
2100," R.C. Daniels (Environ. Sci. Div., Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., POB 2008, Oak
Ridge TN 37831), J. Coastal Res., 8(1), 56-70, Winter 1992.
Possible future sea level rise may affect the state's coastline through
inundation of low-lying areas, increased erosion from increased wave heights and
increased frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones. Four sea level rise
scenarios were applied to a specific section of the coast to measure the amount
of land that would be permanently lost to the sea.
"Effects of Sea Level Rise on Bays and Estuaries," ASCE Task
Comm. on Sea Level Rise and Its Effects on Bays and Estuaries (N. Kobayashi,
Chair, Dept. Civil Eng., Univ. Delaware, Newark DE 19716), J. Hydrol. Eng.,
118(1), 1-10, Jan. 1992.
This review of current knowledge shows that hydraulic processes, such as
tidal range, prism and currents, salinity intrusion and sedimentation, will be
modified. Bays and estuaries will show changes in shoreline position, land
flooding and wetlands. Effects on engineering projects will vary widely.
Management policies for dealing with resulting problems are addressed.
"Sea Level Rise, Nearshore Fisheries and the Fishing Industry,"
T.E. Bigford (Natl. Marine Fisheries Serv., 1 Blackburn Dr., Gloucester MA
10930), Coastal Mgmt., 19(4), 417-437, 1991.
Summarizes predicted sea level changes, forecasts possible short- and
long-term effects on fish habitats, valued estuarine and coastal species, and
fishing industry sectors. Recommends specific actions to maintain a viable
fishing industry, emphasizing the U.S. Atlantic coast. Some short-term changes
could be beneficial, but the long-term implications for most sectors are more
negative than positive.
"The Coastal Environment: Managing Sea Level Rise. How Can We Help
Ecosystems Adapt to New Conditions along the Coast?" F. MacGuire (Environ.
Risk Assess., Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), J. Barkham, ECOS,
12(2), 22-26, Spring 1991. (Brit. Assoc. of Nature, 36 Kingfisher Ct.,
Hambridge Rd., Newbury, Berks. RG14 5SJ, UK)
Discusses the dilemma facing nature reserves in Britain posed by possible
climate change. The practical solution should probably be a compromise, with
conservation organizations managing their reserves to help ecosystems respond to
the changing climate.
"The Vulnerability of the False Bay Coastline to the Projected Rise
in Sea Level," P. Hughes (Dept. Oceanog., Univ. Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700,
S. Africa), G.B. Brundrit, Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Africa, 47(4-5),
519-534, 1991. Identifies likely sensitive areas of this segment of the South
African coast, in terms of coastal erosion, flood risk and waterlogging.
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