February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 12, DECEMBER 1993
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: LAKES AND STREAMS
"Projected Global Climate Change Impact on Water Temperatures in Five
North Central U.S. Streams," H.G. Stefan (Dept. Civ. & Mineral Eng.,
Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis MN 55414), B.A. Sinokrot, Clim. Change,
24(4), 353-381, Aug. 1993.
Model calculations for Minnesota streams predict a warming of freely flowing
river reaches by 2.4· to 4.7·C resulting from a CO2 doubling. These
temperature changes have consequences for survival and growth of fish.
"Regional Water Temperature Characteristics of Lakes Subjected to
Climate Change," M. Hondzo (address above), H.G. Stefan, ibid.,
24(3), 187-211, July 1993.
A 1-D lake water quality model was validated and linked to GCM output.
Predicted changes for a doubled CO2 climate include earlier onset of
stratification and later overturn, and greater lake stability in spring and
"Lake Water Quality Modeling for Projected Future Climate Scenarios,"
H.G. Stefan (address above), M. Hondzo, X. Fang, J. Environ. Qual., 22(3),
417-431, July-Sept. 1993.
Applies a model to wide ranges of lake classes in Minnesota and of
meteorological conditions. Differentiates lakes on a regional rather than on an
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