February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1993
ENERGY POLICY, ANALYSIS AND USE: GENERAL TOPICS
"Persistence of Energy Savings: What Do We Know and How Can It Be
Ensured?" E.L. Vine (Energy Anal., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA
94720), Energy, 17(11), 1073-1984, Nov. 1984.
Presents a conceptual framework for analyzing the persistence of energy and
demand savings, summarizes what little we know, provides guidance for conducting
persistence studies, and suggests strategies for ensuring persistence.
"Energy Taxes," A.L. Alm (Sci. Applic. Intl. Corp.), Environ.
Sci. Technol., 26(11), 2087, Nov. 1992. A comment advocating a
broad-based energy tax that would help the U.S. budget deficit and address
Two items from Energy, 17(10), Oct. 1992:
"Long-Term Global Energy Supplies with Acceptable Environmental
Impacts," S.S. Penner (Dept. Appl. Mech., Univ. Calif.-San Diego, La Jolla
CA 92093), J. Haraden, S. Mates, 883-899. Discusses uncertainties of cost
comparisons of potential environmental damages of fossil fuel combustion, and
evaluates present U.S. funding for energy technology research. Future funding
should be based on a perceived public need and include advantages for the
private sector in international competition.
"Opportunity Costs of CO2," R. Kümmel (Phys. Inst., Univ. Würzburg,
D-8700 Würzburg, Ger.), 901-906. Estimates, using 1981 data from Germany,
the minimum external costs of CO2 emissions for an economy which stagnates
between the years 1981 and 2030 and then has to halve its energy input because
of global warming. Results imply a minimum range for an immediate energy tax of
26% to 108% of total energy expenditures; proceeds would support energy
conservation and the development of nonfossil sources.
"Long-Term Macroeconomic Estimate of Energy Consumption," O.A.
Eismont (Inst. Sys. Studies, Acad. Sci., 9 Prospect 60 Let Octyabrya, 117312
Moscow, Russia), Energy Econ., 14(4), 271-273, Oct. 1992.
Attempts to determine from a macroeconomic viewpoint the economic
feasibility of the 'soft' energy path (based on conservation and renewable
sources), as opposed to the `hard' path (fossil fuels and nuclear).
Special issue: "Rational Use of Energy in Urban
Regeneration--Watt Committee on Energy Report," Appl. Energy, 43,
1992. (Elsevier Sci. Publishers)
Consists of twelve chapters based on papers presented at a March 1990
conference in Cardiff, U.K.
Three items from Energy Policy, 20(9), Sep. 1992:
"Renewable Energy--Summary Paper for the Renewable Series," T.
Jackson (7 Greenhill's Rents, London EC1M 6BN, UK), 861-883. The guest editor
for the series draws together main conclusions of the 25 papers published since
January 1991 in this journal, and assesses the prospects for significant
contributions by renewable energy to the future world energy supply.
"Combined Heat and Power [CHP]: A Real Alternative When Carefully
Implemented," A. Verbruggen (Univ. Antwerp, UFSIA, Prinsstr. 13, B-2000
Antwerp, Belg.), 884-892. This first in a series of papers on CHP or
cogeneration discusses technological, economic and policy-related issues.
"CHP Development: Impacts of Energy Markets and Government Policies,"
E. Unterwurzacher (Economist, Europ. Bank Reconstruc. & Devel.), 893-900.
Analyzes the historical development of district heating and CHP production by
public utilities and private industry in the OECD countries, and the renewed
interest sparked by climate change concerns.
Two items from Nuclear Eng. & Design, 136(1-2), Aug.
"Global Warming and Nuclear Power," D. Bodansky (Dept. Phys.,
Univ. Washington, Seattle WA 98195), 7-15. Standardized reactors of small or
medium size may enhance the prospects for a nuclear renaissance in
industrialized countries; they may also be well matched to the needs of
"CO2 and the World Energy System: The Role of Nuclear Power," W.
Fulkerson (Oak Ridge Nat. Lab., Oak Ridge TN 37831), J.E. Jones, 23-28.
Discusses the essential elements of a needed nuclear power world enterprise,
which would be socially acceptable and would complement other nonfossil sources.
Institutional improvements are as important as technological ones.
"Fuel Efficiency in the UK Vehicle Stock," S. Sorrell (Environ.
Prog., Sci. Policy Res. Unit, Mantell Bldg., Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RF, UK), Energy
Policy, 20(8), 766-780, Aug. 1992.
Interest in fuel efficiency has been revived by global warming concerns.
Recent U.K. trends are analyzed, distinguishing between effects of technical
improvements and of shifts in car model availability and consumer purchasing
"Energy, Efficiency and the Environment: The Three Big Es of
Transportation," K.J. Springer (SW Res. Inst., San Antonio TX 78228), J.
Eng. for Gas Turbines & Power--Trans. ASME, 114(3), 445-458,
July 1992. From a lecture relating recent events to these issues, which also
examines where the U.S. is headed in terms of near- and long-term controls (such
as CAFE standards) related to greenhouse warming.
Special issues: "The First 50 Years of Nuclear Power: Legacy
and Lessons," Energy Policy, 20(7 and 8), July and Aug.,
1992. (Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd.) Consists of 17 papers in two installments.
Comment: "The Way To Cut Global Warming," The Chem.
Engineer, p. 3, June 25, 1992. Coal will remain vital as one of the energy
solutions to global warming; governments should reward energy conservation and
encourage clean coal technologies.
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