February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 5, MAY 1992
Alternative energy future: A major study released by three U.S.
energy associations concludes that substantial emissions reductions and
increased employment in the U.S. energy industry can be achieved, without
federal intervention in the marketplace. (See An Alternative Energy Future,
Reports/Emission Reduction Analyses, this GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE DIGEST issue--May
GATT agreement: As the Uruguay round of negotiations on the General
Agreement on Tariffs and Trade nears an end, U.S. environmentalists are
concerned that the draft agreement will undermine American laws on environmental
protection, or even international agreements such as the Montreal Protocol. (See
World Watch article in Periodicals/General Interest, this GLOBAL
CLIMATE CHANGE DIGEST issue--May 1992; New Scientist, p. 16, Feb.
15; Global Environ. Change Rep., p. 4, Feb. 14; Chem. & Indus.,
p. 125, Feb. 17.)
"How Much Green in the Greenhouse?" C. Anderson, Nature,
p. 369, Apr. 2, 1992. The uncertainty over greenhouse warming has prompted
several outspoken scientists on both sides of the issue to join the lecture
circuit, where they are willing to go beyond the usual caution of science into
outright advocacy. The lecture earnings of Patrick Michaels, Robert Balling,
Stephen Schneider and Michael Oppenheimer are discussed, and how such vocal
advocates affect the press.
"Maryland Adopts `Feebates' for Automobiles," Global
Environ. Change Rep., p. 4, Apr. 24, 1992. Maryland became the first state
to adopt a "feebate" system to encourage fuel-efficient automobiles,
pending expected approval by its governor. A flat surcharge of $100 will be
imposed on cars that get less than 21 miles per gallon, and a credit given for
those exceeding 35 mpg.
"Grain Yields Tumble in Greenhouse World," F. Pearce, New
Scientist, p. 4, Apr. 18, 1992. An analysis by Martin Parry of the likely
impact of global warming, prepared for the U.N. IPCC, envisions a decline of
10-15 percent in grain yields in Africa, tropical Latin America and much of
India and Southeast Asia. Another study by Norman Myers predicts that rising sea
levels and declining farm yields could turn more than 300 million people into "environmental
"New Studies Predict Profits in Heading Off Warming," W.K.
Stevens, New York Times, pp. C1, C9, Mar. 17, 1992. Discusses several
recent studies showing that CO2 emissions can be stabilized or reduced at
negative cost, and a recent conference on the topic held at the Smithsonian
"Acoustic Fridge Sounds Good for the Ozone Layer," D. Clery,
New Scientist, p. 21, Apr. 4, 1992. A new refrigeration system developed
at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, that uses sound instead of a piston and
CFCs, and also uses 40-percent less energy.
"Nation Launches Ozone Program to Alert Public to UV Health Risks,"
Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 165, Mar. 25, 1992. Environment Canada will
issue weekly Ozone Watch bulletins over media outlets to keep the public
informed of the risk of exposure to excessive ultraviolet radiation.
"UNEP Adopts Plan to Expand Role of Economists in Environmental
Issues," ibid., pp. 125-126, Mar. 11, 1992. The plan was agreed
upon in Nairobi at a February meeting of economists, scholars and governmental
"US Military Fails to Go Green," New Scientist, p. 15,
Feb. 1, 1992. An attempt launched with fanfare 18 months ago to involve the U.S.
military in environmental research has stalled amid bureaucratic indecision in
"IMAGE: Modeling the Greenhouse Effect," R. Shaw et al., IIASA
Options, pp. 16-17, Dec. 1991. The International Institute for Applied
Systems Analysis (IIASA), in collaboration with the Netherlands National
Institute for Public Health and Protection (RIVM), has been developing a
simplified, policy-oriented model for assessing climate change. The model runs
climate change scenarios on a personal computer in minutes or hours, and is
intended to complement the use of full climate models, which run for days.
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Index of Abbreviations