February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 10, OCTOBER 1993
ENERGY POLICY AND USE
"A New Energy Path
for the Third World," N. Lenssen, Technol. Rev., 42-51, Oct. 1993.
In this adaptation of a recent Worldwatch Institute paper, a senior
Worldwatch researcher shows how the old path, based on fossil fuels, is leading
developing countries to environmental and economic ruin. A better route combines
more efficient technologies with alternative sources of energy.
Against Global Warming," M. Hamer, New Scientist, 12-13, 1993.
Rethinking the design of towns and cities could help to restrain the growth
of traffic and cut CO2 emissions. Compares the potential savings for
different industrialized countries of the world. Based in part on a report
produced for the U.K. (See section on Reports/Transportation in this [October
Too Hot to Handle" (see General Interest section in this [October 1993]
"Demanding Plans for
Power Cuts," C. Cragg, New Scientist, 13-14, Mar. 27, 1993.
U.S. electricity companies make money, create jobs and reduce pollution by
helping their customers use less power through the techniques of demand-side
management. Britain has been slow to adopt the practice.
Windmills," J.G. McGowan, Technol. Rev., 39-46, July 1993.
Long seen as a quixotic energy source, at least in the U.S., wind power is
making a comeback, shattering several prominent myths (discussed here). With
coordinated effort and an enlightened government energy policy, it is not too
late for the U.S. to regain a leading role in wind-energy technology and
"Nuclear Power's Dim
Future," J. Josephson, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1007-1009, June
Interviews with industry experts lead the author to conclude that several
major problems will prevent U.S. utilities from turning to nuclear power as the
least-cost approach to abating CO2 or meeting future energy demands.
"Will Brazil's Cars
Go on the Wagon?" B. Homewood, New Scientist, 22-23, Jan. 9, 1993.
While the rest of the world searches for alternatives to fossil fuels,
Brazil is considering winding down its successful Proalcohol program--the
world's biggest experiment in alternative fuel that powers about a third of the
country's cars from sugar cane.
E. Denzler, Nucleus, 7-9, Fall 1993 (Union of Concerned Scientists, 26
Church St., Cambridge MA 02238).
Current sensitivity to how biomass energy systems can affect ecosystems may
allow us to utilize this renewable resource in an environmentally safe way and
reduces dependence on fossil fuels.
"All Charged Up,"
R.J. Hwang, ibid., 1-3, 12. Although electric vehicles will never fully
replace gas-powered vehicles, they can play an important role in mitigating
global warming and spurring the development of efficient vehicle technologies.
"Jump Start: The New
Automotive Revolution," C. Flavin, World Watch, 27-32, July-Aug.
1993. The first generation of environmentally responsible cars is at last on the
way. Major manufacturers are developing super-efficient and hybrid vehicles.
"Shedding Light on
the Compact Fluorescent," L. Lamarre, EPRI J., 22-27, Mar. 1993.
Many U.S. consumers are disatisfied with cur rently available compact
fluorescent lamps commonly promoted in the efficient-lighting programs of U.S.
utilities, and manufacturers have begun working on improvements. Meanwhile, EPRI
researchers are trying to determine the most effective next step for utility
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