Global Climate Change Digest: Main Page | Introduction | Archives | Calendar | Copy Policy | Abbreviations | Guide to Publishers


GCRIO Home ->arrow Library ->arrow Archives of the Global Climate Change Digest ->arrow September 1993 ->arrow PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... CLIMATE PROJECTIONS Search

U.S. Global Change Research Information Office logo and link to home

Last Updated:
February 28, 2007

GCRIO Program Overview

 

 

Library 
Our extensive collection of documents.

 

Get Acrobat Reader

Privacy Policy

Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 6, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1993

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS...
CLIMATE PROJECTIONS


Item #d93sep16

Two items from Nature, 364(6434), July 15, 1993 (see Research News):

"The Oceans and Global Warming," A.J. Weaver (Sch. Ocean Sci., Univ. Victoria, POB 1700, Victoria BC V8W 2Y2, Can.), 192-193. Discusses results of the following paper, emphasizing the importance of oceans in climate change and the large uncertainties surrounding the atmosphere's role.

"Century-Scale Effects of Increased Atmospheric CO2 on the Ocean-Atmosphere System," S. Manabe (GFDL, Princeton Univ., POB 308, Princeton NJ 08542), R.J. Stouffer, 215-218. Used a coupled ocean-atmosphere climate model to study the evolution of the world's climate over the next 500 years, with either a doubling or quadrupling of CO2 concentrations. Global surface mean air temperature increases by about 3.5ĚC and 7ĚC, respectively. In the latter case, the ocean settles into a new stable state in which the thermohaline circulation has ceased, with profound impacts on the carbon cycle and biogeochemistry of the coupled system.


Item #d93sep17

"Model Simulations of the Competing Climatic Effects of SO2 and CO2," Y.J. Kaufman (NASA-Goddard, Greenbelt MD 20771), M.-D. Chou, J. Clim., 6(7), 1241-1252, July 1993.

A detailed, 2-D model representation of the impacts of SO2 emissions on climate through enhanced cloud formation indicates that this cooling mechanism can currently counteract 50% of CO2 greenhouse warming. Projections are made into the next century using IPCC emission scenarios. The complete removal of SO2 from emissions (such as to control acid rain) leads to a warming surge of 0.4ĚC in the following few years.


Item #d93sep18

"Accuracy of Assessments of Future Climate Conditions," M.I. Budyko (State Hydrol. Inst.), Soviet Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 5, 1-6, 1992. (English translation; Allerton Press.)

Discusses methods for calculating the accuracy of assessments of expected climate changes, especially by regions, a topic generally overlooked by non-Russian researchers. Presents data demonstrating the reliability of climate projections based on analogs to warm epochs of the past.

  • Guide to Publishers
  • Index of Abbreviations

  • Hosted by U.S. Global Change Research Information Office. Copyright by Center for Environmental Information, Inc. For more information contact U.S. Global Change Research Information Office, Suite 250, 1717 Pennsylvania Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20006. Tel: +1 202 223 6262. Fax: +1 202 223 3065. Email: Web: www.gcrio.org. Webmaster:
    U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Intranet Logo and link to Home