February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 12, DECEMBER 1993
ENERGY ANALYSES AND ECONOMICS
Related discussions on the cost of energy efficiency: Science,
262(5132), 319-321, Oct. 15, 1993; and 261(5124), 969-970, Aug.
"Information, Production and Utility," M. Ruth (Energy &
Environ. Stud., Boston Univ., 675 Commonwealth Ave., Boston MA 02215), C.W.
Bullard, Energy Policy, 21(10), 1059-1066, Oct. 1993.
Presents a physical model of production for quantitatively exploring the
role of technological change in an economic system that is treated explicitly as
part of the ecosystem.
"Renewable Energy Technologies for Mexico: Assessing Carbon Emissions
Reductions," D. Corbus (Nat. Renewable Energy Lab., 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden
CO 80401), J. Mark, M. Martinez, World Resour. Rev., 5(3),
324-340, Sep. 1993.
Renewable technologies are evaluated and ranked by six criteria. Those
showing promise are geothermal, biomass, cogeneration, wind, and micro-hydro
"Decline and Rebirth--Energy Demand in the Former USSR," L.
Schipper (Intl. Energy Studies, Lawrence Berkeley Lab., 1 Cyclotron Rd.,
Berkeley CA 94720), E. Martinot, Energy Policy, 21(9), 969-977,
A detailed, bottom-up model of energy demand was used to estimate energy use
in 1995 and 2010; only 1995 results are given here. Predicts a decline in energy
use in 1995 of 22% compared to 1985.
"How Big is the Electricity Conservation Potential in Industry?"
M. Jaccard (Sch. Resour./Environ. Mgmt., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby BC V5A 1S6,
Can.), J. Nyboer, A. Fogwill, The Energy J., 14(2), 139-156,
A study of industry in British Columbia concludes that the technical and
economic conservation potential ranges from 35% to 45%.
Two items from Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 18(3), Mar. 1993:
"Modeling of Hydrogen Penetration in the Energy Market," F. Barbir
(Energy Partners, 1501 Northpoint Pkwy., W. Palm Beach FL 33407), H.J. Plass
Jr., T.N. Veziroglu, 187-195. Using a dynamic model that links the energy and
socio-economic systems, concludes that early transition to the solar hydrogen
energy system would provide long-term benefits to the economy and environment.
"Hydrogen in the Evolving Energy System," D.S. Scott (Inst.
Integrated Energy Systems, Univ. Victoria, POB 3055, Victoria BC V8W 3PC, Can.
Represents the energy system architecture as a five link chain, as a basis for
examining factors that influence energy systems and the economic, cultural and
business opportunities offered by hydrogen energy systems.
"Global Energy and Electricity Futures," C. Starr Electric Power
Res. Inst., 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto CA 94304), Energy, 18(3),
225-237, Mar. 1993.
By the middle of the next century, the bulk of electricity will necessarily
come from fossil fuels and non-fossil sources such as hydro, nuclear and
geothermal. CO2 emissions will increase unless the present constraints on a
major expansion of these non-fossil sources are moderated.
Special issue: "Energy-Efficient Lighting," Energy,
18(2), Feb. 1993 (Pergamon Press).
Contains 15 papers in the categories of technology, economics and human
response; program implementation and evaluation; market dynamics; policy and
"Measuring the Energy Efficiency and Productivity Impacts of Embodied
Technical Change," E. Berndt (Mass. Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA 02139), C.
Kolstad, J.-K. Lee, The Energy J., 14(1), 33-56, 1993.
Using data from the U.S., Canada and France, finds that technological
progress embodied in new equipment is responsible for a surprisingly small
proportion of productivity growth; this finding is interpreted.
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