February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 5, NUMBER 11, NOVEMBER 1992
International agriculture study: Results of a study of the impacts
of climate change on agriculture, funded by the U.S. EPA and presented at the
International Geographical Congress (Washington, D.C., August 1992), show that
developing nations are most vulnerable. According to an article in Science
News (p. 116, Aug. 1992), the study is the first to take a detailed global
look at agricultural impacts. A parallel study on health (still in progress) is
finding similar results, with people in developing countries highly vulnerable
to heat-related stress.
Industrial ecology: A feature article in Chem. Eng. News (B.
Hileman, pp. 7-14, Aug. 24, 1992) analyzes results of an international,
interdisciplinary, industry-environment workshop (Snowmass Village, Colorado,
July 1992) aimed at finding ways to reconfigure industry and agriculture to
reduce all kinds of environmental damage. Disagreements occurred not so much
between environmental scientists and representatives of industry, but over
different ways of looking at issues, such as by sociologists and physicists. One
of the many recommendations is that some international organization develop a
clear and consistent environmental framework within which companies investing in
developing and transitional countries can operate.
News from Japan:
- "Administrative Measures Said Needed To Reach CO2 Stabilization Goal By
2000," Intl. Environ. Rptr., p. 605, Sep. 23, 1992. Measures such
as tax breaks and energy conservation certification systems are needed to reach
Japan's goal, according to a report by the Industrial Structure Council and the
Energy Study Council. CO2 taxes should not be necessary.
- "New Trade Ministry Plan Stresses Economic Growth for Developing World,"
ibid., p. 606. The report released by the Ministry of International
Trade and Industry (MITI) gives economic development priority over environmental
concerns, in contrast to the Environment Agency's policy which is reflected in
an environmental bill being considered in the Diet. MITI finds that measures
such as greater use of natural gas and nuclear energy will enable Japan to meet
its CO2 goal.
- "Big Increase for MITI Budget Emphasizes Energy Technology," D.
Swinbanks, Nature, p. 4, Sep. 3, 1992. The 16% increased budget request
would come largely from a new special account of $1.1 billion created by the
ministry to promote development and use of technology to reduce CO2 emissions
and energy consumption. A carbon tax is one source of revenue being considered
for long-term funding of such work.
German utility program: The electric utility RWE Energie of Essen
has launched a $67-million energy saving program for private households,
expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 120,000 metric tons annually. (See Intl.
Environ. Rptr., p. 614, Sep. 23, 1992.)
"Methods to Reduce CO2 Emissions Appraised," J. Haggin, Chem.
Eng. News, p. 24, Sep. 21, 1992. Gives highlights of a presentation by
Howard Herzog of MIT at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society,
concerning progress on techniques for sequestering (removing permanently from
the atmosphere) CO2 emitted from fossil fuel combustion.
"WEC: Energy Supply Industry at a 'Turning Point,'" Global
Environ. Change Rep., p. 6, Oct. 9, 1992. A brief report on the 15th
World Energy Congress of the World Energy Council (Madrid, Sep. 1992). In
contrast to previous meetings which focused on protecting the traditional
interests of energy suppliers, this meeting emphasized environmental concerns
and the energy needs of developing countries.
"British Buses to Run on Flower Power," N. McDiarmid, New
Scientist, p. 18, Oct. 3, 1992. The Italian firm Novamont manufactures a
diesel fuel from oilseed rape now being used in several European countries. As a
biofuel, it produces little net CO2.
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