February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1993
TEMPERATURE TRENDS: OCEAN
"Temperature and Size Variabilities of the Western Pacific
Warm Pool," X.-H. Yan (Ctr. Remote Sensing, Univ. Delaware,
Newark DE 19716), C.R. Ho et al., Science, 258(5088),
1643-1645, Dec. 4, 1992.
Satellite multichannel sea surface temperature observations
from 1982 to 1991 show that both annual mean temperature and the
size of the warm pool increased from 1983 to 1987 and fluctuated
thereafter. Possible causes include solar irradiance variations,
El Niņo-Southern Oscillation events, volcanic activities and
"Interdecadal Natural Climate Variability in the Western
Pacific and Its Implication in Global Warming," T. Yamagata
(Dept. Earth Phys., Univ. Tokyo, Tokyo 113, Japan), J. Meteor.
Soc. Japan, 70(1B), 167-175, Feb. 1992.
Long-term hydrographic observations made by the Japan
Meteorological Agency in the western Pacific have revealed not
only the oceanic thermal variability associated with ENSO events,
but also an interdecadal variability seemingly related to the
global warming trend from the late 1970s.
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