February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1993
ENERGY POLICY, ANALYSIS AND USE: EUROPE
"A Carbon Tax To Reduce CO2 Emissions in Europe," P. Agostini
(GRETA, Venice), M. Botteon, C. Carraro, Energy Econ., 14(4),
279-290, Oct. 1992.
Uses a sectoral model of energy saving and interfuel substitution to examine
the effects of a carbon tax in OECD countries. Results provide mild support to
the environmental role of a tax, but further analysis aimed at a specific
country (Italy) does not favor a uniform tax. Country-specific policies are
recommended; international cooperation ought to concern targets rather than
Two items from Energy J., 13(3), 1992:
"Analysis of Unilateral CO2 Control in the European Community and OECD,"
J. Pezzey (Dept. Econ., Univ. Bristol, 8 Woodland Rd., Bristol BS8 1TN, UK),
159-171. Results of a static, six-region, perfect competition, general
equilibrium model suggest that unilateral action even by large economies,
although economically neutral overall, seems to be environmentally ineffective.
However, international leadership or induced technical progress might change
"Energy Policy in the European Community: Conflicts between the
Objectives of the Unified Single Market, Supply Security and a Clean
Environment," J. Surrey (Sci. Policy Res. Unit, Univ. Sussex, UK), 207-231.
Previous proposals of the Commission of the European Community for a unified
internal energy market did not arise out of global warming concerns, and pose
difficulties. The more recent proposals for reducing CO2 emissions and the
European Energy Charter appear to mark positive steps toward a long-term
strategy for a clean environment, energy efficiency, and oil and gas security.
"Nuclear Power in the Structure of European Power Supply," J.
Holzer (Bayernwerks AG, Nymphenburger Str. 39, W-8000 Munich 2, Ger.), Atomwirtschaft-Atomtechnik,
37(8-9), 398-402, Aug.-Sep. 1992. In German.
Nuclear power will have to take a greater role in future European power
supply, to protect the global climate, balance North-South consumption of
resources, and address the economic and ecological concerns of Eastern Europe.
"EC Carbon Tax Would Bring Uncertainty to Oil Market," H.E.
Hisham Nazer (Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resour., Saudi Arabia), OPEC
Bull., 23(6), 6-8, June 1992. Remarks to a meeting of the EC-Gulf
Joint Council in May 1992, emphasizing the dilemma of oil producers over
investment in facilities caused by the EC proposal to increase the tax on oil.
"Eastern Europe in Transition: Energy Use and the Environment,"
M. Hafiz-Khodja (OPEC Secretariat, Obere Danaustr. 93, 1020 Vienna, Austria), R.
Ferroukhi, ibid., 23(3), 10-16, Mar. 1992.
Analysis of the situation in Bulgaria, the former Czechoslovakia, Hungary,
Poland and Rumania concludes that without massive financial assistance from
other countries, the aim of reducing CO2 emissions and other pollutants could be
overridden by other priorities.
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