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Item #d93nov124

U.S. Automobile Initiative: The Clinton Administration and major U.S. auto makers have agreed on a partnership to design cars for the 21st century. Fashioned after successful Japanese government-industry partnerships, the arrangement is intended to triple fuel efficiency within a decade through cooperation rather than regulations. See Science, p. 172, Oct. 8 1993.

Item #d93nov125

NAFTA: The North American Free Trade Agreement, which passed the U.S. House of Representatives in November, is expected to increase greenhouse gas emissions through accelerated economic growth, as discussed in Energy, Econ. & Clim. Change, pp. 7-8, Sep.

Item #d93nov126

Methane reports: A series of legislatively-mandated studies on methane emissions and control options has been completed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (See the Reports/Emissions section in this month's issue.)

Item #d93nov127

The Effects of Climate Regulations on electric utilities are projected to be larger and more immediate than direct climate impacts, according to a study funded by the Electric Power Research Institute in the U.S. and the Central Research Institute of the Electric Power Industry in Japan. The study, to be published next year, is discussed extensively in Energy, Econ. & Clim. Change, pp. 9-12, Sep.

Item #d93nov128

UV-B effects in Chile: A team of international researchers investigating anecdotal reports has found no convincing evidence of any short-term effects of elevated UV-B exposure in southern Chile or Argentina, according to Global Environ. Change Rep., p. 6, Sep. 24.

Item #d93nov129

"The $1.5 Billion Question: Can the U.S. Global Change Research Program Deliver on its Promises?" R. Monastersky, Science News, pp. 158-159, Sep. 4. (See Global Climate Change Digest, p. 8, Oct. 1993.)

Item #d93nov130

"Scientists Confront Renewed Backlash on Global Warming," W.K. Stevens, The New York Times, pp. C1, C6, Sep. 14. A recent spate of articles and books characterize the thesis of global warming as hysteria and a socialist ploy; the rhetoric is the mirror image of that heard five years ago when record summer heat prompted warnings of climatic apocalypse. This article summarizes point-by-point the major arguments of the critics and the responses of scientists. (See also related letter to the editor ibid., p. A24, Sep. 28 1993.) "Greenhouse Effect Seems Benign So Far" (B. Rensberger, The Washington Post, pp. A1, A9, June 1 1993) also summarizes countervailing scientific views.

Item #d93nov131

"Satellite vs. Surface: Two Points of View on Global Warming," B. Rensberger, The Washington Post, p. A3, July 26. Presents a chart of satellite measurements of air temperatures from 1979 through June 1993. NASA scientists, John Christy and Roy Spencer, think their data shows that global warming is less of a problem than climate models indicate; modeler James Hansen distrusts these data because they show no signs of warming, while surface temperature measurements do. A third scientist, Jerry Mahlman, points out that all data sets have problems.

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